viernes, 23 de abril de 2010




Añadida el 30 de marzo

Añadida el 30 de marzo

Janaloka - a planet situated above Maharloka. It is obtained by the naiñöhika brahmacäris, those who accept a life-long vow of celibacy (unlike the upakurväëa brahmacäris who enter the gåhastha-äçrama after completing their studies). At the time of the partial devastation of the universe, occurring at the end of Brahmä’s day, the three worlds, Bhü, Bhuva, and Svarga, are consumed by flames. Although Maharloka, the planet immediately above Svarga, is not destroyed, the residents of Maharloka are afflicted by the heat which is raging below, and thus they go to Janaloka. The residents of Janaloka are not troubled by the flames which destroy the lower planets at the time of partial annihilation, yet they do experience unease when witnessing the devastation that takes place on the planets beneath them.

Janaloka - planeta situado por encima de Maharloka. Lo alcanzan los naiñöhika brahmacäris, aquellos que aceptan el voto de celibato de por vida (a diferencia de los upakurväëa brahmacäris que entran en el gåhastha-äçrama una vez finalizados sus estudios). En el momento de la devastación del universo, que tiene lugar al final del día de Brahmä, los tres mundos - Bhü, Bhuva y Svarga – son consumidos por las llamas. Aunque Maharloka, el planeta que está justo encima de Svarga, no es destruido, sus residentes padecen del calor que proviene de abajo, y por lo tanto van a Janaloka. Los habitantes de Janaloka no son molestados por el calor que destruye los planetas inferiores en el momento de la aniquilación parcial, aunque experimentan consternación viendo la devastación que tiene lugar en ellos. (purebhakti)

The Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, [1840], at

Extent and situation of the seven spheres, viz. earth, sky, planets, Mahar-loka, Janaloka, Tapo-loka, and Satya-loka. Of the egg of Brahmá, and its elementary envelopes. Of the influence of the energy of Vishńu.

MAITREYA.--The sphere of the whole earth has been described to me by you, excellent Brahman, and I am now desirous to hear an account of the other spheres above the world, the Bhuvar-loka and the rest, and the situation and the dimensions of the celestial luminaries.

PARÁŚARA. The sphere of the earth (or Bhúr-loka), comprehending its oceans, mountains, and rivers, extends as far as it is illuminated by the rays of the sun and moon; and to the same extent, both in diameter and circumference, the sphere of the sky (Bhuvar-loka) spreads above it (as far upwards as to the planetary sphere, or Swar-loka) 1. The solar orb is situated a hundred thousand leagues from the earth; and that of the moon an equal distance from the sun. At the same interval above the moon occurs the orbit of all the lunar constellations. The planet Budha (Mercury) is two hundred thousand leagues above the lunar mansions. Śukra (Venus) is at the same distance from Mercury. Angáraka (Mars) is as far above Venus; and the priest of the gods (Vrihaspati, or Jupiter) as far from Mars: whilst Saturn (Sani) is two hundred and fifty thousand leagues beyond Jupiter. The sphere of the seven Rishis (Ursa Major) is a hundred thousand leagues above Saturn; and at a similar height above the seven Rishis is Dhruva (the pole-star), the pivot or axis of the whole planetary circle. Such, Maitreya, is the elevation of the three spheres (Bhúr, Bhuvar, Swar) which form the region of the consequences of works. The region of works is here (or in the land of Bhárata) 2.

p. 213

Above Dhruva, at the distance of ton million leagues, lies the sphere of saints, or Mahar-loka, the inhabitants of which dwell in it throughout a Kalpa, or day of Brahmá. At twice that distance is situated Janaloka, where Sanandana and other pure-minded sons of Brahmá, reside. At four times the distance, between the two last, lies the Tapo-loka (the sphere of penance), inhabited by the deities called Vaibhrájas, who are unconsumable by fire. At six times the distance (or twelve Crores, a hundred and twenty millions of leagues) is situated Satya-loka, the sphere of truth, the inhabitants of which never again know death 3.


Jana-loka o Janaloka

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