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The Gopis



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The Gopis

Srimati Radharani
por Srimati Radharani el jueves, 03 de diciembre de 2009 a las 17:44



The Gopis



The sadhana siddha gopis, such as the Dandakaranya sages and other perfected devotees became gopis by engaging in devotional service. The nitya-siddhas (nitya priya) gopis, such as Radharani or Candravali, are eternally liberated gopis. “The pastimes of Srimati Radharani and Krishna are self-effulgent. They are happiness personified, unlimited and all-powerful. Even so the spiritual humors of such pastimes are never complete without the gopis, the Lord’s personal friends. Without the gopis, these pastimes between Radha and Krishna cannot be nourished.” (Caitanya Caritamrita Madhya 8.203) “The personal associates of Radharani, the gopi damsels of Vraja, are direct expansions of Her body. These expansions of Srimati Radharani are necessary for enhancing the pleasure potency of Sri Krishna. Their transcendental exchanges of love are the superexcellent affairs of the pastimes of Vrindavana. By the expansions of Srimati Radharani’s personal body, She helps Lord Krishna taste the rasa-dance and similar other activities.” (Caitanya Caritamrita Adi 4.81 purport) “All the other gopis help increase the joy of Krishna’s pastimes with Radharani. The gopis act as instruments of Their mutual enjoyment.” (Caitanya Caritamrita Adi 4.217)



Eight Main Gopis (Asta Sakhis) These eight are the leaders of all the other gopis. They always serve Radha and try to please Her in every way. They are the dearest and most beloved friends of Srimati Radharani. Rupa Gosvami describes the qualities of the eight main gopis in Radha Krishna Ganodesa Dipika.



1. Lalita Sakhi
2. Visakha Sakhi
3. Campakalata Sakhi
4. Citra Sakhi
5. Tungavidya Sakhi
6. Indulekha Sakhi
7. Rangadevi Sakhi
8. Sudevi Sakhi


Candravali: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is Srimati Radharani main competitor for the attention of Krishna. Srimati Radharani is her cousin. Candravali is the daughter of Candrabhanu, who is the brother of Vrishabhanu. She lived in the village of Sakhi Sthali near Govardhana Hill with her husband Govardhana Malla. Out of the hundreds of thousands of gopis, eight are considered most prominent.




They are: Radharani, Candravali, Lalita, Vishakha, Padma, Bhadra, Saibya and Syama. Of these two Radharani and Candravali are considered most dear. Of these two Radharani is the most dear to Krishna.



Lalita Sakti: (sáns. vaiëòava). Of the eight sakhis (main gopis) Lalita Devi in the main sakhi. She is 27 days older than Srimati Radharani. She is the leader and best of the eight main gopis. She is the constant companion and follower of Srimati Radharani. She is a dear friend of Srimati Radharani. She has a contradictory and hot-tempered nature. Her complexion is bright yellow. Her garments are the color of peacock feathers. She is expert at arranging both the meeting of Radha and Krishna and their conjugal fights. Her mother is Saradi Devi and her father is Vishoka. Her husband is Bhairava, who is a close friend of Govardhana Malla, the husband of Candravali.



Visakha Sakhi: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is the second most important gopi of the eight main gopis. Her attributes are much like Lalita Devi. She was born at exactly the same time as Radharani appeared. Her complexion is like lighting and her garments are decorated with stars. She carries messages between Radha and Krishna, and is the most expert gopi messenger. Her father’s name is Pavana, mother is Dakshina and her husband is Vahika. She is said to be from the village of Kamai.



Campakalata Sakhi: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is one day younger than Radharani. Her complexion is the color of a yellow campaka flower and she wears garments the color of a blue jay’s feather. She is expert in logical persuasion and is a diplomat, skilled in thwarting Radha’s competitors. She is an expert sweet cook and an artistic potter. Her father is Arama, mother is Batika, and husband is Candaksha. She is said to be from the village of Sunthera.




Citra Sakhi: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is 26 days older than Radharani. She has a red complexion like kumkum and wears crystal colored garments. Citra can read between the lines and understand an author’s hidden intentions. She has a very mild nature and has a saffron complexion. She is a trained cook and can make a variety of nectar drinks. She is learned in astronomy and astrology, and is a skilled gardener. She makes garlands. Her father’s name is Catura, Mother Carvika and husband is Pithara. She is said to be from the village of Chiksoli, 1½ km southwest of Varsana.



Tungavidya Sakhi: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is 15 days younger than Srimati Radharani. She is the color of kumkum and wears white garments. Tungavidya is hot tempered. She is learned in eighteen branches of Vedic knowledge. She is a celebrated music teacher, and an expert singer and vina player. She is expert at arranging the meeting of Radha and Krishna. Her birthplace is said to be the village of Dabharo (Damala). Her father is Paushkara, Mother is Medha and husband is Balisha.



Indulekha Sakhi : (sáns. vaiëòava). She is three days younger than Srimati Radharani. She has a tan complexion and wears garments that are pomegranate color. She displays a hot temper and a contrary nature. She carries messages that cause Radha and Krishna to be attracted to each other and she knows Radha and Krishna’s confidential secrets. She knows the science of palmistry and gemology. Her father’s name is Sagara, mother is Bela and husband is Durbala. She is said to be from the village of Anjanak.




Rangadevi Sakhi : (sáns. vaiëòava). She is seven days younger than Srimati Radharani. She has a complexion that is similar to the hue of a lotus filament and wears garments that are the color of a rose. She has a “bama”, contrary and hot-tempered nature. She jokes with Radha in front of Krishna. She is expert in using perfumes and cosmetics, and burning fragrant incenses. Because of previous austerities she knows a mantra that can attract Krishna.



Sudevi Sakhi: (sáns. vaiëòava). She looks so much like Srimati Radharani that she is mistaken for being Her sister. She has a golden complexion and wears coral color clothing. She is always beside Radharani and arranges Her hair, decorates Her eyes and massages Her. She is expert at training parrots, oil body massages, reading omens, gardening and decorating couches. Her father’s name is Rangasara and mother’s is Karuna. She is said to be from the village of Bajhera. Rangadevi is her twin sister.




Ananga Manjari: (sáns. vaiëòava). She is the younger sister of Srimati Radharani. She follows her sister like a shadow. She is thirteen years old and her complexion is gold colored. She wears clothes the color of a blue lotus flower. She serves both as a maid servant manjari and as a gopi group leader. Ananga Manjari is an expansion of Balarama to serve Krishna in the intimate conjugal pastimes.



Manjaris



The manjaris are 10 to 14 years old, which is a few years younger than Srimati Radharani. The manjaris do not mix with Krishna directly. Their sole purpose is to unite Radha and Krishna and render various services. The Six Gosvamis have manjari forms. Sri Rupa Manjari (Rupa Gosvami) is directly under Lalita sakhi, who oversees thousands of manjaris. “It is very difficult to express the manjaris’ dealing with Krishna because they have no desire to mix with Krishna or to enjoy Him personally. Rather, they are always ready to help Radharani associate with Krishna. Their affection for Krishna and Radharani is so pure that they are simply satisfied when Radha and Krishna are together. Indeed their transcendental pleasure is in seeing Radha and Krishna united. The actual form of Radharani is just like a creeper embracing the tree of Krishna, and the damsels of Braja, the associates of Radharani, are just like the leaves and flowers of that creeper.” (Teaching of Lord Caitanya)



Eight main manjaris are Rupa Manjari, Rati Manjari, Rasa Manjari, Labanga Manjari, Guna Manjari, Manjulali Manjari, Kasturi Manjari, Vilasa Manjari.




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