domingo, 23 de mayo de 2010

The Gopies glorify the Song of Krishna's Flute

The beautiful autumn season in Shri dham Vrindavana.

The Vrindavana forest was filled with transparent autumnal waters and cooled by breezes perfumed with the fragrance of lotus flowers growing in the clear lakes. Since autumn comes after the rainy season, the ponds and rivers are filled with pure water and the lotuses are in full bloom. The bees are “kissing” the flowers as they fly here and there drinking nectar. The air is full and heavy with the fragrance of the various blossoms beli, cameli, juhi and others.

Intoxicated bees were humming here and there amidst the rows of lush green trees filled with beautiful fragrant flowers. All the lakes, rivers and hills of the forest resounded with the sweet and melodious cooing of the flocks of various birds.

It is in this Vrindavana that Krishna and the gopas and cows enter the forest every morning. Balarama is also with Him. The gopas watch Krishna and His friends enter the forest from their homes, and then amongst their friends who share the same moods in love for Krishna, they discuss His pastimes.
Krishna entered the forest of Vrindavana with the cows and cowherd boys. Krishna was
very much pleased with the atmosphere of the forest, where flowers bloomed and bees and drones hummed very jubilantly. While the birds, trees and plants were all looking very happy, Krishna, tending the cows and accompanied by Shri Balarama, who was playing his buffallo horn's flute and the cowherd boys, began to vibrate His transcendental flute.

Madhupati Shri Krishna, accompanied by Baladeva and the gopas, entered that forest and, while grazing the cows, vibrated a mellow, sweet tune upon His alluring flute.

The sound of the flute awakens feelings of love towards Shri Krishna and an intense desire to meet with Him. Shri Krishna controls all living entities with His flute. When the cows hear His flute song, they immediately come running toward Him. Even nature is controlled by Krishna’s flute. As she hears the flute song, all the trees and flowers bloom out of season and create a beautiful atmosphere for loving exchange.

When the gopas hear Shri Krishna’s flute, they think it is beautiful, but the sound of Shri Krishna’s flute has a very different effect on the gopis. Actually, the cows, the gopas and the gopis are all hearing their own names in the sound of the flute. “Krishna is calling me!” Radha hears, “Radhe! Radhe!”. Lalita hears, “Lalite! Lalite!” and each of the cows is hearing her own name and thinking that Krishna is calling her to Him.

Each gopi thinks that the flute song is a representative of Krishna. Krishna has sent the representative in the form of this song which enters their ears and steals their minds and hearts. Then the sound carries those minds and hearts back to Krishna. When the gopis see that their minds and hearts have been stolen by Krishna, they immediately run after the thief who has stolen them. Their only consideration is to pursue the thief.

Thus, the gopis speak amongs themselves, One gopis tells another, “Let’s go see Krishna entering the forest.” But the other sakhi responds, “How can we go? We can’t go. There are so many superiors here. We are newly married so we should be at home.”
After hearing the vibration of the flute of Shri Krishna, the gopies in Vrindavana remembered Him and began to talk amongst themselves about how nicely Krishna was playing His flute.

Another sakhi says, “Being in your husband’s home is like being in jail. And not seeing Krishna when He is going to the forest is worse than being in jail. Let us go at once and see Krishna and drink the nectar coming from His eyes in the form of sidelong glances.”

The first gopi is asking how they can go since their fathers-in-law and mothers-in-law are home. “Don’t speak so loudly”, she says. “If they hear us speaking like this, they will abuse us.”

The second gopi says, “If they weep, we don’t care. What can they do? Everyone is going to see Krishna, whether they are old or young, or ladies or gentlemen, or brahmana or not brahmana. Even the newly married daughters are going. Still, if my sister-in-law or mother-in-law hears that I want to go and see Krishna, she will forbid me. She herself is going but she will tell me to stay at home. She says there is a black snake on the road that will bite me and I will die from the poison.”

Then the first gopi says : “Anyone can drink this nectar by going close to Krishna. Yet so many people are going to see Krishna. How can we be so shameless as to step in front of them as He passes? Let us rather go to a kunja or see Him from a distance. Let us stand somewhere so that Krishna will also see us. We cannot get nearer to Krishna, but if He sees us, we can drink the nectar from His sidelong glances.

The third gopi says : “We can go see Krishna from a distance, but how can we go and drink the adhara-sudh., the honey of Krishna’s lips? Everyone will see us and we will become ashamed.”

Another gopi responds, “Don’t worry. When Krishna looks at us from the corners of His eyes and begs our love from us, we will become mad. Krishna’s glance will remove all our shame. Let us go and then whatever has to happen will happen.”

