lunes, 9 de noviembre de 2009

Srila Prabhupada speaks on: Why is there Anything

Fotos de vijay

Sunday and Festival Darshans

"Why is there Anything"
February 13, 1975


Guest (1) (German Man): I would like to ask you a question. Once Leibnitz, who is one of the fathers of the Western tradition, formulated the question which was the beginning of metaphysics in a way, Western metaphysics. The question is "Why there is anything?" What is your stand about this classic point?

Prabhupada: Why?

Guest (1): Why there is anything?

Hrdayananda: Why anything exists? What is the reason for the existence of...?

Prabhupada: (chuckles) "Why anything exists?" (laughter) What do you mean by anything?

Guest (1): Well, that's precisely the point. What is the purpose? What is the sense, if there is any, or does the very question make sense?

Prabhupada: No, no, unless understand what is that "anything..." First of all, you have to understand what is that "anything." Anything... Just like this book, this table, this bell, the electric they are so many things. So you can take any one of them; that is anything. What is your idea of anything?

Guest (1): Oh, reality. Material, external, reality to our ego, our internal reality as well.

Prabhupada: Internal reality and external reality?

Guest (1): Both. For me, the word "anything" covers both.

Prabhupada: Yes. So that also we understand, "anything." There are so many varieties of things, and you can take any one of them. That is "anything." But your question should be, "Wherefrom these things coming?" That should be the proper question.

Professor: What is the reason of this (indistinct) "anything"?

Prabhupada: Yes. There are so many things, and you can take any one of them. That is "anything." But the real question should be "Wherefrom all these things are coming?" That is real question, "What is the origin of all these things?"

Guest (1): Well, origin, that is more on the theoretical side. It's a question, "Why?" But I am, rather, after the purpose.

Prabhupada: Yes. That is a nice question. But there is the real source of everything. That is the Vedanta-sutra... Perhaps you have read. Vedanta-sutra, first question is: "Wherefrom all these things come?" So the answer is that janmady asya yatah: [SB 1.1.1] "Brahman. The original thing is Brahman, or the Absolute Truth, and from Him, everything is emanating." Just like physical... The sun is there, and whole material world is product of the sunshine. What your physical science says? Eh? Eh? Do they not say? It is a fact that sunshine... Due to the sunshine all these material things are there.

Guest (1): Well, it's more involved than just saying that. Sun is just a big complex of hydrogen and helium, a big pile of rubbish really, but it develops this marvelous reactions which causes it to work as a big nuclear reactor, an entirely different story, what the vision of science, of the present science, about the meaning of celestial bodies and the meaning of, in particular, of sun and moon and so on. We are extremely realistic about this world. We can't see, assuming all the glory of that what happens on the earth due to the existence of those bodies, we do not try to look inside of the structure of these things, as something meant for us. Just universe as it is... And this question, like Nietzchean question which I am repeating -- that's not my point -- this big question is... Western philosophy presently does not answer, does not ask this question. I think that this scientist who did ask it had quite a point. This question expresses the quest of the human race for some meaning for some sense, for some sense. That's what religion is now offering us, or philosophy, or... Rarely, directly, we hear the direct answer to that.

Prabhupada: What is your direct answer?

Guest (1): Oh, I don't have any. If I would have, I wouldn't ask you.

Prabhupada: That means your knowledge is insufficient.

Guest (1): Precisely. Precisely. That is the beginning of...

Prabhupada: Therefore, if you have no answer. That's all right. That "We don't know" means our knowledge is insufficient. But knowledge means must be progressive. We should not remain in insufficient knowledge. We must make further progress to get sufficient knowledge. Inquiry.

Guest (1): But you referred to some other, more direct ways of acquiring knowledge than just the standard...

Prabhupada: No, because we have got insufficient knowledge, we cannot approach directly. It is not possible. We have to take knowledge -- who has got sufficient knowledge, from him. Because you have got insufficient knowledge, so you cannot make progress. Just like beyond this wall, you cannot say what is there. That is insufficient knowledge. But that does not mean there is nothing. Because you cannot say what is beyond this wall, that does not mean that there is nothing beyond this wall. Your knowledge is insufficient. Is it not?

Professor: But this was more or less my question...

Prabhupada: Just try to hear. Then...

Professor: If Indian philosophy...

Prabhupada: No, no, it is no Indian or American. It is the philosophy. It is philosophy. The philosophy is not Indian or American. Truth is truth, not Indian truth or American truth. That is not truth. That is relative truth. The Absolute Truth is absolute. That is neither Indian nor American nor...

Guest (1): But in what sense you use the concept "truth" here? Is it in the ontological sense, or is it in somehow in a more pragmatical human sense, refers to human beings or...?

Prabhupada: Yes, it is pragmatic, that you cannot see beyond this wall. That is your insufficient knowledge or your senses are insufficient. You cannot go beyond this wall. But that does not mean there is nothing beyond this wall. So if you want to know what is beyond this wall, you have to know from a person who knows it. Yes. Because you cannot see, you cannot know, that is not the end. There must be something.

Guest (1): What?

Prabhupada: Eh? It is actual fact. That is pragmatic. It is actual fact. There is... So many things there are, but you do not know because your senses are imperfect. Your eyes are imperfect, your touch, imperfect, the gathering senses... The senses which gathers knowledge... Just like eyes... We can see and gather knowledge. We can hear; we gather knowledge. We can taste; we gather knowledge. So, because your senses are imperfect, therefore your knowledge gathered, that is imperfect.

Professor: But in the case of a mystical man that has been able to see...

