martes, 31 de agosto de 2010

THE CHASTISEMENT OF JUNIOR HARIDÄSA - Cc. Antya Lila Ch.2



ISKCON desire tree

Caitanya Caritämrita, Antya Leelä



CHAPTER 2.......................................................................................................................3

THE CHASTISEMENT OF JUNIOR HARIDÄSA..................................................................3

Different ways by which the Lord delivers the fallen souls (VERSES 1-15)…………………...3

Lord’s Äveça in Nakula Brahmachäri (VERSES 16-32)………………………………………….7

Lord’s Ävirabhäva Lilä in Nrsimhänand Brahmachäri (VERSES 33-83)……………………….9

Dangers of Mäyäväda philosophy (VERSES 84-100)…………………………………………..17

Story of Junior Haridäsa (VERSES 101-172)…………………………………………………...19


CHAPTER 2

THE CHASTISEMENT OF JUNIOR HARIDÄSA


Section - Verses


Different ways by which the Lord delivers the fallen souls 1-15

Lord’s Äveça in Nakula Brahmachäri 16-32

Lord’s Ävirabhäva Lilä in Nrsimhänand Brahmachäri (Lord eats offering

meant for Jagannäth and Nrsimhadeva) 33-83

Dangers of Mäyäväda philosophy – Bhagavän Ächarya’s brother 84-100

Story of Junior Haridäsa 101-172


DIFFERENT WAYS BY WHICH THE LORD DELIVERS THE FALLEN SOULS

(VERSES 1-15)


3 ways of Lord Caitanya to deliver conditioned souls

  1. Meeting them directly (säkñät-darçana)

  2. Empowering a pure devotee Ex, Nakula Brahmacäré (Äveça)

  3. Appearing before someone Himself Ex, Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré (Ävirbhäva)



In His incarnation as Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, Lord Çré Kåñëa descended to deliver all the living beings in the three worlds, from Brahmaloka down to Pätälaloka. He caused their deliverance in three ways. (VERSE 3)

The Lord delivered the fallen souls in some places by meeting them directly, in other places by empowering a pure devotee, and in still other places by appearing before someone Himself. (VERSE 4)


Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu delivered almost all the fallen souls by directly meeting them. He delivered others by entering the bodies of great devotees, such as Nakula Brahmacäré. And He delivered still others by appearing before them, as in the case of Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré. “I shall deliver the fallen souls.” This statement characterizes the Supreme Personality of Godhead (VERSES 5-6)



1. MEETING THEM DIRECTLY – (SÄKÑÄT-DARÇANA) (VERSES 7-12)


When Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu was personally present, anyone in the world who met Him even once was fully satisfied and became spiritually advanced. (VERSE 7)


Every year, devotees from Bengal would go to Jagannätha Puré to meet Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, and after the meeting they would return to Bengal. (VERSE 8)


Similarly, people who went to Jagannätha Puré from various provinces of India were fully satisfied after seeing the lotus feet of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 9)


People from all over the universe, including the seven islands, the nine khaëòas, the planets of the demigods, Gandharvaloka and Kinnaraloka, would go there in the forms of human beings. (VERSE 10)

Having seen the Lord, they all became Vaiñëavas. Thus in ecstatic love of Godhead they chanted the Hare Kåñëa mantra and danced. (VERSE 11)


ei-mata darçane trijagat nistäri

ye keha äsite näre aneka saàsäré


Thus by direct meetings, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu delivered the three worlds. Some people, however, were entangled in material activities and could not go. (VERSE 12)


EMPOWERING A PURE DEVOTEE - (ÄVEÇA) (VERSES 13-15)


tä-sabä tärite prabhu sei saba deçe

yogya-bhakta jéva-dehe karena ‘äveçe’


To deliver people in regions throughout the universe who could not meet Him, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu personally entered the bodies of pure devotees. (VERSE 13)


sei jéve nija-bhakti karena prakäçe

tähära darçane ‘vaiñëava’ haya sarva-deçe


Thus He empowered living beings [His pure devotees] by manifesting in them so much of His own devotion that people in all other countries became devotees by seeing them. (VERSE 14)


