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Subject: From Individual Soul to The Supreme: A Study in Identity




From Individual Soul to The Supreme: A Study in Identity

Article of the Month - October 2010


The Vedas are unanimous in declaring God as the Supreme Soul (Param Atma), who is infinite (ananta). However, the most potent Vedic statements also declare: 'You are That' (Tat Tvam Asi), meaning that the individual soul is none other than the Supreme Soul. This naturally presents a problem. The individual soul, as we know it, is inevitably linked to our physical body. Therefore, there is no way that it can exceed the size of the body and share God's infinitude. How then can it be equated to the Supreme Soul? This problem can perhaps be solved if we are able to pinpoint the exact size of the individual soul (jiva atma).
Conjecture: In all probability it seems logical to assume that the jiva is of the size of the body itself.
This supposition does however present some issues. During childhood the size of the body is small which grows larger in youth. How does the soul accommodate this change in size? No one can say that it stretches itself. Also, what about rebirth? If we are to take the body of a cockroach in our next life will the soul compress itself, or will it expand if we are to take on the form of an elephant? More importantly, assigning a finite size to soul implies that it is non-eternal, since it is but our common experience that everything with a finite shape or size is ultimately prone to destruction.
What then do the Vedas themselves say in this regard? For one, the scriptures definitely seem to imply that the soul has a size, because they mention its passing out of the body at the time of death, and also its journeying to other worlds:
'The soul passes out of the body at the time of death, carrying along with it speech and other sense organs' (Kaushitaki Upanishad 3.4).
'To reap the fruits of its karma, the soul ascends to the region of the moon' (Kaushitaki Upanishad 1.2).
'The soul returns to the mortal world again to do fresh karma' (Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 4.4.6).
Conjecture: If the individual soul was really infinite like the Supreme Soul, there would be no possibility of its movement. We have already seen that it cannot be of the size of the body. Since it is neither infinite, nor finite in size, therefore, it must be atomic in size, as declared by the scriptures:
'The soul is a hundredth part of the hundredth part of the tip of a hair' (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 5.9).
'The soul is finer than the tip of a pointed iron goad' (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 5.8).
A Refreshing Bathe in the River Ganga
A Refreshing Bathe in the River Ganga



Objection to the Conjecture: If the soul is atomic in size, it will be located at only a single point in the body, this will contradict our everyday experience that the whole body is conscious of a refreshing coolness when we bathe in the river Ganga, or in the summers we are conscious of heat all over our body.



Atomist: No, it is not a contradiction. Just as a drop of sandal paste (chandan), applied only to a particular part of the body, nevertheless produces a pleasant sensation all over the body, similarly the soul, even though located at only one part of the body, due to its contact with the skin (the organ of touch), derives the experience of pleasure and pain all over the body, because the skin is spread all over the body.
Question: This is an inadequate comparison. In the case of the sandal paste, we can directly perceive both, its point of application and the subsequent diffused experience of pleasantness all over the body. In the case of the soul however, we are aware of it only through the consciousness of pleasure and pain all over the body, but cannot at all pinpoint its exact location in the body as we can do for the sandal paste. Thus, we cannot say with certainty whether it is atomic in size with an exact location, or all-pervading like the akasha, as mentioned in the scriptures.
Atomist: This presents no problem at all. The Upanishads clearly mention the soul as residing in the heart (Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 4.3.7; Prashna Upanishad 3.6; Chandogya 8.3.3; Taittriya 2.1). So now we not only have the perception of the soul all over the body in the form of consciousness, but also its exact location inside the body. Hence, we can now safely reiterate that the individual soul (jiva atma) is atomic in size.
Or there is even another way which easily explains how the atomic soul even though located at one point in the body is experienced as consciousness all over it. Consider the example of a lamp kept in a one part of a room. Its light spreads over the whole room, similarly, the consciousness of the soul spreads all over the body and causes us the experience of pleasure and pain.
Objection to Atomist: The quality of a thing does not wander away beyond that thing in which it inheres. The whiteness of a piece of cloth remains in it and not beyond. In fact, light is not a quality of the flame, it is a substance (matter), just like the flame itself. Light in its maximum density is the flame (lamp), and in the diffused state it is light (Shankaracharya's Commentary on the Brahma Sutras 2.3.26).
Here we have the great Shankaracharya declaring light to be 'matter'. More than a thousand years later, Albert Einstein would receive the Nobel prize for discovering the same.

How Does Vedanta Resolve this Issue?

A Classical Dancer Enacts the Pricking of a Thorn in the Sole of Her Feet
A Classical Dancer Enacts the Pricking of a Thorn in the Sole of Her Feet




It is unequivocally declared that jiva is non different from the Supreme Soul (God). Therefore, it has to be as big as the Supreme Soul, which is all pervading. Otherwise, we cannot experience the sensation of pleasure and pain extending all over the body. To say that such an experience is possible on account of the soul's connection with the skin extending all over our body, is to negate our own actual experience. The pain of a thorn pricking the sole of our feet is located at the sole and not experienced all over the body.




