viernes, 30 de julio de 2010


Uttara-mîmâêsâ - the philosophy established by Vyâsadeva dealing with the latter division of the Vedas (see Vyâsa in the Glossary of Names). After thorough analysis of the Upaniëads, which comprise the latter portion of the Vedas, and the smèti-äâstras which are supplements to the Upaniëads, Vyâsadeva summarized the philosophical conclusions of those treatises in his Brahma-sûtra. This Brahma-sûtra, or Vedânta-sûtra, is also known as vedânta-daräana or uttara-mîmâêsâ.

Like the other philosophical systems, vedânta-daräana accepts certain fundamental principles. The principles of the vedântadaräana are not the imagination of Vyâsadeva, but are established on the basis of the apauruëeya-veda-äâstras, which are understood to have been spoken directly by Ärî Bhagavân. The statements of Bhagavân are by definition completely free from the defects of mistakes, illusion, cheating, and imperfect senses. On the other hand, the fundamental principles which are accepted in the other systems are products of their authors’ imaginations. The other systems are based on man-made äâstras, composed by greatly learned sages. As a result they are subject to the defects of human limitation.

The vedânta-daräana accepts brahma as the supreme fundamental truth. What is the nature of that brahma? The first sûtra of vedântadaräana states: athâto brahma-jijñâsâ – “Now, therefore, inquiry should be made into brahma.” The entire vedânta-daräana is presented in order to answer this inquiry. In the course of analyzing what brahma is, one also becomes acquainted with the truths of the jîvas, the creation, liberation, and other such topics. As this is a vast subject matter, only a brief introduction has been given here.


Udita-viveka - one whose spiritual discrimination has been awakened; the spiritually awake.

Upacâra - a figurative expression; assignment of meaning, quality, or appellation to something, metaphor.

Upakaraòa - (1) ingredient, constituting material, instrument. (2) the upakaraòas of rasa are the ingredients which combine to produce rasa; namely, sthâyîbhâva, vibhâva, anubhâva, sâttvika-bhâva, and vyâbhicârî-bhâva. (3) upakaraòa may also refer to the paraphernalia which is offered to the Deity.

Upanayana - a ceremony in which a guru initiates a boy into one of the three twice-born classes by investing the boy with the sacred thread, and teaching him the Brahma-gâyatrî mantra, whereupon he becomes eligible to study the Vedas under his guru. This is one of the Vedic saêskâras, or purificatory ceremonies.

Upâsanâ - spiritual practices, especially worship of the Deity.

Upâsanâ literally means ‘to sit near’. Thus upâsanâ refers to all those activities by which one approaches the Lord in order to offer worship.

Ürddhva-puòàra-tilaka - the vertical clay markings of the Vaiëòavas worn on the forehead and other parts of the body to symbolize their devotion to Lord Kèëòa or Viëòu.

Uttama-bhakta - the topmost practitioner of bhakti.

Fuentes - Fonts

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