In this way Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu delivered the entire three worlds, not only by His personal presence but also by empowering others. (VERSE 15)


3. APPEARING BEFORE SOMEONE HIMSELF – (ÄVIRBHÄVA) (VERSES 34-36)


3.1 WHY DID LORD APPEAR? (VERSE 34)


Why did Lord appear? - Because of His attraction to the love of His devotees



3.2 PLACES OF APPEARANCE OF LORD CAITANYA (VERSES 34-36)


WHEREEVER LORD NITYÄNANDA DANCES, LORD CAITANYA MANIFESTS


Places of appearance of Lord Caitanya

Household temple of mother Çacé

Where Çré Nityänanda Prabhu dance

House of Çréväsa Paëòita during congregational chanting

House of Räghava Paëòita

Appeared before Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré



LORD’S AVESA IN NAKULA BRAHMACHARI (VERSES 16-32)


I shall briefly describe how He empowered a living being in Bengal. (VERSE 15)


1. SYMPTOMS OF LORD’S AVESA IN NAKULA BRAHMACÄRÉ (VERSES 16-21)


In Ämbuyä-muluka there was a person named Nakula Brahmacäré, who was a perfectly pure devotee, greatly advanced in devotional service. (VERSE 16)


Desiring to deliver all the people of Bengal, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu entered the heart of Nakula Brahmacäré. (VERSE 17)


Nakula Brahmacäré became exactly like a man haunted by a ghost. Thus he sometimes laughed, sometimes cried, sometimes danced and sometimes chanted like a madman. (VERSE 18)


He continuously exhibited bodily transformations of transcendental love. Thus he cried, trembled, became stunned, perspired, danced in love of Godhead and made sounds like those of a cloud.(VERSE 19)


His body shone with the same luster as that of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, and he showed the same absorption in ecstatic love of Godhead. People came from all provinces of Bengal to see these symptoms. (VERSE 20)


He advised whomever he met to chant the holy names Hare Kåñëa. Thus upon seeing him, people were overwhelmed with love of Godhead. (VERSE 21)


2. ÇIVÄNANDA SENA TESTING NAKULA BRAHMACÄRÉ (VERSES 22- 32)


When Çivänanda Sena heard that Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu had entered the body of Nakula Brahmacäré, he went there with doubts in his mind. (VERSE 22)


Desiring to test the authenticity of Nakula Brahmacäré, he stayed outside, thinking as follows. (VERSE 23)

If Nakula Brahmacäré personally calls me and knows my worshipable mantra, then I shall understand that he is inspired by the presence of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu.” Thinking in this way, he stayed some distance apart. (VERSES 24-25)

There was a large crowd of people, some coming and some going. Indeed, some people in that great crowd could not even see Nakula Brahmacäré. (VERSE 26)


In his inspired state, Nakula Brahmacäré said, “Çivänanda Sena is staying some distance away. Two or four of you go call him.” (VERSE 27)


Thus people began running here and there, calling in all directions, “Çivänanda! Whoever is Çivänanda, please come. Nakula Brahmacäré is calling you.” (VERSE 28)


Hearing these calls, Çivänanda Sena quickly went there, offered obeisances to Nakula Brahmacäré, and sat down near him. (VERSE 29)


Nakula Brahmacäré said, “I know that you are doubtful. Now please hear this evidence with great attention. (VERSE 30)


You are chanting the Gaura-gopäla mantra, composed of four syllables. Now please give up the doubts that have resided within you.” (VERSE 31)

Çivänanda Sena thereupon developed full confidence in his mind that Nakula Brahmacäré was filled with the presence of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Çivänanda Sena then offered him respect and devotional service. (VERSE 32)

In this way, one should understand the inconceivable potencies of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 33)


LORD’S AVIRABHÄVA LILÄ IN NRSIMHÄNAND BRAHMACHÄRI (LORD EATS OFFERING MEANT FOR JAGANNÄTH AND NRSIMHADEVA) (VERSES 33-83)


1. LORD CAITANYA’S MESSAGE FOR ALL THE BENGAL DEVOTEES (VERSES 37-47)


Çivänanda Sena had a nephew named Çrékänta Sena, who by the grace of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu was extremely fortunate. (VERSE 37)