Nor can it be said that the jiva pervades the entire body by means of its quality of consciousness, for if the jiva is atomic in size, its quality must reside in it, and cannot go beyond it in order to pervade the entire body. A quality which wanders beyond the substance ceases to be a quality. The light of the lamp which goes beyond the flame is a part of the flame itself, and not separate from it. In essence, the flame and its light are not two different things, i.e., we cannot say that the soul is somewhere else and its influence somewhere else. Wherever its influence is being experienced, there the soul is present too. There is no example in our experience where we can say that an object is situated somewhere and its influence is being distributed elsewhere independent of it. Like the power is non different from the one wielding it, similarly, any quality is non different from the object possessing it. The quality and its possessor cannot be separate, they can exist toge! ther only.
If consciousness, as the inherent quality of the soul is said to pervade the whole body, it is as good as saying that the soul is not atomic in size. Because, consciousness is nothing but the innate nature of the soul. We have already seen above that the soul is not of the size of the body. By default then, it has to be all-pervading or infinite.
Objection: Why then is the soul described as minutely small, and residing in the heart?
Resolution: Due to the imposition of the qualities of the buddhi (intellect) on to the soul. When the qualities of the buddhi, i.e. desire, aversion, pleasure or pain are superimposed onto the faultless soul itself, then is the latter spoken of as being atomic, the size of the buddhi, which is said to reside in the heart. Fundamentally, the soul is eternally free from these qualities.
The Shvetashvatara Upanishad says: 'The soul is a hundredth part of the hundredth part of the tip of a hair, and yet it is infinite.' (5.9). Now the same soul cannot possess these contradictory attributes. According to 'Tat Tvam Asi', the individual soul, being nothing but the Supreme Soul, must be infinite like the latter. Therefore, the atomic size must be understood as simply metaphorical or conditioned by the qualities of the buddhi. This is clear from the statement: 'The jiva is like the tip of a goading stick on account of it being endowed with the qualities of the buddhi, and not on account of its own true nature' (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 5.8).
The statement that: 'the individual soul is atomic, and is to be known only through the inner light'(Mundaka Upanishad 3.1.9), is not meant to indicate that the soul is atomic in size, but rather that the Supreme Soul (God) cannot be apprehended by the sense organs turned outwards, but only when they are withdrawn from the outside world. This is precisely the reason why it is said to be located inside the heart. The word atomic is used to make us understand that the soul is too subtle to be discerned, it in no way describes the innate true nature of the soul, which is identical with the infinite Supreme Soul (God or Brahman).
It is the metaphorical ascription of the qualities of the buddhi to the soul that is echoed in the other scriptural passages quoted above. The Prashna Upanishad clearly states that the passing out of the soul from the body and its consequent departure to other regions and then coming back to this mortal world is falsely ascribed to the soul on account of the upadhi of the buddhi and prana (Prashna Upanishad 6.3-4). The soul can never be spoken of as leaving the body, since what leaves is the prana and not the soul. In other words, just as the infinite God is spoken of as 'smaller than a grain of rice', for the purpose of devotion (Upasana), even so the soul is said to be atomic so long as the qualities of the buddhi are superimposed on to it.
As a matter of fact, there is nothing like an individual soul (jiva), except the Supreme Soul appearing as jiva on account of the upadhi of the buddhi. For throughout the Upanishads we do not we do not meet with any other conscious principle other than the One and Only Supreme God.

Conclusion: What is the Use of This Analysis?

Vedanta purposefully starts off by pointing out to us that even though we identify ourselves, and others too, exclusively through the physical body, we are in fact different from it. When a person dies, even though his physical body is lying in front of us, it is inert. What this shows is that by itself the physical world is inert, and it is powered some conscious power which is independent of the physical forms. Therefore, there is something different from the body which grants it consciousness. This is what is known as the individual soul.
Once we have logically recognized the presence of a soul in the body, we then set out to determine its physical size. Proceeding step by step we realize that it can neither be the size of the body (finite), nor can it be atomic. Thus, it has to be all pervading, as concluded by the scriptures. It is only because we perceive the soul conditioned by the qualities of the buddhi, mind etc, imposing these on to the eternally pure soul, that the Vedas speak of it as having an atomic size situated inside the heart, making us understand in the process that unless we withdraw inwards from the outside world, there is no hope for salvation.
Finally, this analysis by Shri Shankaracharya Ji makes us realize that even though we are all pervading, we wrongly think of ourselves as confined within the limits of this one single body. We think of ourselves as only 'this much,' and the rest as different from us, thus getting too much attached to our own body and the things associated with it, despising others which we perceive as inimical to the interests of our physical world. It is this raga (attachment) and dvesha (aversion) that this analysis helps us in overcoming.