Prabhupada: There is no question of mystic. First of all we have to admit that on account of our senses being imperfect, whatever knowledge we gather, that is imperfect. That is imperfect. Therefore, if you want to possess real knowledge you have to approach somebody who is perfect. You cannot... Huh?

Guest (1): How can we know that somebody is perfect?

Prabhupada: That is another thing. But first of all, the basic principle is we have to understand that our senses are imperfect, and whatever knowledge we gather by these imperfect senses, they are imperfect. So if we want perfect knowledge, then we have to approach somebody whose senses are perfect, whose knowledge is perfect. That is the principle. That is the Vedic principle. Therefore the Vedic principle says, tad-vijnanartham sa gurum evabhigacchet [MU 1.2.12]. You know Sanskrit, yes. "In order to know that perfect knowledge, one should approach guru." So who is guru? Then the next question will be... Your question is that, "How I can?"

Guest (1): How can I know that...?

Prabhupada: That I am coming. That I am coming. Guru... That is next line. It is said, srotriyam brahma-nistham. Guru means who has properly heard the Vedas, sruti. Srotriyam. And as a result of his hearing he is firmly convinced in the existence of the Absolute Truth, God.

Professor: Well, this is... We've only come to one of the mentioned(?) theories of knowledge, I think, sabda.

Prabhupada: Sata? Sabda, yes, sabda-brahman. Yes.

Professor: Then if you are able to communicate to heart with knowledge through sabda, no?

Prabhupada: Yes. Sabda-brahman. Just like many thousands of miles away we are getting some radio message and we learn that "Something is happening there. Something is there." Therefore sabda. This is... Sabda means sound, sound, sound vibration. So that is the real source of knowledge. That is the real source of... Sabda-brahman.

Professor: One of the sources of knowledge or the only one?

Prabhupada: No, that is the only one. There are others; they are subordinate. But the sabda, knowledge received, sabda, through sabda, sabda-brahman, that is perfect knowledge. Just like the same example: beyond this wall I cannot see, but if somebody there says, "This is the position here" -- the sound comes -- that is perfect. You cannot see what is going on, but if somebody says, sends radio message or any message, sound, then you know. Therefore sabda-pramana, sabda, knowledge received through sabda, that is perfect knowledge.

Professor: That means through sabda, and through other means you can have a direct intuition but you can't intact... Direct intuition of things.

Prabhupada: Intuition is different. Direct perception. Sabda, you can (have) direct perception. It is not intuition. It is perception. Therefore the word is used, srotriyam brahma-nistham [MU 1.2.12]. So our process is to receive knowledge through sabda-brahman, Vedic. Just like eko narayana asit. Eko narayana asit: "Before creation there was only Narayana." Na brahma na isah: "There was no Brahma; there was no Siva." So this is sabda-pramana, sabda-pramana, that "In the beginning there was God, nothing else." So in this way our Vedic principle is: when your knowledge is corroborated by the Vedic version then it is perfect.

Professor: But according to Sankara it is not only way that you can approach truth. You can also approach through deduction.

Prabhupada: There are many ways. Just like hypothesis. Hypothesis. Yes. History, history. Hypothesis, history. Then direct perception. There are many. But of all these, sabda-pramana is taken as best. Sabda-pramana, evidence through the sound. That is the best.

Professor: No, but (indistinct). According to (indistinct). If one comes to value, existential value of a thing, through deduction... Is it possible or not only through intuition, through direct intuition of the reality of the whole?(?)

Prabhupada: Value by intuition?

Professor: Direct knowledge of the existence of a thing, of anything.

Prabhupada: Yes. The knowledge of existence, that nityah-sasvato 'yam, nityah sasvatah, that is knowledge of existence. So you have to learn which is nitya and which is not nitya from the authority. "This is nitya, and this is anitya." So nityo nityanam cetanas cetananam (Katha Upanisad 2.2.13). These are the Vedic version: "There is one chief nitya amongst the many nityas." Just like we, we living entities, we are nityas, eternal. First of all try to understand eternity. You were a child or I was a child. Now that body, child body, is no longer existing. But I understand, I know, that I had a body, child. Therefore I am nitya. I am existing. The body has gone, but I am existing. Therefore I am eternal, nitya. Is it clear?

Professor: Well, I remember one other explanation, that when you are sleeping and you have a dream...

Prabhupada: No, when I am sleeping I am working.

Professor: ...and you have a dream, and then, when you are coming back from sleep...

Prabhupada: Yes.

Professor: can remember your dream.

Prabhupada: Yes.

Professor: That means that you are conscious of your existence even on the suppression of consciousness.

Prabhupada: I am not only conscious, but the consciousness depends on me. Because I am there, therefore consciousness... So I am nitya. This is the proof of nitya, that many changes have taken place, but the changes, the phenomenal changes, they have gone out. They are no more existing. Therefore they are not nitya. Just like dream. At night I saw one dream, but the dream is no more existing, but I remember that last night I saw the dream. Therefore I am nitya. And the dream is anitya. The dream is anitya. Similarly, this phenomenal world, when I am not sleeping, but I am so-called awakened, so I am seeing. I am seeing you, I am seeing the table, this book, you see, but... (aside:) Don't... But when I am asleep I forget all these things. I forget. I am in a different world. I am seeing different things. So this is also dream, and the dream at night, that is also dream. But I, the seer of this dream and that dream, I am the eternal.

Professor: The thing is not to make dependent on the conscious of any individual the existence of thing.