One year, Çrékänta Sena came alone to Jagannätha Puré in great eagerness to see the Lord. (VERSE 38)

Seeing Çrékänta Sena, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu bestowed causeless mercy upon him. Çrékänta Sena stayed near Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu for about two months at Jagannätha Puré. (VERSE 39)


When he was about to return to Bengal, the Lord told him, “Forbid the devotees of Bengal to come to Jagannätha Puré this year. (VERSE 40)


This year I shall personally go to Bengal and meet all the devotees there, headed by Advaita Äcärya. (VERSE 41)

““Please inform Çivänanda Sena that in the month of Pauña [December-January] I shall certainly go to his home. (VERSE 42)


Jagadänanda is there, and he will give Me offerings of food. Inform them all that no one should come to Jagannätha Puré this year.” (VERSE 43)

When Çrékänta Sena returned to Bengal and delivered this message, the minds of all the devotees were very pleased. (VERSE 44)

Advaita Äcärya was just about to go to Jagannätha Puré with the other devotees, but upon hearing this message, He waited. Çivänanda Sena and Jagadänanda also stayed back, awaiting the arrival of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 45)

When the month of Pauña arrived, Jagadänanda and Çivänanda collected all kinds of paraphernalia for the Lord’s reception. Every day, they would wait until evening for the Lord to come. (VERSE 46)

As the month passed but Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu did not come, Jagadänanda and Çivänanda became most unhappy. (VERSE 47)


2. NÅSIÀHÄNANDA BRAHMACÄRÉ INVITING LORD CAITANYA (VERSES 48-61)


Suddenly Nåsiàhänanda arrived, and Jagadänanda and Çivänanda arranged for him to sit near them. Seeing them both so unhappy, Nåsiàhänanda inquired, “Why do I see that you are both despondent?” (VERSES 48-49)


Then Çivänanda Sena told him, “Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu promised that He would come. Why, then, has He not arrived?” (VERSE 50)


Hearing this, Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré replied, “Please be satisfied. I assure you that I shall bring Him here three days from now.” (VERSE 51)

Çivänanda and Jagadänanda knew of Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré’s influence and love of Godhead. Therefore they now felt assured that he would certainly bring Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 52)

His real name was Pradyumna Brahmacäré. The name Nåsiàhänanda had been given to him by Lord Gaurasundara Himself. (VERSE 53)


After meditating for two days, Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré told Çivänanda Sena, “I have already brought Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu to the village known as Päëihäöi. (VERSE 54)


Tomorrow at noon He will come to your home. Therefore please bring all kinds of cooking ingredients. I shall personally cook and offer Him food. (VERSE 55)


In this way I shall bring Him here very soon. Be assured that I am telling you the truth. Do not be doubtful. (VERSE 56)


Bring all the ingredients very soon, for I want to begin cooking immediately. Please do what I say.” Thus Çivänanda Sena immediately brought whatever he asked for. (VERSES 57-58)


Beginning early in the morning, Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré cooked many varieties of food, including vegetables, cakes, sweet rice and other preparations. (VERSE 59)


LORD CAITANYA APPEARING TO NÅSIÀHA BRAHMACÄRÉ


After he finished cooking, he brought separate dishes for Jagannätha and Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 60)

He also separately offered dishes to Nåsiàhadeva, his worshipable Deity. Thus he divided all the food into three offerings. Then, outside the temple, he began to meditate upon the Lord. (VERSE 61)

3. LORD CAITANYA MANIFESTING TO NÅSIÀHÄNANDA BRAHMACÄRÉ (VERSES 62 – 74)

In his meditation he saw Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu quickly come, sit down and eat all three offerings, leaving behind no remnants. (VERSE 62)

Pradyumna Brahmacäré was overwhelmed by transcendental ecstasy upon seeing Caitanya Mahäprabhu eating everything. Thus tears flowed from his eyes. Nevertheless, he expressed dismay, saying, “Alas, alas! My dear Lord, what are You doing? You are eating everyone’s food! (VERSE 63)