References and Further Reading:



This Article by Nitin Kumar.
This article is based almost entirely on the teachings of Param Pujya Swami Paramanand Bharati Ji. However, any error is entirely the author's own.


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New Additions for November 2010

Thangka Paintings


The Ten Powerful Syllables of The Kalachakra Mantra Mandala (Large Thangka) Vajrayogini Mandala (Super Large Thangka) Glory of Rakta Ganesha (Large Thangka)
The Ten Powerful Syllables of The Kalachakra Mantra Mandala (Large Thangka) Vajrayogini Mandala Glory of Rakta Ganesha

Batik Paintings

Shiva Parvati Vishnu Lakshmi on Garuda
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Hindu Sculpture

Bronze Sculpture from Kerala with Wood Base Bronze Sculpture from Swamimalai Bronze Sculpture from Swamimalai Bronze Sculpture from Swamimalai
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Brass Sculpture with Copper and Silver Inlay Bronze Sculpture from Swamimalai Bronze Sculpture Bronze Sculpture
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Saris

Aqua Crinkled Sari with Printed Flowers And Gota Border Maroon and Ivory Sari with Sprinkled Print Pure Silk Printed Sari from Mysore with Golden Zari on Border
Aqua Crinkled Sari with Flowers Green Designer Sari from Mysore Maroon and Ivory Sari with Sprinkled Print

Gray Sari with Printed Flowers in Pink And Patch Border Purple Kanjivaram Sari with Woven Checks Orange Sari from Kolkata with Folk Print
Gray Sari with Printed Flowers Purple Kanjivaram Sari Orange Sari from Kolkata with Folk Print

 


Oil Paintings

Lotus Born (Framed) Lady with Her Pet Peacocks Veena Player
Lotus Born (Framed) Lady with Her Pet Peacocks Veena Player

The Messenger Shakuntala Patralekhan Lady with Hookah
The Messenger Shakuntala Patralekhan Lady with Hookah

 

Sculptures from Nepal

Copper Sculpture Gilded with 24 Karat Gold Copper Sculpture Gilded with 24 Karat Gold Copper Sculpture Gilded with 24 Karat Gold Copper Sculpture Gilded with 24 Karat Gold
For Gaining Control over Men and Women Goddess Kurukulla Buddha in Varada Mudra (Boon-Granting Gesture) Vajradakini

 

Mysore Paintings

Gita Upadesha (Framed) BLord Ganesha Blessing His Devotees Goodess Padmavati and Lord Venkateshvara at Tirupati
Gita Upadesha (Framed) Lord Ganesha Blessing His Devotees Goodess Padmavati and Lord Venkateshvara at Tirupati

 

Buddhist Sculpture

Bronze Sculpture Bronze Sculpture Brass, Copper and Wood
Bhumisparsha Buddha Plate with Animals of Tibetan Astrological Calendar Vajrasattva Om Mani Padme Hum Prayer Wheel
 

Stoles, Scarves and Shawls

Ivory Crewel Stole with Embroidered Maple Leaves All-Over Black Ari Stole with Multi-Color Floral Embroidery All-Over Saffron Banarasi Hand-Woven Stole with All-Over Tanchoi Weave Tri-Color Jamawar Shawl Red and Maroon Reversible Jamawar Shawl with All-Over Weave Brown Scarf from Kolkata with Kantha Stitch Embroidered Birds
Ivory Stole with Embroidered Maple Leaves Black Stole with Multi-Color Flowers Saffron Banarasi Hand-Woven Stole Tri-Color Jamawar Shawl Red and Maroon Reversible Shawl Brown Scarf from Kolkata with Kantha Stitch Embroidered Birds

Folk Paintings

Life in The Village The Wedding of Shiva Parvati  Tantric Diagram
Life in The Village The Wedding of Shiva Parvati Creatures of the Sun

 

Ritual Items

Bronze Sculpture from Swamimalai Bronze Sculpture Copper Sculpture Gilded with 24 Karat Gold Brass, Copper and Wood Brass Sculpture
Krishna for Abhishekha Auspicious Five Wick Puja Lamp from Kerala Twin Nandi Bells Hum Hand-held Prayer Wheel (Mani) Goddess Durga Hanging Bells with Ganesha on Ghungroos

Made to Order Salwar Kameez

Black Banarasi Flared Suit Fabric with All-Over Woven Paisleys Magenta Georgette Suit with Sequins Embroidered as Flowers Azure Banarasi Suit Fabric with All-Over Woven Paisleys Lavender Banarasi Suit Fabric with All-Over Woven Paisleys
Black Banarasi Flared Suit Magenta Georgette Suit Azure Fabric with All-Over Paisleys Lavender Banarasi Suit