One Another gopi says, “How will we bear this shame if our husbands, fathers-in-law and other relatives try to stop us, and our superiors in the community abuse us? I don’t think we should go.”

Then another gopi says, “There is no harm in going because Baladeva is also there along with so many other boys. If Krishna is alone, then we will be criticized, but Krishna is with Baladeva, so no one will think badly of us. Baladeva is like our own father or elder brother. And so many of Their companions are also there. We should have no shame.”

Another gopi says, “Yes, we can go there, but I think that when we see Krishna, we will be so attracted that we will become mad and lose our patience. Anyway, let us go. Whatever happens will not be in our control.”

First all the gopis says that they should not go to see Krishna and drink the nectar of his lips, but then they decide that they should go and watch Krishna and Balarama from a distance by concealing themselves in the bushes. In this way, they will see Krishna and Balarama playing and see how beautiful Krishna is. They will also be able to hear His flute song and see Him dance, and then they will return to their homes.

Thus gopis of Vraja began to describe the sweetness of the sound of Shri Krishna’s flute among themselves, but as soon as they remembered the flute, they were overpowered with strong feelings of affection for their beloved, Shri Krishna. Thus they remembered His charming activities, His artistically curved eyebrows, His compelling glance filled with love, and His sweet, mild smiling. Their hearts became filled with an intense desire to meet with Shyma. They completely lost control of their minds and at once they arrived before Shri Krishna within their hearts. Their voices became choked up with ecstasy and thus they were unable to describe Him.
When Krishna plays on his transcendental flute, the moving creatures become stunned and stop their activities, and the nonmoving living creatures, like trees and plants, begin to shiver with ecstasy.

The gopis began to see Shri Krishna within their minds. Accompanied by His cowherd boyfriends, Shri Krishna entered the charming forest of Vrindavana. His head was decorated with a peacock feather. He wore yellow “Karnikara” flowers over His ears, a golden yellow garment on His body, and a beautiful, fragrant vaijayanti garland about His neck. Shri Krishna exhibited His supremely captivating appearance, just like the best of dancers performing upon a stage. He filled up the holes of His flute with the nectar of His lips. The cowherd boys followed behind Him singing His glories which purify the entire world. In this way, the forest of Vrindadavana manifested even greater splendor than Vaikuntha, due to being beautified by the marks of Shri Krishna’s lotus feet.

The sound of Krishna’s flute steals the minds of all living beings, both animate and inanimate. When the young gopis of Vraja heard that sound, they began to describe it. The gopis ears are like cups filling up with nectar. When they overflow, they begin to discuss Krishna’s pastimes and qualities among other gopis of a similar bhava. They talk about Krishna, about His flute, everything about Krishna. Krishna has already entered the forest and they cannot actually hear the flute song, but they hear it in their minds. As they went on describing the sound of the flute, they entered a state of ecstatic trance and became completely absorbed in thoughts of Shri Krishna. Within their hearts, they began to embrace Shri Krishna who is the embodiment of all rasa and the reservoir of supreme spiritual bliss.
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.7)

The gopis began to speak among themselves: ”O Sakhis! We think that for those who have eyes, there is but one thing which is a suitable object of vision. Success of the eyes lies in beholding this object alone; we know of no other. And what is that most precious object of attainment for the eyes? It is the vision of the two sons of Maharaja Nanda, Shri Krishna and Baladeva, accompanied by the gopas, as They enter the forest taking the cows, or as They bring them back to Vrindavana. They hold Their flutes to Their lips and look upon us with mild smiles and amorous sidelong glances filled with love. At that time, we drink the sweetness of Their faces.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.8)

“O Sakhi! When dark-complexioned Shri Krishna, dressed in yellow garments, and fair-complexioned Baladeva, dressed in blue garments, decorate Themselves with newly grown mango blossoms, peacock feathers, clusters of flowers, and garlands of multicolored lotuses and lilies, Their appearance becomes astonishing. They sit down right in the middle of the assembly of cowherd boys and sing the sweetest of songs. O priya sakhi! At such times, They look just like two incomparably beautiful and expert dancers performing on a dramatic stage. What am I to say of the splendor of Their appearance at such times?”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.9)

“O My Dear Sakhis! Although the flute is male, we cannot imagine what sort of sadhana and bhajana he must have performed in his previous births that in our very presence it is drinking the nectar of Damodara’s lips, which rightfully belongs to us alone. He is not even sparing a drop of that rasa for us. On the pretext of their blossoming lotus flowers, the rivers, which have nourished the flute with their water (rasa), are exhibiting symptoms of ecstatic horripilation.
The blessed transcendental flute of Shri Krishna.