My dear Lord, You are one with Jagannätha; therefore I have no objection to Your eating His offering. But why are You touching the offering for Lord Nåsiàhadeva? (VERSE 64)

I think that Nåsiàhadeva could not eat anything today, and therefore He is fasting. If the master fasts, how can the servant live?” (VERSE 65)

Although Nåsiàha Brahmacäré felt jubilation within his heart to see Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu eating everything, for the sake of Lord Nåsiàhadeva he externally expressed disappointment. (VERSE 66)

svayaà bhagavän kåñëa-caitanya-gosäïi

jagannätha-nåsiàha-saha kichu bheda näi


Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. Therefore there is no difference between Him, Lord Jagannätha and Lord Nåsiàhadeva. (VERSE 67)


Pradyumna Brahmacäré was deeply eager to understand this fact. Therefore Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu revealed it to him by a practical demonstration. (VERSE 68)

After eating all the offerings, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu started for Päëihäöi. There, He was greatly satisfied to see the different varieties of vegetables prepared in the house of Räghava. (VERSE 69)

Çivänanda said to Nåsiàhänanda, “Why are you expressing dismay?” Nåsiàhänanda replied,Just see the behavior of your Lord Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 70)


He alone has eaten the offerings for all three Deities. Because of this, both Jagannätha and Nåsiàhadeva remain fasting.” (VERSE 71)


When Çivänanda Sena heard this statement, he was unsure whether Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré was speaking that way because of ecstatic love or because it was actually a fact. (VERSE 72)


When Çivänanda Sena was thus perplexed, Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré said to him, “Bring more food. Let me cook again for Lord Nåsiàhadeva.” (VERSE 73)


Then Çivänanda Sena again brought the ingredients with which to cook, and Pradyumna Brahmacäré again cooked and offered the food to Nåsiàhadeva. (VERSE 74)


4. LORD CAITANYA CONFIRMING HIS APPERANCE BEFORE NÅSIÀHÄNANDA BRAHMACÄRÉ (VERSES 75 – 78)


The next year, Çivänanda went to Jagannätha Puré with all the other devotees to see the lotus feet of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu.(VERSE 75)


One day, in the presence of all the devotees, the Lord raised these topics concerning Nåsiàhänanda Brahmacäré and praised his transcendental qualities. (VERSE 76)

The Lord said, “Last year in the month of Pauña, when Nåsiàhänanda gave Me varieties of sweetmeats and vegetables to eat, they were so good that I felt I had never before eaten such preparations.” (VERSE 77)

Hearing this, all the devotees were struck with wonder, and Çivänanda became confident that the incident was true. (VERSE 78)


In this way Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu used to eat at the temple of Çacémätä every day and also visit the house of Çréväsa Öhäkura when kértana was performed. (VERSE 79)


Similarly, He was always present when Nityänanda Prabhu danced, and He regularly appeared at the house of Räghava. (VERSE 80)


prema-vaça gaura-prabhu, yähäì premottama

prema-vaça haïä tähä dena daraçana



Lord Gaurasundara is greatly influenced by the love of His devotees. Therefore wherever there is pure devotion to the Lord, the Lord Himself, subdued by such love, appears, and His devotees see Him. (VERSE 81)

Influenced by the loving affairs of Çivänanda Sena, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu came again and again. Therefore who can estimate the limits of his love? (VERSE 82)


Thus I have described the appearance of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Anyone who hears about these incidents can understand the transcendental opulence of the Lord. (VERSE 83)


LORD CAITANYA APPEARING TO ÇACÉMÄTÄ


DANGERS OF MÄYÄVÄDA PHILOSOPHY – BHAGAVÄN ÄCHÄRYA’S BROTHER (VERSES 84-100)


1. QUALITIES OF BHAGAVÄN ÄCHÄRYA (VERSES 84 – 88)


At Jagannätha Puré, in the association of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, lived Bhagavän Äcärya, who was certainly a gentleman, a learned scholar and a great devotee. (VERSE 84)

He was fully absorbed in thoughts of fraternal relationships with God. He was an incarnation of a cowherd boy, and thus his dealings with Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé were very friendly. (VERSE 85)

He sought the shelter of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s lotus feet with full surrender. Sometimes he would invite the Lord to dine at his home. (VERSE 86)