Tantric Paintings

Bhadrakali - The Ever Hungry Goddess That Mighty Wave of Passionate Commitment to Truth and Freedom
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Hindu Paintings

Maha Devi Shri Krishna Milking Cow Krishna's Cows Krishna Peeps into Radha's Chamber
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Earrings

Garnet Umbrella Chandeliers Amethyst Hoop Chandeliers Pearl Chandeliers Faceted Carnelian Drop Earrings with Amethyst and Peridot
Garnet Umbrellas Amethyst Hoops Pearl Chandeliers Affordable Beaded Earrings
 

Finger Rings

Rose Quartz Ring Rainbow Moonstone Ring Mahakala 
              Coral and Turquoise Ring
Rose Quartz Ring Rainbow Moonstone Ring Mahakala Coral and Turquoise Ring

Pendants

Twin Abalone Pendant Abalone Pendant Abalone Pendant Twin Rainbow Moonstone Pendant
A Collection of Abalone Pendants Twin Rainbow Moonstone Pendant

Bracelets

Faceted Amethyst Bracelet with Rugged Pearl Rose Quartz Beaded Bracelet
Amethyst Bracelet with Rugged Pearl Rose Quartz Beaded Bracelet

Hindu Jewelry

The 
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              that has Happened, and All that is Yet to Happen…. The Bija Mantra of All Mantras
The Manifestation of Pure Consciousness All that has Happened, and All that is Yet to Happen…. The Bija Mantra of All Mantras

Buddhist Jewelry

Spider's Web Turquoise Gau Box Pendant Coral and Turquoise Mandala Gau Box Pendant Tibetan Om (AUM) Earrings Bell Shaped Om Earrings Tibetan Gau Box Pendant with Coral and Turquoise
Fine Turquoise Gau Coral and Turquoise Mandala Box Pendant Tibetan Om (AUM) Earrings Bell Shaped Om Earrings A Fine Specimen of Nepalese Craftsmanship

Gemstone Beads

Blue Chalcedony Carved Flowers Faceted Black Onyx Ovals Faceted Moss Agate Briolette
Chalcedony Carved Flowers Faceted Black Onyx Ovals Moss Agate Briolette
Faceted Pink Opal Large Buttons Faceted Cat's Eye Briolette Faceted Cat's Eye Marquis
Pink Opal A Large Collection of Cat's Eye Beads

Sets

Necklaces and Pendants with Matching Earrings.
MOP 
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Hindu Bookstore

by Swamiji Iraianban by Ramendra Narayan Sanyal by Michael Foreman by Swami Jyotir Maya Nanda by Meera S. Sashital by Nagesh D. Sonde
Om Namashivaya - Thiruvasagham Ramayana: A Critical Appraisal Tales, Myths and Legends of India Yoga Vasistha Rosary of Saints Philosophy of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharishi

 

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Buddhist Bookstore

by The Third Dalai Lama & Dr. Chok Tenzin Monlam by Karma Lekshe Tsomo by Lhasang Tsering
The Essence of Superfine Gold (A Guide on Stages of the Paths to Enlightenment) Sisters in Solitude – Two Traditions of Buddhist Monastic Ethics for Women Ocean of Melody – Songs of the Sixth Dalai Lama
 

 

Alternative Medicine Bookstore

by Vaidya Bhagwan Dash by Dr. Dhiren Gala by Hakim Mohammed Said by Prof. Dr. P.H. Kulkarni
Materia Medica of Tibetan Medicine – Vaidya Bhagwan Dash Efficacy of Fasting Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine Secrets of Mind-Body Health Through Holistic Care
 

 

Books on Indian Literature and Language

by Anandam Krishnamurti by A.R. Kidwai by S.K. Saxena by M. Asaduddin by Subhadra Sen Gupta
English English Tamil Dictionary Literary Orientalism (A Companion) Aesthetics – Approaches, Concepts and Problems The Penguin Book of Classic Urdu Stories Ashoka the Great and Compassionate King

 

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Malicious Medicine: My Experience with Fraud and Falsehood in Infertility Clinics Rajasthan An Oral History Ancient Indian Social History – Some Interpretations
 

 

Philosophy Bookstore

by A. Mahadeva Sastri by David Frawley by Rafik Issa Beekun
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Performing Arts Bookstore

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Books on Indian Art and Architecture

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New Additions for October 2010



Hindu Sculptures

The Ten Incarnations of Lord Vishnu (Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vaman, Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Balarama and Kalki)
Set of Dashavatar (Bronze Sculptures from Swamimalai)







Four Armed Standing Ganesha with Floral Areole Baby Krishna As Butter Thief
Little Krishna Set of Musical Ganeshas

Set of Three Musical and One Singing Ganesha The Joyous Ganesha Hanuman Ji Offering Prayer to Lord Vishnu Seated on Garuda
Standing Ganesha Joyous Ganapati Hanuman Ji Offering Prayer to Lord Vishnu Seated on Garuda