Prabhupada: Existence of thing... I say that at night, when I am dreaming, I do not see existence of these things. And at this time, in daytime, when I am seeing these things, I do not see the existence of the dream. So the conclusion should be both these things I see in daytime and I see at night, they have no existence. They are phenomenal. But I am the seer; I am eternal. I am existing. This is the proof. Because at night I am seeing and daytime I am seeing, so therefore I am eternal. But the phenomenal manifestation, they are temporary. We don't say it is false. Temporary. The Mayavadi philo... Sankara said it is false. Brahma satyam jagan mithya. Mithya means false. We don't say false. We don't say that this book is false. It has got reality, but temporary. This book has come into form at a certain date, and it will exist for certain days, and when it will be worn out or old, there will be no existence. Therefore the formation of this book is temporary. But I am the reader of the book; I am eternal. So two things are there, temporary and eternal. The temporary existence, somebody says, "False," but we say, "It is not false; it is temporary." But there is an eternal existence. Just like I am eternal. That is... We have to learn from sabda, vibration. Na hanyate hanyamane sarire [Bg. 2.20]. You understand Sanskrit. Na hanyate hanyamane sarire [Bg. 2.20]. That eternal thing is existing, it will continue to exist. Even after the destruction of this temporary body, it will continue to exist.

Professor: But coming again to the question that Professor (indistinct) put to you, but it is possible to understand all those things (indistinct)

Prabhupada: You have to understand... I have already said that we have got our imperfect senses. We cannot understand. But we have to understand from a person who has got perfect knowledge.

Professor: But why existence of all these things?

Prabhupada: So? Why? Then the answer will be: "Why there shall not be existence?" First of all you answer this. If you question like that -- "Why there is existence?" -- then I shall inquire, "Why there shall not be existence?" Therefore the decision should be taken from the Absolute. Your question, my answer, will not solve. If you say, "Why there is existence?" I can ask you, "Why there shall not be existence?" And who will decide this?

Guest (1): If I may something, this basic question, I suppose, may be asked only on the level of all religion, all philosophy, which does not put a line of division between practice in life...

Prabhupada: Yes.

Guest (1): ...and abstract investigations. Now, in normal Western thinking we do deny the very purpose of that question. As a matter of fact, we never ask it. Since time when Leibnitz did ask this question we all forgot it, or deliberately we suppress it. We simply say, "All right, let's be concerned only with those things which we can deal with effectively in material world. And the question of purpose let's leave aside." Now, I suppose that within this system of thought which you have...

Prabhupada: I may tell you two things. The purpose is... That is experienced by every one of us, what is the purpose of life, what is the purpose, anything. That, everyone, we can understand very easily. The purpose is ananda. Pleasure. That is the purpose. There is no difficulty to understand what is the purpose. The purpose is pleasure-seeking. Or purpose is pleasure. One who hasn't got the pleasure, he's seeking after it. That is the purpose. Purpose is ananda. Anandamayo 'bhyasat (Vedanta-sutra 1.1.12). That is the Vedanta-sutra. Everyone of us, seeking ananda. The scientific knowledge, philosophy, or even driving the car or whatever you are doing -- the purpose is ananda. That is a common factor. Purpose is... Why I am eating palatable dishes? I can eat anything, but I am seeking that "This sort of foodstuff will please me." That is ananda.

Guest (1): That is driving force and motivation of most human activities. But the question, purpose, which Leibnitz was asking for, he was asking on higher plane, in abstraction.

Prabhupada: Higher plane means you are seeking after pleasure, but that is being obstructed. That is your position. You are seeking pleasure, but it is not unobstructed. Therefore you are seeking higher, where there is no obstruction. Pleasure is the purpose, but when you speak of higher plane, that means you are experiencing obstruction in getting pleasure. So you are seeking a platform where there is no obstruction. But the purpose is the same.

Guest (1): Must it necessarily be so? That would be so, supposing that we human beings are at the center of existence, and our criteria should be applied, measuring everything which exists. Now, the question, "Why there is anything?" is asked on the more higher level, in the sense, trying to forget about this answer for anthropocentric thinking.

Prabhupada: No, thinking...

Guest (1): This question relates to everything what may exist, other beings, other intelligences.

Prabhupada: This is a fact, that intelligent or not intelligent, that doesn't matter. Everyone is seeking pleasure, ananda. The Sanskrit word is ananda. So ananda... Suppose I am constructing a big house to live there, but before the construction is finished I am, by nature, I am taken away. I die. Just like Napoleon. That, in France, that Arc in Paris?

Devotee: Arc de Triumph.

Prabhupada: He could not finish. You see? There are so many things. We are thinking, "By finishing this, we shall be happy," but that is sometimes hampered. So ananda is checked. So this is the position. So higher means where ananda is not checked. That is higher position. The purpose is ananda, but in this material world we are experiencing ananda being checked. Just like nobody wants to die. That's a fact. Why you shall die? I already discussed that I know that I was a child, I was a boy, I was a young man, and now I have got this body, old man's body. It is now going to finish. So I am little anxious. Now, whatever ananda I was drawing in my living condition, now it is going to be finished. But if we think properly that "I am eternal, so although the body will be finished, I'll not be finished..." This is very natural, that "I was not finished. Because my childhood body was finished, so I was not finished. My boyhood body was not finished; I was not finished. My youthhood was finished, but I was not finished." Similarly, the conclusion should be: "Even though this body will be finished, I'll not be finished." That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita, tatha dehantara praptir dhiras tatra na muhyati [Bg. 2.13]. Dhira, one who is intelligent, he is not disturbed. Dhiras tatra na muhyati. So dhira, one who is dhira, sober, philosopher, he knows that "I am not going to be finished. I shall have to accept another body." Now, whether that body will be ananda? That is the consideration. I'll get another body, just like I have got this body, after changing so many bodies. Moment after moment, we are changing body. That is the medical science, changing of blood corpuscles. So this body will be changed again. Then I will have to enter the mother's womb and packed up for at least ten months in suffocated condition. This is scientific, all. Then again I'll come out when the body is prepared nicely to come out and exist. So that period of formation of body is not ananda. To remain compact in this way for ten months, it is not ananda. It is not ananda, just opposite ananda. Then when we die... Die, death, means the miserable condition is so great that we cannot live. We have to go out. There is no ananda. Then, when we have got this body, changing, there is no ananda because we are sometimes diseased, and to become old man, that is also not ananda. Therefore I am eternal. I am seeking after something which is eternal ananda. Therefore next consideration should be that "Whether this condition of repetition of birth, death, old age and disease can be changed?" That is next question. And if there is possibility, then we shall try for it. But there is possibility here. The conclusion is: so long we get this material body... Because matter is not eternal. Anything you take, material -- earth, water, fire, air, sky, mind, intelligence and false ego -- these are all material things. So these material things, they are not eternal, none of them. This table is created; it is not eternal. It will be finished at a certain date, anything you take. But I am eternal. So if I transfer myself in another nature which is eternal, then my ananda will be eternal. That is the purpose of life.