Bhagavän Äcärya prepared varieties of rice and vegetables at home and brought the Lord there alone to eat. (VERSE 87)

Bhagavän Äcärya’s father, whose name was Çatänanda Khän, was an expert statesman, whereas Bhagavän Äcärya was not at all interested in the management of the state. Indeed, he was almost in the renounced order of life. (VERSE 88)

2. RESPONSE OF LORD CAITANYA ON MEETING BHAGAVÄN ÄCÄRYA’S BROTHER (VERSES 89 – 91)


Bhagavän Äcärya’s brother, whose name was Gopäla Bhaööäcärya, had studied Vedänta philosophy at Benares and had then returned to Bhagavän Äcärya’s home. (VERSE 89)


Bhagavän Äcärya took his brother to meet Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, but the Lord, knowing that Gopäla Bhaööäcärya was a Mäyävädé philosopher, could not get much happiness from meeting him. (VERSE 90)

Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu derives no happiness from meeting one who is not a pure devotee of Kåñëa. Thus because Gopäla Bhaööäcärya was a Mäyävädé scholar, the Lord felt no jubilation in meeting him. Nevertheless, because Gopäla Bhaööäcärya was related to Bhagavän Äcärya, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu feigned pleasure in seeing him. (VERSE 91)

3. CONVERSATION BETWEEN SVARÜPA DÄMODARA GOSVÄMÉ & BHAGAVÄN ÄCÄRYA (VERSES 92 -100)

Bhagavän Äcärya said to Svarüpa Dämodara, “Gopäla, my younger brother, has returned to my home, having concluded his study of Vedänta philosophy.” (VERSE 92)

Bhagavän Äcärya requested Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé to hear from Gopäla the commentary upon Vedänta. Svarüpa Dämodara, however, somewhat angry because of love, spoke as follows. (VERSE 93)

buddhi bhrañöa haila tomära gopälera saìge

mäyäväda çunibäre upajila raìge


You have lost your intelligence in the association of Gopäla, and therefore you are eager to hear the Mäyäväda philosophy. (VERSE 94)

When a Vaiñëava listens to the Çäréraka-bhäñya, the Mäyäväda commentary upon the Vedänta- sütra, he gives up the Kåñëa conscious attitude that the Lord is the master and the living entity is His servant. Instead, he considers himself the Supreme Lord. (VERSE 95)

mahä-bhägavata yei, kåñëa präëa-dhana yära

mäyäväda-çravaëe citta avaçya phire täìra“


The Mäyäväda philosophy presents such a jugglery of words that even a highly elevated devotee who has accepted Kåñëa as his life and soul changes his decision when he reads the


Mäyäväda commentary on the Vedänta-sütra.” (VERSE 96)


äcärya kahe,—‘ämä sabära kåñëa-niñöha-citte

ämä sabära mana bhäñya näre phiräite’



In spite of Svarüpa Dämodara’s protest, Bhagavän Äcärya continued, “We are all fixed at the lotus feet of Kåñëa with our hearts and souls. Therefore the Çäréraka-bhäñya cannot change our minds.” (VERSE 97)

Svarüpa Dämodara replied, “Nevertheless, when we hear the Mäyäväda philosophy, we hear that Brahman is knowledge and that the universe of mäyä is false, but we gain no spiritual understanding. (VERSE 98)

The Mäyävädé philosopher tries to establish that the living entity is only imaginary and that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is under the influence of mäyä. Hearing this kind of commentary breaks the heart and life of a devotee.” (VERSE 99)



Thus Bhagavän Äcärya, greatly ashamed and fearful, remained silent. The next day, he asked Gopäla Bhaööäcärya to return to his own district. (VERSE 100)


STORY OF JUNIOR HARIDÄSA (VERSES 101-172)


1. CHOÖA HARIDÄSA BEGGING RICE FROM MÄDHAVÉ-DEVÉ (VERSES 101 – 107)


One day Bhagavän Äcärya invited Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu to dine at his home. Thus he was preparing rice and various types of vegetables. (VERSE 101)