South Indian Paintings

Blessing Ganesha (Framed) Baby Krishna in the Lap of Mother Yashoda (Framed)
Lord Ganesha Baby Krishna with Mother Yashoda

Village Belles (Framed) Islamic Calligraphy (Framed)
Village Belles Islamic Calligraphy
 







Thangka Paintings

Blessing Ganesha (Framed) The Four Harmonious friends (mthun-po spun-bzhi, Skt. catvari anukulabhratr) Four Armed Dancing Ganesha Kundalini Chakras in Human Body Yab Yum
Achalanatha the Immovable Buddha The Four Harmonious friends (mthun-po spun-bzhi, Skt. catvari anukulabhratr) Dancing Ganesha Chakra Man Yab Yum








 

Sculptures from Nepal

Guhyasamaja-Manjuvajra in Yab Yum Lord Shiva Fine Wall Hanging Mask (Small) Votive Stupa with Cosmic Buddhas and Ashtamangala Symbols
Guhyasamaja-Manjuvajra in Yab Yum Lord Shiva Fine Wall Hanging Mask (Small) Votive Stupa with Cosmic Buddhas and Ashtamangala Symbols









Ekajati Milarepa - The Great Yogi and Mystic Poet of Tibet Vajrakila in Yab Yum
Ekajati Milarepa Vajrakila in Yab Yum








Saris

Now experience the full glamor of luxurious pure silk saris from Kanjivaram and Mysore.
Turquoise-Blue Kanjivaram Sari with Golden Floral Weave on Anchal and Border in Golden Thread Black and Blue Authentic Pure Mysore Silk Sari Woven by Hand Pure Silk Printed Sari from Mysore with Golden Zari on Border Powder-Pink Sari with Floral Embroidery and Beadwork Teal-Blue Banarasi Sari with Brocaded Floral Border and Anchal
Turquoise-Blue Kanjivaram Sari Black and Blue Authentic Pure Mysore Silk Sari Woven by Hand Pure Silk Printed Sari from Mysore Powder-Pink Sari Teal-Blue Sari with Brocaded Floral Border and Anchal

Green Narayanpet Sari with Woven Checks Ivory Sari with Parsi Embroidered Flowers All-Over Water and Ice Ikat Sari Hand-woven in Pochampally Village Multi-Color Bandhani Sari with Sequins
Green Narayanpet Sari with Woven Checks Ivory Sari with Parsi Embroidery Water and Ice Ikat Sari Hand-woven in Pochampally Village Multi-Color Bandhani Sari with Sequins
More than 50 New Saris at:
 

Hindu Paintings

Narasimha – The Supreme God Emergence of Ganga from Shiva’s Coiffure (A Fine Painting) Baby Ganesha as a Yogi Raga Lalita
Lord Narasimha with His Shakti A Unique Painting of Lord Shiva and Parvati Baby Ganesha as a Yogi A Collection of Raginis and Ragas








Ritual Items

Puja Thali with Eleven Ritual Items (From Kerala) Vishva Vajra (Double Dorje) Dripping Vase for Milk for Shiva Linga Abhishek
Puja Thali with Eleven Ritual Items (From Kerala) Double Dorje Dripping Vase for Milk for Shiva Linga Abhishek









Triple Lamp from Kerala Ashtamangala Prayer Wheel with Om Mani Padme Hum Water Sprinkler from Kerala
Triple Lamp from Kerala Ashtamangala Prayer Wheel Water Sprinkler

Bronze Mortar-Pestle from Kerala Small Puja Plate with Shri Ganesha's Image Four Armed Ganesha Lamp
Bronze Mortar-Pestle Small Puja Plate with Shri Ganesha's Image Four Armed Ganesha Lamp
 

Stoles and Shawls

Dark-Maroon Jamdani Shawl from Kashmir with Large Embroidered Flowers Green Tusha Stole Hand-Embroidered All-Over in Kashmir Red Crewel Embroidered Stole with Sequins and Beadwork Magenta Silk-Pashmina Stole from Nepal Tri-Color Jamawar Shawl with Needle Embroidery by Hand
Dark-Maroon Jamdani Shawl from Kashmir with Large Flowers Green Tusha Stole Red Crewel Stole with Sequins and Beadwork IMagenta Silk-Pashmina Stole from Nepal Tri-Color Jamawar Shawl with Needle Embroidery

Ivory Stole with Ari Embroidered Flowers All-Over Multi-color Jamawar Stole with Woven Circles Black Jamdani Stole from Kashmir with Multi-Color Embroidered Flowers Ultramarine-Blue Silk-Pashmina Stole from Nepal with Embroidered Beads Peach Jamdani Stole from Kashmir with Multi-Color Ari Embroidery in Silk Thread
GIvory Stole with Ari Embroidery Multi-color Stole with Woven Circles Black Jamdani Stole with Multicolored Embroidery Ultramarine Silk-Pashmina Stole from Nepal with Embroidered Beads Peach Jamdani Stole










