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Location of Adilabad
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 19°40′N 78°32′E / 19.67°N 78.53°E / 19.67; 78.53
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Adilabad
Population 108,233 (2006)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

• 264 m (866 ft)

See Adilabad district for information related to the district.

Adilabad (Telugu: అదిలాబాదు, Urdu: آدل آباد), is a town and a municipality in Adilabad district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It has a population of 108,233 (agglomeration 2,58,233) (2006 census). It is the headquarters of the district of the same name.



[edit] History

Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. During Rashtrakuta regime, this town/village was known as Edlawada which means "land of Oxen" It was created out of a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur in 1905.

Historically, Adilabad has been home to a variety of cultures. Owing to its position at the border of central and southern India, it has been ruled by North Indian dynasties like the Mughals and the Mauryas and South Indian dynasties like the Satavahanas and the Chalukyas. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements of the neighboring Marathi culture into the native Telugu culture.

[edit] Geography

Adilabad is located at 19°40′N 78°32′E / 19.67°N 78.53°E / 19.67; 78.53.[1] It has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet).

[edit] Transport

Adilabad was a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Adilabad now comes under Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. It has direct train connectivity with Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Nanded, Vijayawada, Nellore, Renigunta, Tirupati, Patna, Nagpur, Nasik, Mumbai CST, Warangal, Khammam, Tenali, Ongole, Aurangabad, Manmad etc.

National Highway 7 (the largest NH in India) passes through Adilabad making the road transport most easy. It is well connected to rest of India by road. Hyderabad is 280 km from here. Adilabad had an air strip which was destroyed by the Indian air force at the time of police action in 1948. The nearest airport is Nagpur but Hyderabad is most preferred.

[edit] Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Adilabad had a population of 108,233. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Adilabad has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Telugu is the administrative language, and is also widely spoken. The other languages spoken are Urdu, Hindi, Kannada and Marathi. The town has a predominant Hindu population with a considerable Muslim population.

[edit] Parliamentary Constituency

Adilabad is a Loksabha Constituency.

List of Elected Members:

  • 1957 - K. Ashanna
  • 1962 - Narayan G Reddy
  • 1967 and 1971 - P. Ganga Reddy
  • 1977 and 1980 - G. Narsimha Reddy
  • 1984 - C. Madhava Reddi
  • 1989 - P. Narsa Reddy
  • 1991 - Allola Indrakaran Reddy
  • 1996, 1998 and 1999 - Dr. Samudrala Venugopal Chary
  • 2004 - Madhusudhan Reddy Takkala
  • 2008 - Allola Indrakaran Reddy
  • 2009 - Ramesh Rathod

[edit] Assembly Constituency

Adilabad is a Legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There are 181,966 registered voters in Adilabad constituency in 1999 elections.

List of Elected Members:[3]

  • 1952 - Sirga Daji Shankar Rao (Communist Party of India)
  • 1957 - Rangnath Rao (PDF)
  • 1962 - Vithal Rao - Independent
  • 1967 - K. Ramkishtoo (Communist Party of India)
  • 1972 - Masood Ahmed - INC
  • 1978 - Chilukuri Ramachandra Reddy (Independent)
  • 1983 - Chilukuri Vaman Reddy TDP
  • 1985 - Chilukuri Ramachandra Reddy INC
  • 1989 - Chilukuri Ramachandra Reddy INC
  • 1994 - Chilukuri Vaman Reddy TDP
  • 1999 - Padala Bhumanna - TDP
  • 2004 - Chilukuri Ramachandra Reddy - INC
  • 2009 - Jogu Ramanna TDP

[edit] References

[edit] External links

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