A devotee named Choöa Haridäsa used to sing for Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Bhagavän Äcärya called him to his home and spoke as follows. (VERSE 102)


Please go to the sister of Çikhi Mähiti. In my name, ask her for a mäna of white rice and bring it here.” (VERSE 103)


Çikhi Mähiti’s sister was named Mädhavé-devé. She was an elderly lady who always performed austerities. She was very advanced in devotional service. (VERSE 104)

Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu accepted her as having formerly been an associate of Çrématé Rädhäräëé. In the entire world, three and a half people were His intimate devotees. (VERSE 105)


THREE AND A HALF INTIMATE DEVOTEES OF LORD CAITANYA (VERSE 106)


The three were Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé, Rämänanda Räya and Çikhi Mähiti, and the half a person was Çikhi Mähiti’s sister.


After begging the rice from her, Junior Haridäsa brought it to Bhagavän Äcärya, who was very pleased to see its quality. (VERSE 107)


2. LORD CAITANYA HONORED PRASADAM AND INQUIRED ABOUT THE RICE (VERSE 108 – 112)

In great affection, Bhagavän Äcärya cooked varieties of vegetables and other preparations dear to Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. He also obtained remnants of food from Lord Jagannätha and digestive aids such as ground ginger and also lime with salt. (VERSE 108)

At noon, when Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu came to eat the offerings of Bhagavän Äcärya, He first appreciated the fine rice and therefore questioned him. (VERSE 109)


Where did you get such fine rice?” the Lord asked. Bhagavän Äcärya replied, “I got it by begging from Mädhavé-devé.” (VERSE 110)


When Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu asked who had begged the rice and brought it back, Bhagavän Äcärya mentioned the name of Junior Haridäsa. (VERSE 111)


Praising the quality of the rice, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu partook of the prasädam. Then, after returning to His residence, He gave the following order to Govinda, His personal assistant. (VERSE 112)

3. PUNISHMENT OF LORD CAITANYA TO CHOÖA HARIDÄSA (VERSES 113 – 114)

From this day forward, do not allow Choöa Haridäsa to come here.” (VERSE 113)

When Junior Haridäsa heard that he had been ordered not to approach Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, he was very unhappy. No one could understand why he had been ordered not to come. (VERSE 114)

4. DEVOTEES’ ATTEMPTS TO HELP CHOÖA HARIDÄSA (VERSES 115 – 142)


4.1 SVARÜPA DÄMODARA GOSVÄMÉ AND OTHER CONFIDENTIAL DEVOTEES TRYING TO PACIFY THE LORD (VERSES 115 – 121)


Haridäsa fasted continuously for three days. Then Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé and other confidential devotees approached Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu to inquire from Him. (VERSE 115)


What great offense has Junior Haridäsa committed? Why has he been forbidden to come to Your door? He has now been fasting for three days.” (VERSE 116)


prabhu kahe,—“vairägé kare prakåti sambhäñaëa

dekhite nä päroì ämi tähära vadana


The Lord replied, “I cannot tolerate seeing the face of a person who has accepted the renounced order of life but who still talks intimately with a woman. (VERSE 117)


durvära indriya kare viñaya-grahaëa

däravé prakåti hare munerapi mana


So strongly do the senses adhere to the objects of their enjoyment that indeed a wooden statue of a woman attracts the mind of even a great saintly person. (VERSE 118)

mäträ svasrä duhiträ vä
nä viviktäsano bhavet
balavän indriya-grämo
vidväàsam api karñati

“‘One should not sit closely with one’s mother, sister or daughter, for the senses are so strong that they may attract even a person advanced in knowledge.’ (VERSE 119)


kñudra-jéva saba markaöa-vairägya kariyä

indriya caräïä bule ‘prakåti’ sambhäñiyä“



There are many persons with little in their possession who accept the renounced order of life like monkeys. They go here and there engaging in sense gratification and speaking intimately with women.” (VERSE 120)

After saying this, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu entered His room. Seeing Him in such an angry mood, all the devotees fell silent. (VERSE 121)


4.2 ALL THE DEVOTEES TOGETHER APPEALING TO THE LORD (VERSES 122 –127)


The next day, all the devotees together approached the lotus feet of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu to submit an appeal on behalf of Junior Haridäsa. (VERSE 122)