Wood Sculptures

Ekadanta Ganesha Murti Docorated Temple Elephant Pair with Upraised Trunks (Supremely Auspicious According to Vastu) Decorative Veena
Lord Ganesha in Rosewood from Mysore Decorated Temple Elephants Model of a Veena

Oil Paintings

Playing with Balls The Little King Omar Khayyam
Lady Playing with a Ball The Little King Omar Khayyam

Lady in Wait Lady Playing Sitar
Lady in Wait Lady Playing Sitar







 

Large Sculptures

Pancha Ganesha Panel


 



A Six-Feet Long Panel with Five Ganeshas

Salwar Kameez

Peach Choodidaar Flair Suit with Meenakari Work and Velvet Turquoise and Orange Chaniya Choli from Gujarat with Large Sequins Lilac Choodidaar Two-Piece Suit with Hand-Embroidered Beads and Butterfly Sleeves Auburn Mulmul Choodidaar Suit with Embroidery and Beadwork
Peach Choodidaar Flair Suit Turquoise and Orange Chaniya Choli from Gujarat Lilac Choodidaar with Butterfly Sleeves Auburn Mulmul Suit with Embroidery and Beadwork

Mughal Paintings

Twin Dancers The Shah
An Expression of Joyous Exuberant Dance The Shah










Ladies' Tops

Cordovan Brocaded Halter-Top from Nepal Black Choli with Antique Embroidery by Hand Blue-Atoll Brocaded Cheongsam from Sikkim Royal-Blue Brocaded Night-Gown from Nepal
BCordovan Brocaded Halter-Top from Nepal Black Choli with Antique Embroidery Blue-Atoll Brocaded Cheongsam from Sikkim Royal-Blue Night-Gown from Nepal

Purple Choli from Kutch with Ari Embroidery Purple Harem Trousers with Printed Elephants Black Kashmiri Kurti with Floral Ari Embroidery
Purple Choli from Kutch with Ari Embroidery Purple Harem Trousers with Printed Elephants Black Kashmiri Kurti








 

Buddhist Sculpture

Bhaishajyaguru - The Medicine Buddha Kuan Yin - Goddess of Compassion Mahaparinirvana Buddha
Bhaishajyaguru - The Medicine Buddha Kuan Yin - Goddess of Compassion Mahaparinirvana Buddha

Beauty and Health Care the Natural Way

Mugli Ghutti 555 (Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine) Bio Women's Travel Kit Arth Oil - Effective in Joint Pains (Safe, Natural & Effective)
Care for your child, without harmful chemicals More than 300 Beauty Products More than 500 Medicines Prepared using Ancient Formulas








Tanjore - Incense Gift Pack Basil - Natural Essential Oil Spic's Darjeeling High Elevation Tea - FTGFOP1 (Ch.)
The Purest Incense from Aurobindo Ashram Pondicherry More than 100 Varieties of Essential Oils Superior Teas from Assam and Darjeeling










 

Wildlife Art

Elephant Family Monkey Study of Antelopes
Elephant Family Monkey Study of Antelopes

Portrait of a Cock Tiger Hunt
Portrait of a Cock Tiger Hunt







Peacock: National Bird of India The Elephant Fight
Peacock: National Bird of India The Elephant Fight









 

Religious Textiles

Beige Sanatana Dhrama Prayer Shawl with Large Printed Om Azure-Blue Meditating Shiva Prayer Shawl Green Om Namoh Shivai Scarf Yellow Hindu Prayer Shawl with Printed Oms All-Over
Beige Sanatana Dhrama Prayer Shawl with Large Printed Azure-Blue Meditating Shiva Prayer Shawl Green Om Namoh Shivai Scarf Yellow Hindu Prayer Shawl with Printed Oms All-Over










Ivory Lord Ganesha Prayer Shawl from Kashi Amethyst Printed Om Pryaer Scarf Salmon Hare Rama Hare Krishna Scarf
Ivory Lord Ganesha Prayer Shawl from Kashi Amethyst Printed Om Pryaer Scarf Salmon Hare Rama Hare Krishna Scarf

Earrings

Faceted Peridot Earrings Amethyst and Peridot Earrings Amber Earrings Kyanite Earrings
Jhumkas and Chandeliers Affordable Beaded Earrings Amber Earrings Kyanite Earrings










Gold Jewelry

Delightful Nose Ornaments, Sensuous and Alluring.
Multi-color CZ Star Nose Ring Finely Handcrafted CZ Nose Pin with Charms Triple CZ Nose Ring
Star Nose Ring Fine Nose Pin Valentine Nose Ring