The trees, who are forefathers of the flute, are equal to the best of men. Seeing their descendant filled with such intense love for the Lord, they have become overjoyed, and tears of ecstasy are flowing from their eyes.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.10)

“O Sakhi! This Shri Vrindavana, which is even greater than Vaikuntha, is enhancing the fame of the Earth planet. This is due to being splendidly decorated with the marks of the lotus feet of Damodara Shri Krishna, the son of Yasoda. When Shri Krishna plays a melody on His flute, which captivates the three worlds, the peacocks become intoxicated and begin to dance to its tune. Seeing and hearing this, all the birds, animals and other moving living entities on Govardhana Hill become stunned silent and remain sitting or standing without moving, forgetting all their activities.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.11)

“O Sakhi! When our dearmost Nanda-nandana Shri Krishna dresses Himself in a most extraordinary fashion and plays upon His flute, then even the foolish deer, hearing the melody of the flute, approach Nanda-nandana along with their husbands (who are known as the krishna-sara deer) and begin to glance upon Him very affectionately with their large eyes. We know the meaning of their glancing.
Just see the deer! Although they are dumb animals, they have approached Shri Krishna. Not only are they attracted by the dress of Krishna but as soon as they hear the playing of the flute, the deer, along with their husbands, offer respectful obeisances unto the Lord by looking at Him with great affection.

With their enormous eyes, expanded like the petals of a lotus flower, they are offering worship at the lotus feet of Shri Krishna and accepting His invitation, which He extends by casting loving, sidelong glances. Truly, the lives of these deer are blessed. (Although we are gopis of Vrindavana, we are not able to offer ourselves freely to Krishna in the same manner as the deer, for our husbands and elders restrain us and beat us – what an absurdity!)
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.12)

“O Sakhi! Not to speak of the deer, when the wives of the demigods see Shri Krishna, who is a treasury of all beauty and character and a festival of bliss for all young women, and when they hear the sweet, variegated melodies He plays upon His flute, their intelligence becomes stunned and they fall down unconscious in their airplanes, right in front of their husbands. How do I know this, O friend? Just hear! When their hearts become possessed of an intense desire to meet with Shri Krishna, they become so bewildered that they cannot even detect that the flowers braided in their hair are falling upon the surface of the earth. What’s more, they don’t even know that their saris are slipping from their waists and falling to the ground.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.13)

Some other Sakhi said: “O friend! Why are you speaking about the devis? Have you not seen the cows?When our dearest beloved Shri Krishna fills the holes of the flute with the sound flowing from His mouth and the cows hear that sweet music, they turn their ears upward and indiscriminately drink that nectar with the cups of their ears. In this way, they are tasting the sweetness of that music. Why is that so, O friend? Taking beloved Govinda into their hearts through the doorway of their eyes, they seat Him there and embrace Him within their minds. Just see for yourself, the truth of my words! Tears of joy are gushing out from their eyes. The condition of their calves is indeed strange. Even though milk is flowing automatically from the udders of the cows, the calves, while in the midst of drinking that milk, suddenly hear the sound of the flute. At that moment the calves are neither able to spit out nor swallow the milk which they have taken in their mouths. They also take Shri Krishna within their hearts and embrace Him. By obtaining the touch of the soft limbs of Shri Krishna, their eyes overflow with tears of joy, and they stand still, exactly as they were.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.14)

“O Sakhi! Never mind this ordinary talk about cows and calves. Have you not seen the birds of Vrindavana? To call them birds is certainly a mistake. Truly speaking, most of them are exalted Rishis and Munis. They are sitting quietly in the beautiful green trees of Vrindavana, upon branches that are sprouting many charming new blossoms. But these Rishis and Munis do not close their eyes. They gaze continuously with unblinking eyes at the sweetness of Krishna’s form, and taking in His sidelong glances laden with love, they become delighted. Ignoring all other types of sounds, they begin to hear Krishna’s captivating voice and the music of His flute which enchants the three worlds. My Dear Sakhi! How fortunate their life is. (Alas! How unfortunate we are. Our birth has become spoiled, our eyes useless. Where lies our fortune to behold the beautiful form of Krishna?)”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.15)

Some other gopi said: “O Sakhi! Why do you speak of the devis, cows and birds? They are all animate living beings. Have you not seen the inanimate rivers? By the whirlpools that are seen in them, it is understood that within their hearts surges an intense desire to meet with shyamasundara. The flow of the rivers has been stopped by this intense emotional agitation.
The river Yamuna, being desirous to embrace the lotus feet of Krishna after hearing the
transcendental vibration of His flute, broke her fierce waves to flow very nicely. And the clouds in the sky appeared in sympathy above Krishna while He engaged in blowing His flute. The clouds served as a soothing umbrella over His head just to make friendship with Krishna.

