martes, 20 de abril de 2010


Añadida el 05 de abril

Añadida el 05 de abril

Durgä - the wife of Lord Çiva, also known as Çakti, Mahävidyä, Kälé, Çyämä, and Nistäriëé. She presides over the material energy and is one of the five deities worshiped by the païcopäsakas.

  1. Resultados de imágenes de Durga

    - Informar sobre las imágenes

Resultados de la búsqueda

Jai Maa Durga -
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diosa Durga.
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Jai Ma Durga
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Goddess Durga
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Happy Navratri and
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Maa Durga
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Durga Pujan
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Durga Puja
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All these came to
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QA91: Goddess
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Durga Puja:
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Myspace Durga
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Durga Chalisa
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Durga Puja -
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Sri Durga Devi
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The sixth form of Mother
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Ma Durga
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La diosa y el león:
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Maa Durga
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Durga Puja
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Durga Puja
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celebrate Durga
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Durga Photos
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Hindu Deities: Goddess
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Durga sample
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Durga Puja 2008
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Goddess Durga
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Durga riding a
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2 Responses to “Nav
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

File:Durga Mahisasuramardini.JPG
Vengeance / Victory
Devanagari दुर्गा
Bengali দুর্গা
Affiliation Avatar of Devi
Abode Kailash
Mantra Om Dum Durgayei Namaha Om Aing Hring Kling Chamundayei Vichche
Weapon Trishula (trident), Chakram,
Scimitar, Snake,
Conch shell, Mace,
Bow, Talwar (longsword),
lotus, Thunderbolt
Consort Shiva
Mount Dawon (tiger or lion)

In Hinduism, Durga (दुर्गा, "the inaccessible"[1] or "the invincible") or Maa Durga (Mother Durga) "one who can redeem in situations of utmost distress".[citation needed] Durga is a form of Devi, the supremely radiant goddess, depicted as having ten arms, riding a lion or a tiger, carrying weapons and a lotus flower, maintaining a meditative smile, and practicing mudras, or symbolic hand gestures.

An embodiment of creative feminine force (Shakti), Durga exists in a state of svātantrya (independence from the universe and anything/anybody else, i.e., self-sufficiency) and fierce compassion. Durga is considered by Hindus to be an aspect of Kali, and the mother of Ganesha and Kartikeya.[2] She is thus considered the fiercer, demon-fighting form of Shiva's wife, goddess Parvati. Durga manifests fearlessness and patience, and never loses her sense of humor, even during spiritual battles of epic proportion.


[edit] Legend

The word Shakti means divine feminine force, and Durga is the warrior aspect of the Divine Mother. Other incarnations include Annapurna and Karunamayi (karuna = kindness). Durga's darker aspect Kali is represented as the consort of the god Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing.

Durga's form is blindingly bright, as a radiant goddess (devi), with three lotus-like eyes, ten powerful hands, lush hair with beautiful curls, a red-golden glow from her skin and a quarter moon on her forehead. She wears a shiny attire emitting fierce rays. Her jewellery is beautifully made of gold with ocean pearls and precious stones embedded in it.

File:Durga Slays Mahisasura.jpg
Durga Slays Mahisasura, Mahabalipuram sculpture.

As a goddess, Durga's feminine power contains the energies of the gods. Each of her weapons was gifted to her by various gods: Rudra's trident, Vishnu's discus, Indra's thunderbolt, Brahma's kamandalu, Kuber's Ratnahar, etc.

According to a narrative in the Devi Mahatmya story of the Markandeya Purana text, Durga was created as a warrior goddess to fight an asura (an inhumane force/demon) named Mahishasur. He had unleashed a reign of terror on earth, heaven and the nether worlds, and he could not be defeated by any man or god, anywhere. The gods went to Brahma, who had given Mahishasura the power to be the invincible conqueror of the universe. Brahma could do nothing. They made Brahma their leader and went to Vaikuntha — the place where Vishnu lay on Ananta Naag. They found both Vishnu and Shiva, and Brahma eloquently related the reign of terror Mahishasur had unleashed on the three worlds. Hearing this Vishnu, Shiva and all of the gods became very angry and beams of fierce light emerged from their bodies. The blinding sea of light met at the Ashram of a priest named Katyan. The goddess Durga took the name Katyani from the priest and emerged from the sea of light. She introduced herself in the language of the Rig-Veda, saying she was the form of the supreme Brahman who had created all the gods. Now she had come to fight the demon to save the gods. They did not create her; it was her lila that she emerged from their combined energy. The gods were blessed with her compassion.