Sterling Silver Pendants

Sponge Coral Pointed Oval Pendant Larimar Pendant with Faceted Twin BT
Sponge Coral Pointed Oval Pendant Larimar Pendant with Blue Topaz










Necklaces

Larimar and Blue Topaz Necklace Sterling Fine Necklace with Earrings Set
A Collection of Larimar Necklaces Sterling Fine Necklace with Earrings Set









Bracelets

Larimar and Blue Topaz Necklace Larimar Bracelet Sterling Beaded Bracelet
A collection of Amber Bracelets The Glamorous Larimar Sterling Beaded Bracelets








Hindu Jewelry

Lord Ganesha Sterling Pendant Tulsi (Holy Basil) Rosary with 108 Beads for Chanting Mantras and Syllables or Name of God Sterling Om (AUM) Pendant with Amethyst Mahavira Jain Pendant
Lord Ganesha Pendant Tulsi Rosary OM Pendants Mahavira Jain Pendant

Finger Rings

Lord Narasimha (Sterling Ring) Rainbow Moonstone Ring Faceted Tourmaline Ring Faceted Blue Topaz Ring
Lord Narasimha Rings Rainbow Moonstone Rings Tourmaline Rings Blue Topaz Rings








Buddhist Jewelry from Nepal

Gau Box Mandala Pendant with Coral and Turquoise Mahakala Pendant
Superfine Gaus Awesome Mahakala Pendants









Sets

Necklaces and Pendants with Matching Earrings:
Lapis Lazuli and Pearl Pendant with Matching Earrings Set Abalone Pendant with Matching Earrings Set
Lapis and Pearl Abalone Pendants and Earrings







Black Onyx Pendant with Matching Earrings Set Pearl Necklace with Matching Earrings Set
Black Onyx Set Pearl Necklace with Matching Earrings









Tantra Jewelry

Goddess Kali Sterling Bracelet Vajra-chopper Inlay Pendant
Goddess Kali Bracelets Vajra Chopper Pendant









 

Gemstone Beads

Faceted Cat's Eye Pyramid Faceted Lapis Lazuli Boxes Faceted Sunstone Rondells
A Collection of Cat's Eye Beads Unique Box Shaped Beads Cheap Sunstone Rondells






 

Precious Gemstone Beads

Three Strand Ruby Necklace





Hindu Bookstore

Vaishno Devi (The Powerful Goddess)

Indian Saints and Mystics; The Structure of Indian Mind; different Quiz Books on Various Aspects of Hinduism: The Ramayana; The Krishna Leela; The Shiva Purana, Mahabharata and Our Goddesses; Bhagwan Swaminarayan - Life and Work; The Life and Teachings of Sai Baba of Shirdi; The Eternal Quest by Osho and Vaishno Devi (The Powerful Goddess).


Sri Caitanya-mangala (Locana dasa Thakura)

Ramana Maharshi (The Crown Jewel of Advaita); Quietitude of The Mind; Jnaneshvar: (The Life And Works of The Celebrated Thirteenth Century Indian Mystic-Poet); Journey of a Master: Swami Chinmayananda (The Man, the Path, the Teaching); Shree Ganesh Upasana (With Sanskrit and Roman); The Glorious Stories of Shirdi's Sai Baba; Prabhu Aartee (A Collection of Aartees with Text, Roman Transliteration and English Translation) and Sri Caitanya-mangala.


Quest for Truth: Original Letters of Vimala Thakar

Mysticism of Hindu Gods and Goddesses; The Promise of Immortality (The True Teaching of the Bible and the Bhagavad Gita); Swami Sivananda Biography of a Modern Sage; Vairagya MalaVairagya Mala; Essence of Gita in Poems; 108 Prasang Mala (108 Inspiring Satsang Stories); Quest for Truth: Original Letters of Vimala Thakar; The Jivanmukti-Viveka or The Path to Liberation in This Life (English Translation) and Dispelling Illusion (Gaudapada's Alatasanti).


Sri Krishna (With Sculpture)

My Guru in Disguise; The Panchadasi of Srimad Vidyaranya Swami; Vedic Theory of the Origin of Speech; Preaching Vedanta; Sri Krishna (With Sculpture); Sri Ganesha (With Sculpture); Shri Dakshinakalikasaparyapaddhati: Method of Worshipping Goddess Dakshin Kalika (Sanskrit and Hindi Only); The Naradiyamahapuranam (In Sanskrit Only); Vegetarianism (A Hindu Perspective); The Vidur Gita (Sanskrit Text and English Translation) and Path of Liberation (English Translation and Commentary on Eight Minor Upanishads).