Haridäsa has committed a small offense,” they said. “Therefore, O Lord, please be merciful to him. Now he has received a sufficient lesson. In the future he will not commit such an offense.” (VERSE 123)

Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu said, “My mind is not under My control. It does not like to see anyone in the renounced order who talks intimately with women. (VERSE 124)


You should all tend to your respective engagements. Give up this useless talk. If you speak this way again, I shall go away, and you will no longer see Me here.” (VERSE 125)


Hearing this, all the devotees covered their ears with their hands, got up and went about their respective duties. (VERSE 126)


Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu also left that place to perform His noon duties. No one could understand His pastimes. (VERSE 127)


4.3 ÇRÉ PARAMÄNANDA PURÉ TRYING TO APPEASE THE LORD (VERSES 128 – 137)


The next day, all the devotees went to Çré Paramänanda Puré and requested him to pacify the Lord. (VERSE 128)


Paramänanda Puré thereupon went alone to the residence of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. The Lord, after offering him obeisances, seated him by His side with great respect. (VERSE 129)


The Lord inquired, “What is your order? For what purpose have you come here?” Paramänanda Puré then submitted his prayer that the Lord show favor to Junior Haridäsa. (VERSE 130)


Hearing this request, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu replied, “My dear lord, please hear Me. It is better for you to stay here with all the Vaiñëavas. (VERSE 131)


Please give Me permission to go to Älälanätha. I shall remain there alone; only Govinda will go with Me.” (VERSE 132)


After saying this, the Lord called for Govinda. Offering obeisances to Paramänanda Puré, He got up and began to leave. (VERSE 133)


In great haste Paramänanda Puré Gosäïi went before Him and with great humility persuaded Him to sit down in His room. (VERSE 134)


Paramänanda Puré said, “My dear Lord Caitanya, You are the independent Personality of Godhead. You can do whatever You like. Who can say anything above You? (VERSE 135)


All Your activities are for the benefit of people in general. We cannot understand them, for Your intentions are deep and grave.” (VERSE 136)


After saying this, Paramänanda Puré Gosäïi left for his own home. Then all the devotees went to see Junior Haridäsa. (VERSE 137)


4.4 ALL THE DEVOTEES ASSURING JUNIOR HARIDÄSA (VERSES 138 – 141)

Svarüpa Dämodara Gosäïi said, “Please hear us, Haridäsa, for we all wish you well. Please believe this. (VERSE 138)

At present Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu is persisting in His mood of anger because He is the independent Supreme Personality of Godhead. At some time, however, He will surely be merciful, for at heart He is very kind. (VERSE 139)

The Lord is persisting, and if you also persist, His persistence will increase. It is better for you to bathe and take prasädam. In due course, His anger will automatically subside.” (VERSE 140)


Having said this, Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé induced Haridäsa to bathe and take prasädam. After thus reassuring him, he returned home. (VERSE 141)


5. LORD CAITANYA NEGLECTING JUNIOR HARIDÄSA (VERSES 142 – 146)


When Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu went to see Lord Jagannätha in the temple, Haridäsa would stay a long distance away and see Him. (VERSE 142)



Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu is the ocean of mercy. Who can understand Him? When He chastises His dear devotees, He certainly does so to reestablish the principles of religion or duty. (VERSES 143)

After all the devotees saw this example, a mentality of fear grew among them. Therefore they all stopped talking with women, even in dreams. (VERSE 144)


In this way a complete year passed for Junior Haridäsa, but still there was not a sign of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s mercy toward him. (VERSE 145)


Thus at the end of one night, Junior Haridäsa, after offering Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu his respectful obeisances, departed for Prayäga without saying anything to anyone. (VERSE 146)


6. JUNIOR HARIDÄSA ATTAINING A SPIRITUAL FORM (VERSES 147 – 149)

Junior Haridäsa had conclusively decided to attain shelter at the lotus feet of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Thus he entered deep into the water at Triveëé, the confluence of the Ganges and Yamunä at Prayäga, and in this way gave up his life. (VERSE 147)