It is said that upon initially encountering Durga, Mahishasura underestimated her, thinking: "How can a woman kill me, Mahishasur — the one who has defeated the trinity of gods?"[citation needed] However, Durga roared with laughter, which caused an earthquake which made Mahishasur aware of her powers.

And the terrible Mahishasur rampaged against her, changing forms many times. First he was a buffalo demon, and she defeated him with her sword. The he changed forms and became an elephant that tied up the goddess's tiger and began to pull it towards him. The goddess cut off his trunk with her sword. The demon Mahishasur continued his terrorizing, taking the form of a lion, and then the form of a man, but both of them were gracefully slain by Durga.

Then Mahishasur began attacking once more, starting to take the form of a buffalo again. The patient goddess became very angry, and as she sipped divine wine from a cup she smiled and proclaimed to Mahishasur in a colorful tone — "Roar with delight while you still can, O illiterate demon, because when I will kill you after drinking this, the gods themselves will roar with delight".[cite this quote] When Mahashaur had half emerged into his buffalo form, he was paralyzed by the extreme light emitting from the goddess's body. The goddess then resounded with laughter before cutting Mahishasur's head down with her sword.

Thus Durga slew Mahishasur, thus is the power of the fierce compassion of Durga. Hence, Mata Durga is also known as Mahishasurmardhini — the slayer of Mahishasur. According to one legend, the goddess Durga created an army to fight against the forces of the demon-king Mahishasur, who was terrorizing Heaven and Earth. After ten days of fighting, Durga and her army defeated Mahishasur and killed him. As a reward for their service, Durga bestowed upon her army the knowledge of jewelry-making. Ever since, the Sonara community has been involved in the jewelry profession [3].

The goddess as Mahisasuramardhini appears quite early in Indian art. The Archaeological Museum in Matura has several statues on display including a 6-armed Kushana period Mahisasuramardhini that depicts her pressing down the buffalo with her lower hands [4]. A Nagar plaque from the first century BC - first century AD depicts a 4-armed Mahisamardhini accompanied by a lion. But it is in the Gupta period that we see the finest representations of Mahisasuramardhini (2-, 4-, 6-, and at Udayagiri, 12-armed). The spear and trident are her most common weapons. a Mamallapuram relief shows the goddess with 8 arms riding her lion subduing a bufalo-faced demon (as contrasted with a buffalo demon); a variation also seen at Ellora. In later sculptures (post-seventh Century), sculptures show the goddess having decapitated the buffalo demon.

[edit] Worship

File:S344 durga-idol-golden.png
A priest worshipping a contemporary image of Durga during Durga Puja
File:Godess Tulja Bhavani of Tuljapur.bmp.jpg
Tulja Bhavani, Tulajapur patron goddess of Maharashtra

The four day long Durga Puja is the biggest annual festival in Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, and Assam. It is celebrated likewise with much fervour in other parts of India, especially the Himalayan region, but is celebrated in various forms throughout the Hindu universe.

The day of Durga's victory is celebrated as Vijayadashami (Bengali), Dashain (Nepali) or Dussehra (Hindi) - these words literally mean "the Victory Tenth" (day).[5]

In Kashmir she is worshipped as shaarika (the main temple is in Hari Parbat in Srinagar).

The actual period of the worship however may be on the preceding nine days (Navaratri) followed by the last day called Vijayadashami in North India or five days in Bengal (from the sixth to tenth day of the waxing-moon fortnight). Nine aspects of Durga known as Navadurga are meditated upon, one by one during the nine-day festival by devout Shakti worshippers.