Professor: No, but the point is the identity between atman and...

Prabhupada: Yes, I am atma. You are atma. Atma.

Professor: ...the atman of the world, let's say, absolute...

Prabhupada: Yes. The atma and Paramatma, Paramatma. As I was speaking, nityo nityanam. We are all nityas, eternal, but there is one chief nitya. Just like leader. Everywhere we go, we have got a leader. Now, this, your Mexico state, there is a president. You cannot avoid it. In your college there is principal. There must be a leader. Similarly, the whole thing taken together, there must be one leader. You have to speak from experience that in your physical department or in your religious department there is a chief, leader, professor. Or you may be. But that is the way. Therefore Vedic information is that we are eternal, but there is another eternal who is chief eternal. That is God. He is eternal; we are also eternal. Then what is difference? The difference is that eko yo bahunam vidadhati kaman: "That one eternal, chief eternal, He is maintaining all the subordinate eternals." So both eternals are eternal and... The purpose is pleasure. Just like a small example, a family man. The father is the chief man in the family. The mother is there, the children are there, all together. But the father is the chief man in the family. He is maintaining the family, and there is ananda, pleasure. Similarly, ananda is the aim of both, all the eternals, the chief eternal or the subordinate eternal. But the supplier is the chief eternal. So when we come together, the chief eternal and the subordinate eternals, and enjoy together, that is the purpose of life.

Professor: According to existential philosophy or Indian philosophy, like for instance the Ramakrishna and Vivekananda and all that...

Prabhupada: They are not philosopher. They have no philosophy.

Professor: Eh?

Prabhupada: They have no philosophy.

Professor: I think you are also supporting the possibility to acquire knowledge through contact.

Prabhupada: Our position is -- I have already explained -- that we are all imperfect. Therefore we have to take knowledge from the perfect. So God is perfect, or Krsna is perfect, so we have to receive knowledge from Him. Then our knowledge is perfect. And so long we shall speculate, that is not perfect because you are speculating with imperfect instruments, what is the use? If I want to cut this table, I must have proper instrument. If I want to cut this table with this book, "Let me cut this," how it will be possible? You must know that for cutting this table it requires this instrument.

Professor: Yes, they say that the only way to acquire knowledge is through sabda.

Prabhupada: Yes. Sabda-pramana.

Professor: And I think other pramanas will be also possible according to those...

Prabhupada: Just like I am trying something, and some experienced man says, "Do like this." This is sabda-pramana. The sabda-pramana, one who knows, he says, "Do like this." The "Do like this," means sabda, sound, and it enters your ear, and you do adjustment. Therefore sabda-pramana. Just like you are sleeping, and one is, another man is coming to kill you. And another friend says, "Get up, get up, get up! There is enemy. He is coming to kill you." Then you wake up. Therefore the sound is the pramana, there was enemy. These are crude examples. When you are asleep, you cannot understand. You have got eyes, you have got hands, you have legs but no experience, but the ear gives you warning even if you are sleeping. There is enemy, your eyes cannot see, your hand cannot touch, but the ear can give you evidence, "Yes." As soon as you are awakened you say, "Yes, here is enemy. He is coming to kill me." Therefore the aural reception, sound reception, is the evidence. Knowledge received through authentic sound vibration, that is perfect.

Guest (1): Let's just say I would like to ask a question in this way. We don't doubt what you said, the assumption that individual ego is eternal and also subordinate to that which is eternal, hierarchically higher, nevertheless is the part of that which is the eternal reality. And that is (indistinct) that which you later developed. Question, sir: Is this statement what you made, a statement of fact based on direct perception, or it is something what follows traditional belief and is just the axiomatic basis of your philosophy or similar other philosophies of axiomatic basis.

Prabhupada: No, this is axiomatic basis because you have to accept that your senses are imperfect. So you, by speculation, cannot have perfect knowledge. This is axiomatic truth.

Guest (1): With that epistemological truth, all right we may go along, and, as a matter of fact, doubt about the truths of direct sensual perception is the basis, one of models of scientific activity.

Prabhupada: Direct perception...

Guest (1): My question is, rather, this statement, this basic statement about eternal ego and so on, is a statement which you somehow give to us as revealed message, something what is...,

Prabhupada: Yes, revealed.

Guest (1): ...or is...? Yes. Yes.

Prabhupada: Revealed. It is revealed. Hm? Just like in the Bhagavad-gita the vibration is coming from Krsna. Now, you practically realize it: "Yes, what is said is correct." That is direct perception. First of all, you receive the message, and then apply your logic and see that it is fact. Therefore it is perfect. When you receive the knowledge and when you directly apply it to your perception, when you see it is correct, that is the proof that the message which you received, that is correct.