Immediately after committing suicide in this way, he went in his spiritual body to Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu and received the mercy of the Lord. However, he still remained invisible. (VERSE 148)

In a spiritual body resembling that of a Gandharva, Junior Haridäsa, although invisible, would sing at night for Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu to hear. No one but the Lord, however, knew of this. (VERSE 149)

One day Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu inquired from the devotees, “Where is Haridäsa? Now you may bring him here.” (VERSE 150)


The devotees all replied, “One night at the end of a full year, Junior Haridäsa got up and went away. No one knows where he has gone.” (VERSE 151)

While hearing the devotees lament, Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu was mildly smiling. Thus all the devotees were very much astonished. (VERSE 152)

One day Jagadänanda, Svarüpa, Govinda, Käçéçvara, Çaìkara, Dämodara and Mukunda all went to bathe in the sea. They could hear Haridäsa singing from a distant place as if calling them in his original voice. (VERSES 153-154)

No one could see him, but they could hear him singing in a sweet voice. Therefore all the devotees, headed by Govinda, made this guess. (VERSE 155)

Haridäsa must have committed suicide by drinking poison, and because of this sinful act, he has now become a brähmaëa ghost. (VERSE 156)

We cannot see his material form,” they said, “but still we hear his sweet singing. Therefore he must have become a ghost.” Svarüpa Dämodara, however, protested, “This is a false guess. (VERSE 157)

Junior Haridäsa chanted the Hare Kåñëa mantra throughout his entire life and served the Supreme Lord Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Moreover, he is dear to the Lord and has died in a holy place. (VERSE 158)

Haridäsa cannot have been degraded; he must have attained liberation. This is a pastime of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s. You will all understand it later.” (VERSE 159)

A devotee returned to Navadvépa from Prayäga and told everyone the details of Junior Haridäsa’s suicide. (VERSE 160)


He explained how Junior Haridäsa had made his resolution and had thus entered the waters at the confluence of the Yamunä and Ganges. Hearing these details, Çréväsa Öhäkura and the other devotees were very surprised. (VERSE 161)

At the end of the year, Çivänanda Sena came to Jagannätha Puré as usual, accompanied by the other devotees, and thus in great happiness met Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 162)

When Çréväsa Öhäkura inquired from Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, “Where is Junior Haridäsa?” the Lord replied, “A person is sure to achieve the results of his fruitive activities.” (VERSE 163)

Then Çréväsa Öhäkura related the details of Haridäsa’s decision and his entering the waters at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamunä. (VERSE 164)

When Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu heard these details, He smiled in a pleased mood and said, “If with sensual intentions one looks at women, this is the only process of atonement.” (VERSE 165)

Then all the devotees, headed by Svarüpa Dämodara Gosvämé, concluded that because Haridäsa had committed suicide at the confluence of the rivers Ganges and Yamunä, he must have ultimately attained shelter at the lotus feet of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. (VERSE 166)

7. WHY LORD CAITANYA MANIFESTED THIS PASTIME? (VERSES 167-169)



Why Lord performed this pastime?


1. It manifests the mercy of Lord Caitanya

2. To exhibit the deep attachment to Him felt by His faithful devotees

3. Shows how the Lord accepts His faithful devotee.

4. To establish that a sannyäsé should remain in the renounced order

5. Satisfy the ears and minds of pure devotees

6. To demonstrate the glories of holy places



madhura caitanya-lélä—samudra-gambhéra

loke nähi bujhe, bujhe yei ‘bhakta’ ‘dhéra’


The pastimes of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu are like nectar, and they are deep like the ocean. People in general cannot understand them, but a sober devotee can. (VERSE 170)


viçväsa kariyä çuna caitanya-carita

tarka nä kariha, tarke habe viparéta


Please hear the pastimes of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu with faith and confidence. Do not argue, for arguments will produce a contrary result. (VERSE 171)


çré-rüpa-raghunätha-pade yära äça

caitanya-caritämåta kahe kåñëadäsa


Praying at the lotus feet of Çré Rüpa and Çré Raghunätha, always desiring their mercy, I, Kåñëadäsa, narrate Çré Caitanya-caritämåta, following in their footsteps. (VERSE 172)



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