In North India, the tenth day, signifying Rama's victory in his battle against the demon Ravana, is celebrated as Dussehra - gigantic straw effigies of Ravana are burnt in designated open spaces (e.g. Delhi's Ram Lila grounds), watched by thousands of families and little children.

In Mysore Karnataka, she is worshipped as Chamundeshwari, the patron goddess of the city during Dussehra

In Gujarat it is celebrated as the last day of Navaratri, during which the Garba dance is performed to celebrate the vigorous victory of Mahishasura-mardini Durga.

The Goddess Durga is worshiped in her peaceful form as Maha Gauri, The Fair Lady, Shree Shantadurga also known as santeri, is the patron Goddess of Goa. She is worshiped by all Goan Hindus.

In Maharashtra, Tulja Bhavani is worshiped as Mahishasur Mardini and is patron goddess of land. Bhavani is known as Tulaja,Amba, Renuka, Yamai, Saptshrungi, Jogai in different places of Maharashtra. She is inspirational goddess of Raja shivaji. As per legends, Bhavani revealed to Shivaji and blessed him to form a kingdom.


[edit] Notable temples in India and Indonesia

File:Br Mus Durga.JPG
Durga sculpture, British Museum
File:Bhavani & Shivaji.jpg
As per legend, the family deity of the Bhosle's, goddess Bhavani presented a divine sword to Shivaji Maharaj.

[edit] See also

A dancer portrays Durga with a Trident

[edit] References

  1. ^ "Durga". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved October 7, 2009.
  2. ^ McDaniel, June. Offering Flowers, Feeding Skulls: Popular Goddess Worship in West Bengal. p. 225.
  3. ^ G. S. Purswani "Incredible Origin and History of Khudabadi Sindhi Swarankar"-2005 Jaipur
  4. ^ R. C. Agrawala, "The Goddess Mahisasuramardini in Early Indian Art", Artibus Asiae, Vol. 21, No. 2 (1958), pp. 123-130
  5. ^ Esposito, John L.; Darrell J. Fasching, Todd Vernon Lewis (2007). Religion & globalization: world religions in historical perspective. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 0195176952.

[edit] Further reading

[edit] External links

  1. Diosa madre - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    La diosa Durga es considerada como la diosa madre suprema por algunos hindúes. ... Una encarnación de Durga es Kali, que nació de su frente durante la ... - En caché - Similares
  2. Durga

    La diosa hindú Durga es una de las muchas manifestaciones de Maha Devi o la Gran Diosa madre de todo el universo y es su manifestación más poderosa. ... - En caché - Similares
  3. durga

    La Diosa Durga es la hermana de Vishnú. Una vez un demonio llamado Mahisasura venció a los dioses en una batalla. Los dioses encolerizados acudieron a Shiva ... - En caché - Similares
  4. Resultados de vídeo de Durga

    "Jai Ambe Gauri" - Aarti of Goddess Durga
    8 min - 7 May 2008
    Durga Chalisa
    9 min - 31 May 2008
  5. Mantras del mundo: Kali - Durga

    29 Oct 2006 ... Me parece un poco machista el supuesto significado de Durga. Esta Diosa es totalmente femenina y a la vez poderosa, dudo mucho que tenga que ... - En caché - Similares
  6. Energía Creativa: Parvati, kali y Durga.

    6 Ago 2006 ... Parvati se manifiesta en distintas formas, las más conocidas son Kali y Durga. Su aspecto de Parvati, como esposa de Shiva, ... - En caché - Similares
  7. Durga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    - [ Traducir esta página ]
    In Hinduism, Durga (दुर्गा, "the inaccessible" or "the invincible") or Maa Durga (Mother Durga) "one who can redeem in situations of utmost distress". ... - En caché - Similares
  8. Goddess Durga: The Mother Goddess & Her Symbolism

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    Goddess Durga is the mother of the universe and is worshipped as the supreme power of the Supreme Being. - En caché - Similares
  9. Hindu Goddesses : Durga - Hindu goddess that kills your demons

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    Hindu Goddesses : Introduction to Durga - Hindu Goddess - with free pics of paintings and online mantra. - En caché - Similares
  10. Durga Temple

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  11. Durga

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