Professor: Very difficult to have proofs of that, where the eternality of your own atman for instance, things of that...

Prabhupada: That is called realization. Yes. First of all you receive the sound, then apply your instruments, and when you find it, it is correct -- that is the realization. So our process is to receive knowledge from the perfect. That's all. We are not perfect. But the knowledge we are getting, that is perfect. So according to that perfect direction, if we mold our life, then we are successful. Otherwise you go on experimenting, speculating. Ciram vicinvan. Ciram, you understand, "perpetually," vicinvan, "thinking." Ciram vicinvan.

athapi te deva padambuja-dvaya-

prasada-lesanugrhita eva hi

janati tattvam (bhagavan mahimno)

na canya eko 'pi ciram vicinvan

[SB 10.14.29]

What is the use of speculating with imperfect senses? Useless waste of time.

Professor: (indistinct)

Prabhupada: But that is the tendency of modern... They do not accept that their senses are imperfect. They want to see something, distant place, with microscope... What is called? Telescope. Telescope. But the telescope is manufactured by you. It is imperfect.

Professor: But I would say that even in India, where ancient tradition... They would propose how to arrange our telescopes to be able to see more correctly.

Prabhupada: You have to see... That... Vedic injunction says, sastra-caksusa. Sastra-caksusa: "Your eyes should be the sastra." There is another crude example. Just like who is your father? How do you understand? Through the vibration of the mother. The mother says, "He is your father." You accept it. Otherwise there is no experiment. So things which are beyond your perception, beyond your defective senses, that should not be speculated. Na tams tarkena yojayet. Acintya khalv ye bhava na tams tarkena yojayet. These are the injunction. What is beyond your perception, beyond your speculation, don't waste your time so-called argument and logic. What is argument? Mother says, "He is your father." Where is the argument? You cannot apply any argument.

Professor: No, I said old tradition in India has been going on into argument itself.

Prabhupada: No, argument you can go on, but if you want to know the truth it will not be attained by argument because argument is also within your thinking power: thinking, feeling, willing. So if your thinking, feeling, willing is imperfect, what is the use of your argument? What is the use of your so-called advancement of knowledge? Basically, if the senses, knowledge acquiring senses, are imperfect, then how you can get perfect knowledge?

Professor: Well, then what do we with all techniques, all systems, that have been developed? I am thinking only India, I am not thinking other places, and all the old tradition, since Sankara onwards, of different ways to think, to study, to go deeply to all these relations between...

Prabhupada: Sankara has interpreted. Sankara has interpreted by his limited knowledge. So that is not perfect knowledge. Therefore we don't accept Sankara's philosophy.

Professor: But I said if he belongs to the same tradition, and you belong to the other...

Prabhupada: That tradition is nothing. Tradition is just temporary. You make your tradition; he makes your tradition. That is another thing. But the, fact is fact. That is not dependent on tradition. Tradition we can make, tradition. "We believe." Just like somebody says, "We believe." What is the use of such saying, "We believe"? You may believe something which is not fact.

Professor: Yes, but we could say that since the Upanisads and later, all things have been sustaining the thing which you have just said a moment ago, that there exists an identity between atman and Brahman.

Prabhupada: Identity is there. That, therefore, I have already said, nityo nityanam cetanas cetananm. Both of them are identical so far nitya is concerned or cetana is concerned, but one is dependent, and other is maintainer. That is difference. Both of them are truth. Both of them truth. You are truth; I am truth. You are living; I am living, existing. This is truth. This is truth, but you are professor and I am something else. That is temporary. But so far you are, as living being, and I am, as living being, that is truth. But your dress and my dress, that is temporary. So we have to understand like that. In this material world we are mixed up with temporary and eternal. The living entity is eternal, but his body is temporary. This is the position. So the problem is: why the eternal has got temporary things? That is hampering his ananda. Just like I am sitting here. Now, if somebody says, "Now you'll have to die and accept another body," this is not very pleasing to me. Or even I am sitting in this apartment, and somebody..., "No, you change your apartment. Come. Come here." Again I change another apartment. So I'll seek after: "Why I am changing this apartment? Is it not possible to get an eternal apartment?" That should be the brahma-jijnasa. That is... Vedanta-sutra first says, athato brahma jijnasa. "Why I am subjected to this change?" That is intelligence. "Why not eternal apartment if I am eternal?" That is intelligence.

Professor: Did you say that for the atman, are part of the eternal? For the atman, it is... A need for the being is for the purpose, ananda.

Prabhupada: Ananda, yes.

Professor: That means he is inquiring...

Prabhupada: Nature, nature ananda.

Professor: This other thing, they have it because of lila, pleasure, playing.

Prabhupada: That is also ananda. Just like somebody goes within the water. Nowadays it has become a fashion. What is that? Go within the water?

Devotee: Diving.

Prabhupada: But he does not belong to the water, but he takes some pleasure.

Professor: He needs the pleasure.

Prabhupada: Therefore he's seeking pleasure. That is the real aim. Therefore he's going into the water. He has no business to go to the water, but because he is seeking pleasure -- "Let me see if there is some pleasure. Experiment." That's all. But he does not get... Just like they are going to the moon planet, moon planet: "Let us see." Because there is no ananda, he is seeking another type of ananda. And now they have failed. Now they're going to Venus or what?

Devotees: Mars.