They have also heard the sound of our beloved Krishna’s flute. Just see! Just see! With the arms of their waves, they have caught hold of His lotus feet and are presenting offerings of lotus flowers. They are embracing His lotus feet just as if they were offering their hearts to Him.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.16)

“O Sakhi! These rivers also belong to our Vrindavana. Therefore, it is not very astonishing that they have offered their everything at the lotus feet of Shri Krishna. Please consider the clouds for a moment. When they see the prince of Vraja, Shri Krishna, and Shri Balarama, accompanied by the cowherd boys, herding the cows in the heat of summer, and when they hear Shri Krishna playing very sweetly on His flute, their hearts overflow with love. The clouds begin to hover above them. By extending their body, the new black clouds (shyamaghana) become an umbrella to give shelter to their friend Ghanashyama. Moreover, when the clouds begin to rain tiny drops of water upon them, it seems that they are showering them with beautiful white flowers. Yet this is but a pretext; for by doing so, they are, in fact, offering their life and their everything.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.17)

Some other Vraja gopi said: “O Sakhis! We consider the young aborigine women (Pulindis) to be truly blessed and successful because they possess extraordinary attachment (anuraga) for Shri Krishna within their hearts. When they see our dearmost beloved Krishna, then an intense desire to meet with Shri Krishna is aroused within their hearts. Their hearts are struck with the disease of love. At that time, they smear their breasts and faces with the reddish kumkuma powder collected from the grass of Vrindavana. The beloved gopis of Krishna adorn their breasts with this kumkuma powder. It then becomes affixed to Shri Krishna’s lotus feet. When Shyamasundara walks about Vrindavana, the grass becomes covered with this powder. The supremely fortunate Pulind. girls then smear their breasts and faces with this powder. In this way they alleviate the anguish of their love.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.18)

“O Sakhis! This Giriraja Govardhana is the best of all the devotees of Shri Harideva Krishna. How fortunate he is indeed! Have you not seen how elated he is to obtain the touch of the lotus feet of Shri Krishna, who is Prana-vallabha, dearer to us than life, and those of Shri Baladeva who is nayanabhirama, the source of delight for the eyes? Who can adequately praise his fortune?
The blessed Govardhana is always in touch with the lotus feet of the Lord. And because Govardhana Hill is so obliged to Lord Krishna, it is supplying different kinds of fruits, roots and herbs, as well as very pleasing crystal water from its lakes, in presentation to the Lord.

Just see how graciously he receives all the cows and cowherd boyfriends of Krishna and Balarama. He supplies cool, clear and sweet water for bathing and drinking, soft green grass for the cows, caves for them to rest in, and fruits and roots for them to eat. Truly, this Giriraja Govardhana is blessed.”
Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran (10.21.19)

Another gopi says: “O Sakhis! The movements of these two youths (Krishna and Balarama), one dark and one fair (Shyama-Gaura), is certainly unique. On Their turbans, They have rolled up one type of rope for binding the legs of the cows at the time of milking. On Their shoulders, They hang another type of rope for catching the cows who run away. They play on Their flutes and sing sweet songs with the cowherd boys as They lead the cows from one forest to another. At such times, to say nothing of the human beings, even the other moving living entities such as the animals and birds, as well as the rivers, become stunned and the nonmoving trees shiver with ecstasy. What more shall I tell you of the extraordinary wonders of the flute?”

Thus, Everyday the gopis, being deeply immersed in prema, discuss among themselves the innumerable pastimes of Shri Krishna who plays in the forests of Vrindavana. By doing so, they enter a state of ecstatic trance of meditation upon Him. In this way, the pastimes of the Lord continuously manifest within their hearts.

While Shri Krishna was engaged in tending the cows in the forest of Vrindavana or on Govardhana Hill, the gopies in the village were always absorbed in thinking of Him and discussing His different pastimes. This is the perfect example of Krishna consciousness: to somehow or other remain always engrossed in thoughts of Krishna.

The vivid example is always present in the behavior of the gopies; therefore Shri Caitanya Mahaprabhu declared that no one can worship the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna by any method which is better than the method of the gopies. The gopies were not born in very high brahmana or kshatriya families; they were born in the families of vaisyas, and not in big mercantile communities but in the families of cowherd men. They were not very well educated, although they heard all sorts of knowledge from the brahmanas, the authorities of Vedic knowledge. The gopies only purpose was to remain always absorbed in thoughts of Krishna.

---------------------------------!! जय जय श्री गोपीनाथ !!------------------------------

This Holy Katha's Soure:
Srimad Bhagwatam
by disciples of
Shri A. C. Vedanta Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Actualizado hace aproximadamente 2 meses

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