Samkhya Darshan (Yogic Perspective on Theories of Realism)

Yoga Bookstore

Indian Saints and Mystics; The Structure of Indian Mind; different Quiz Books on Various Aspects of Hinduism: The Ramayana; The Krishna Leela; The Shiva Purana, Mahabharata and Our Goddesses; Bhagwan Swaminarayan - Life and Work; The Life and Teachings of Sai Baba of Shirdi; The Eternal Quest by Osho and Vaishno Devi (The Powerful Goddess).

The Tantrik Practices in Sri-Vidya

Tantra Bookstore

The Tantrik Practices in Sri-Vidya; Prashna Hora - Horary Astrology & Cosmic Psyche in Classical & Nadi; Vastu Science for 21st Century to Enjoy the Gift of Nature; Yogini & Kalchakra Dasa; Essential of Horary Astrology or Prasnapadavi and Shri Dakshinakalikasaparyapaddhati: Method of Worshipping Goddess Dakshin Kalika (Sanskrit and Hindi Only).

Mahayana Buddhist Meditation (Theory and Practice)

Buddhist Bookstore

Mahayana Buddhist Meditation (Theory and Practice); The Jatakas (Times And Lives of Bodhisattva); Returning To the Source: Talks on Zen; Meditation Compassion & Lovingkindness (An Approach To Vipassana Practice) and Ecological Perspectives in Buddhism.

Home Remedies Basil – Keeps Fever Away, Good for Heart & Lungs and Very Useful in Feminine Diseases

Alternative Medicine Bookstore

Home Remedy Series: Turmeric, Basil, Honey, Neem, Garlic. Handbook of Clinical Ayurveda Practice; Ayurveda Aahar (Food/Diet); Ayurveda Philosophy; Ayurveda Minerals; Ayurveda Soundaryam (Towards Beauty); Panchakarma in Ayurveda and Joint Disorders Care in Ayurveda.

Lore & Legends of Kerala

Language and Literature Bookstore

Lore & Legends of Kerala; The Wisdom of the Sands: Sufism - A Way into the Mysteries of Existence; The Natya Sastra of Bharatamuni (English Translation); Indian By Choice: A Graphic Novel; A Cup of Tea by Osho; Information and the Public Sphere (Persian Newsletters from Mughal Delhi); The Concept of Vakrokti in Sanskrit Poetics; And He Embraced Him - A Story of Reconciliation and Healing and A Manual of Chinese, Tibetan and English Words (With Roman).

Life after Death in World Religions

Indian Philosophy Bookstore

Come Follow To You: Reflections on Jesus of Nazareth; Life after Death in World Religions; Mysticism in The Indian Tradition; A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy; Philosophia Perennis (Talks on Pythagoras, the Philosopher and Mystic); Epistemology of Perception and The Secret of Secrets (Talks on the Secret of the Golden Flower).

Buddhist Stupas in South Asia

Art and Architecture Bookstore

Textiles of Banaras (Yesterday And Today); The Royal Temple of Rajaraja; Buddhist Stupas in South Asia; Diamonds - The Quest from Solid Rock to the Magic of Diamonds; The Design Development of Indian Architecture; Our Trees; Art Shrines of Ancient India; Art and Artists of Rajasthan; Rama-Legends and Rama-Reliefs In Indonesia and A Huge Range of Titles on Henna Design.

agwan Shri Rajneesh: Jesus Crucified Again This Time in Ronald Reagan’s America

Indian History Bookstore

Ashoka The Great - The Mighty Warring Emperor who Transformed into a Messenger of Peace; Sunil Gavaskar Straight Drive; History of Mysticism (The Unchanging Testament); Dhanurveda (The Vedic Military Science); Bhagwan Shri Rajneesh: Jesus Crucified Again This Time in Ronald Reagan's America and Socrates Poisoned Again After 25 Centuries - Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh.

Ten Heritage Walks of Mumbai

Indian Travel Bookstore

Ten Heritage Walks of Mumbai


Sex In Cinema (A History of Female Sexuality in Indian Films)

Indian Cinema Bookstore

Sex In Cinema (A History of Female Sexuality in Indian Films)


 

CDs and DVDs

Om Shanti Om (Blu-Ray Disc) Shrine – Raga Kalyan Surrender to the Almighty! (Audio CD) Relaxation Anti Stress (The Relaxation Series) (Audio CD)
The Best of Bollywood now available on Blue Ray Discs More than 300 CDs on Indian Classical Music A Unique Collection of CDs and DVDs Offering Music Therapy

Ganesh Shraddha – An Instrumental Invocation of the Lord (Audio CD) Yoga Vasistha (Set of Ten Audio CDs)
World's Largest Audio Video Collection on Hinduism Discourses in English on Ancient Indian Scriptures


A customer is the most important visitor on our premises. He is not dependent on us. We are dependent on him. He is not an interruption on our work. He is the purpose of it. He is not an outsider in our business. He is a part of it. We are not doing him a favor by serving him. He is doing us a favor by giving us an opportunity to do so.
- Mahatma Gandhi.


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