Prabhupada: Mars. This is going on. Bhutva bhutva praliyate [Bg. 8.19]. He's not seeking after where is eternal happiness. He's... Temporarily, he's seeking here, there. Bhutva bhutva praliyate. In this way his life is finished, seeking ananda, and he gets another body, another term. So his intelligence is not coming to the point that "What is this ananda? I am eternal. I am seeking eternal ananda. Why this ananda? Sometimes this body, sometimes this position, sometimes that position -- what is this?" That is intelligence.

Professor: I understand it very well from the point of view of particular individual and atman...

Prabhupada: Individual, we are part and parcel. The same thing: the supreme eternal, and we, means subordinate eternal. We are of the same quality. Quality is the same but quantity different. Therefore our knowledge quantity and his knowledge quantity different. Therefore we should take knowledge from Him, who has large quantity of knowledge. We have got tiny quantity of... This is the difference. He is also cognizant, I am also cognizant, but his knowledge is vast, unlimited; my knowledge is tiny. Therefore, if I want to know more, we should know from Him. That is perfect knowledge. Tad-vijnanartham sa gurum evabhigacchet srotriyam brahma-nistham [MU 1.2.12]. This is the process.

Professor: May I ask a personal question?

Prabhupada: Hm?

Professor: I heard that you were a chemist before.

Prabhupada: I was not chemist, but I was manager in a big chemical factory. Therefore, automatically, I learned something of chemist. And later on I started my own chemical factory.

Professor: You were belonging to Bengal?

Prabhupada: Yes.

Professor: And you were having also a guru there?

Prabhupada: Oh, yes, certainly. Without guru how can you...

Professor: Yes, naturally.

Prabhupada: He is my guru. Show the photo.

Devotee: It's just above you, Srila Prabhupada.

Prabhupada: Oh, yes. He is my guru.

Professor: But you are of the same line of Purusottama Sarasvati, the great philosopher, no?

Prabhupada: Purusottama Sarasvati? No, my Guru Maharaja was Sarasvati, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati.

Professor: Oh, Bhakti... So that's the same line, no?

Prabhupada: Oh, yes. That receiving the perfect knowledge... There is parampara. Just like I have got perfect knowledge. I tell you. Then you get the perfect knowledge. You tell him. This is called parampara.

Professor: I read something like that.

Prabhupada: Yes. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita. Evam parampara-praptam imam rajarsayo viduh [Bg. 4.2]. Without that parampara the knowledge is not perfect. Give them prasada. Hm?

Hrdayananda: We're going to bring you some prasadam? Spiritual food.

Professor: You are traveling all Latin America now?

Prabhupada: Yes. I have traveled all over the world in eight years. Eight years? From 1967, eight years. So eight years I have traveled around fourteen times or more than that. No, twice in a year, almost.

Professor: (laughs)

Prabhupada: No, this time, I started from India. Then I went to Hong Kong, from Hong Kong to Tokyo, from Tokyo to Honolulu, from Honolulu to Los Angeles, and from Los Angeles here, Mexico. And then where?

Hrdayananda: Caracas.

Prabhupada: Caracas.

Hrdayananda: And then Puerto Rico. Then Miami, Atlanta, New York, London.

Prabhupada: And then, from London, I may go directly to Bombay, or I may visit some other European cities where we have got temple. In Paris, in Geneva, in Rome, in Amsterdam, we have got some temple, like this.

Professor: What you're going to do about...?

Prabhupada: You have seen all our books? These are our books.

Professor: I saw them.(?) I think I had a talk somewhere with...

Prabhupada: We have got our small and big book. Fifty books we have got. All about Krsna.

Professor: I understand that music plays an important role also in the preparation of...

Hrdayananda: If music is important to us?

Prabhupada: No, first of all, our basic principle is pleasure. So whatever gives pleasure, we accept. That is natural. But in the material world, they take material pleasure, but we are for spiritual pleasure. So as soon as we speak of pleasure, there must be varieties. Without... Variety is the mother of enjoyment. So the only thing is that the material pleasure, that is temporary. It is finished after certain period, and spiritual means eternal. So our endeavor is to transfer ourself from this material pleasure to the spiritual pleasure. But the pleasure is the aim, either in this material world or in the spiritual world. This is... Anandamayo 'bhyasat (Vedanta-sutra 1.1.12). This is the Vedic... Our position is anandamaya, to remain in pleasure. But here in this material world, the body is temporary, and everything is temporary. Therefore pleasure is temporary.

Professor: You could also, I think, offer a yoga system for...

Prabhupada: Yes this is bhakti-yoga. Yes, bhakti-yoga. Bhakti-yogena manasi. Bhakti-yogena manasi [SB 1.7.4]. There is a verse in Bhagavata. Real yoga means bhakti-yoga.

yoginam api sarvesam


sraddhavan bhajate yo mam

sa me yuktatamo matah

[Bg. 6.47]

Of all the yogis... There are different kinds of yogis. We receive this authorized version, that yoginam api sarvesam. Of all the yogis, the first-class yogi is he who is thinking of Krsna always within the heart. Mad-gata antaratmana, antaratmana sraddhavan bhajate. That is our process. We are chanting Hare Krsna, so we're thinking of Krsna. This is the first-class yoga system. Dhyanavasthita-tad-gatena manasa pasyanti yam yoginah [SB 12.13.1]. In the Vedic... Yes. Dhyana, meditation, means thinking of the Supreme. And that is real yoga, not this gymnastic. That is physical.


manasa pasyanti yam yogino

yasyantam na viduh surasara-

gana devaya tasmai namah

[break] ...learned scholars, professors. Try to understand this movement, and let us cooperate. It is very important, scientific movement. It is not a mental concoction. Based on Vedic principle.

Guest (1): The question is, well, Vedic idea that knowledge, human knowledge, is imperfect, does that not then go along... Of course, we are limited by, all time by biological limitation and so on. But this statement, that there is perfect knowledge, that it can be acquired, and that there are some people who did acquire it, that's very strong statement indeed, and my question is of the practical nature. How one can know that given source of supposed spiritual truth is an actual truth? Is there any technique how one can get to it?

Prabhupada: That I have already said, that you take the vibration from the Vedic knowledge and you experiment it. Observation and experiment, that is scientific. So first of all observation and then experiment. And when you are satisfied by experiment, then it is perfect knowledge.

Guest (1): If I am satisfied? Can I rely that much on myself?

Prabhupada: Anyone can do, provided he knows the art how to do it. It is a technique also. You cannot make experiment as a crude man. You must be expert. But it is... In our Caitanya-caritamrta you'll find that there is a statement, caitanyera dayara katha karaha vicara: "Just try to make an experiment on the mercy of Lord Caitanya." Vicara karile citte pabe camatkara: "When you make an experiment, then you'll be awe-full 'Oh, it is so nice.' " So it is not to be accepted blindly.

Professor: Can one perceive by their own senses what is that...?

Prabhupada: No, you have to see through the eyes of the sastra, but God has given you the instrument by which you can make an experiment. Yes. The same thing, as it is stated... Find out that verse from Bhagavad-gita, dehino 'smin yatha dehe [Bg. 2.13]. [break] This is the statement. Now you make experiment. You have got physical laboratory. (laughter)

Guest (1): It would be rather difficult, I'm afraid.

Prabhupada: That you must know the, how it can be experiment. It is given. The example is given that... What is that? "As the child is passing"?

Hrdayananda: "As the embodied soul continually passes in this body from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death."

Prabhupada: That's it. Now, this is a fact. Everyone knows that body is changing. Now, how the last body's changed? That you make experiment, how it is passing. Yes. To make experiment means you have to know the science how to make experiment. That is knowledge. You take the basic principle of knowledge, and then you make your experiment and you will know this is perfect.

Guest (1): Is there any direct line of division between that which you would call knowledge and that what you call religion?

Prabhupada: Religion, as it is passing on at the present moment, "a kind of faith," this is not religion. This is not religion. According to... Religion means dharma, the characteristic. Just like you are eating something salty, something sweet. So the sugar, the characteristic, it is sweet. That is religion. And the salt is salty. The chili is pungent. So these characteristic is religion. So you'll have to find out religion, what is your real characteristic. That is religion. Now, religion is going, "I believe in this way." That is another thing, sentiment. Religion without philosophy is sentiment, and philosophy without religion, mental speculation. Those two things must be combined, philosophy and sentiment. Then it is religion. (end)

>>> Ref. VedaBase => Room Conversation with Woman Sanskrit Professor -- February 13, 1975, Mexico

Cuadro General

Disculpen las Molestias

[pensamiento-del-dia:540] No seas un maniquí

Fotos de vijay

Sunday and Festival Darshans

Domingo, 08 de noviembre del 2009

PENSAMIENTO DEL DÍA: No seas un maniquí

Enviado desde el Ashram Bhaktivedanta en Austin, Texas, EE.UU.

No seas un maniquí. Utiliza la inteligencia avanzada que es tuya en esta forma humana para liberarte de las garras del nacimiento, vejez, enfermedad y muerte. Por supuesto la ciencia moderna está tratando de conseguir esto por investigación científica. Pero la dificultad es que tratan de resolver estos problemas al ir en contra de las leyes de la naturaleza en lugar de actuar en armonía con ellas. En otras palabras, detrás de las leyes rigurosas de la naturaleza material hay una naturaleza más elevada bajo la cual la naturaleza material actúa. Al sincronizarnos con esa naturaleza más elevada podemos fácilmente conquistar la naturaleza material y alcanzar la inmortalidad.

Sankarshan Das Adhikari


Pregunta: ¿Naturaleza injusta de Krishna?


He estado escribiéndole ocasionalmente por los pasados pocos años y fui bendecido lo suficiente al recibir una respuesta tranquilizadora.

Pienso que tengo uno prejuicio contra el Señor Krishna como mi mente muchas veces ha analizado que la secuencia de eventos en el Mahabharata Lo muestran en mala luz en algunos casos. De las películas y series televisivas que he visto, Él actúa o es visto hacer que otros actúen engañosamente.

Solicito por favor que me permita conocer:

a) ¿Por qué el Señor no está tomando una forma cuando el nivel de injusticia tiene un crecimiento múltiple en términos de calidad y cantidad?

b) ¿Hay una prohibición en cantar el Mantra Hare Krishna en la noche?

c) Entiendo que usted ha estado escribiendo en estas columnas que debe haber una fuente para la creación de este mundo y nada viene sin una fuente. No entiendo esto apropiadamente, tal proposición implicará que hay una fuente para el Señor y otra fuente para esa fuente y así sucesivamente. Allí tiene que haber un punto donde algo viene a entrar en la existencia por sí misma. Dado que Dios no es visto o percibido por la mayoría de nosotros (no estoy incluyéndolo a usted o a otras personas nobles), ¿Cuál seria la respuesta para el argumento que el mundo material llega a entrar en la existencia por si mismo y que no hay Dios o cualquier otra fuerza?

d) Finalmente, he cometido ciertos pecados a lo largo de mi vida y el pensamiento de tomar un renacimiento (para expiar estos pecados) realmente me entristece sin límite. Y la probabilidad de cometer más pecados es mucho más elevada en los siguientes nacimientos que en el presente puesto que algunos de los pecados se han vuelto tan comunes que ya no los consideramos como pecados.

Saludos respetuosos,

Su lector

Respuesta: Krishna es la Justicia Suprema personificada

Estoy feliz que eres tranquilizado por nuestras respuestas. Esto es como debe ser porque estamos simplemente repitiendo la Verdad Absoluta como es revelada por el Señor Krishna sin ninguna adulteración.

No estamos destinados a entender a Krishna de la TV y el cine porque Krishna solo puede ser entendido correctamente cuando escuchamos sobre Él de los labios de Sus devotos puros. Con respecto a que percibes la inmoralidad de Krishna, ¿Mentirías para salvar la vida de un amigo que fue secuestrado por terroristas? Tienes que entender que todo lo que Krishna hace es en servicio amoroso a Sus devotos. Dado que Él es la persona original, Él no está obligado a seguir nuestros principios de moralidad. Él siempre actúa de acuerdo al promedio más elevado de los principios morales sobre la plataforma absoluta.

Aquí están tus preguntas con las respuestas:

a) ¿Por qué el Señor no está tomando una forma cuando el nivel de injusticia tiene un crecimiento múltiple en términos de calidad y cantidad?

Respuesta: Krishna ha tomado ahora una forma para poner un alto al mal en el mundo. Él está ahora manifestado sobre este planeta en la forma del movimiento de conciencia de Krishna. Por lo tanto estamos solicitándote que dediques tu vida tanto como sea posible en asistir a este movimiento para llevar a cabo una revolución espiritual sobre este planeta.

b) ¿Hay una prohibición en cantar el Mantra Hare Krishna en la noche?

Respuesta: El Señor Caitanya dijo que no hay reglas estrictas con respecto a cantar Hare Krishna. Por lo tanto eres bienvenido a cantar el mantra

Hare Krishna las 24 horas del día en todas y cada una de las situaciones.

c) Entiendo que usted ha estado escribiendo en estas columnas que debería haber una fuente para la creación de este mundo y nada viene sin una fuente. No entiendo esto apropiadamente, tal proposición implicará que hay una fuente para el Señor y otra fuente para esa fuente y así sucesivamente. Allí tiene que haber un punto donde algo viene a entrar en la existencia por sí misma. Dado que Dios no es visto o percibido por la mayoría de nosotros (no estoy incluyéndolo a usted o a otras personas nobles), ¿Cuál seria la respuesta para el argumento que el mundo material llega a entrar en la existencia por sí mismo y que no hay Dios o cualquier otra fuerza?

Respuesta: Dios por definición es la fuente de toda la existencia. Y dado que todo tiene una causa, en el caso de Dios Él debe ser la misma causa de Su propia existencia. En otras palabras, Él es auto manifestado. Está confirmado en el Brahma Samhita que Krishna o Dios no tiene origen y que Él es el origen de todo. Si este mundo material fuera auto manifestado, seria Dios. Pero este mundo material es energía impersonal. Justo como el oro no puede ser producido de una mina sin oro, las personas no pueden ser producidas de una fuente de existencia impersonal. Dado que las personas existen, la causa original de toda la existencia debe poseer personalidad y así ser una persona. Y dado que esa persona debe ser necesariamente la fuente de todas las opulencias, Él es naturalmente la Persona Suprema. En otras palabras, la existencia de la Persona Suprema es lógica, y Su no existencia seria ilógico. Y esto está confirmado en las autoritativas escrituras Védicas.

d) Finalmente, he cometido ciertos pecados a lo largo de mi vida y el pensamiento de tomar un renacimiento (para expiar estos pecados) realmente me entristece sin límite. Y la probabilidad de cometer más pecados es mucho más elevada en los siguientes nacimientos que en el presente puesto que algunos de los pecados se han vuelto tan comunes que ya no los consideramos como pecados.

Respuesta: Todo lo que tienes que hacer es rendirte totalmente a Krishna. De esta manera no tendrás que tomar nacimiento de nuevo en este mundo material. No hay otra expiación que sea más efectiva. Ni hay otra expiación que sea necesaria. Esta rendición total a Krishna automáticamente te liberará de todos tus pecados pasados desde aun millones y billones de nacimientos y permitirte morar eternamente en el dominio de la felicidad ilimitada, el mundo Vaikuntha.

Sankarshan Das Adhikari


Derecho de propiedad literaria 2005-2007 por www.UltimateSelfRealization.Com

Estás autorizado para distribuir libremente este conocimiento alrededor del

mundo con tal de que des a conocer su fuente dando el link para mencionar

nuestra página señalada en:


Traducción del inglés por cortesía de:

Wilmer Alberto Estrada Morales


Redacción y gramática revisadas por:

Caitanyadeva das

San José, Costa Rica

Ceremonia de iniciación en Lituania

(durante la celebración de Nrisimha Chaturdasi)

VISITE LA SECCIÓN: Curso de la Máxima Autorrealización


Esta semana -

Clase del Bhagavad-gita: Lección 119



Nuevo nombre del sitio de Sankarshan Das Adhikari en Español



Las clases que Srila Sankarshan ha dado en Perú y México

están disponibles en el enlace siguiente:




Para recibir variedad de artículos de Conciencia de Krishna, suscríbase al grupo

"Vaisnava_sanga", escribiendo a la dirección:

Has recibido este mensaje porque estás suscrito a Grupo "Pensamiento del Dia" de Grupos de Google.
Si quieres publicar en este grupo, envía un mensaje de correo
electrónico a
Para anular la suscripción a este grupo, envía un mensaje a
Para obtener más opciones, visita este grupo en


Cuadro General

Disculpen las Molestias

Devotees Vaishnavas | Dandavat pranams - All glories to Srila Prabhupada | Dandavat pranams | SWAMIS

Correo Vaishnava

Mi foto
Correo Devocional

Archivo del blog