jueves, 17 de junio de 2010

Ärî Kèëòadâsa Kavirâja Gosvâmî

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Ärî Kèëòadâsa Kavirâja Gosvâmî

Ärî Kèëòadâsa Kavirâja Gosvâmî was born in a Nadiya family of physicians at the village of Jhamatpur, within the district of Barddhaman, near Naihati. His father was Ärî Bhagiratha, and his mother was Ärî Sunanda. He had a younger brother named Syama das. The deity of Gaura-Nityânanda installed by Ärî Kavirâja Gosvâmî is still being worshiped there. It appears that his family line is no more. More information about the early life of Ärî Kavirâja is available in a book called Ananda-ratnavali.

In Caitanya-caritamrta, Adi-lila chapter five, Ärî Kavirâja relates the cause of his leaving family life:

"Lord Nityânanda Prabhu had a servant named Ärî Minaketana Râmadâsa, who was a reservoir of love. At my house there was sankirtana day and night, and therefore he visited there, having been invited. Absorbed in emotional love, he sat in my courtyard, and all the Vaisnavas bowed down at his feet. In a joyful mood of love of God he sometimes climbed upon the shoulder of someone offering obeisances, and sometimes he struck others with his flute or mildly slapped them. When someone saw the eyes of Minaketana Râmadâsa, tears would automatically flow from his own eyes, for a constant shower of tears flowed from the eyes of Minaketana Ramadasa. Sometimes there were eruptions of ecstacy like kadamba flowers on some parts of his body, and sometimes one limb would be stunned while another would be trembling. Whenever he shouted aloud the name Nityânanda, the people around him were filed with great wonder and astonishment.

"One respectable brahmana named Ärî Gunarnava Misra was serving the Deity. When Minaketana was seated in the yard, this brahmana did not offer him respect. Seeing this, Ärî Ramadasa became angry and spoke:

"Here I find the second Romaharsana-suta, who did not stand to show honor when he saw Lord Balarama.

After saying this, he danced and sang to his heart's content, but the brahmana did not become angry, for he was then serving Lord Krsna. At the end of the festival Minaketana Ramadasa went away, offering his blessings to everyone. At that time he had some controversy with my brother. My brother had firm faith in Lord Caitanya, but only a dim glimmer of faith in Lord Nityânanda. Knowing this, Ärî Râmadâsa felt unhappy in his mind. I then rebuked my brother.

"'These two brothers,' I told him, 'are like one body; They are identical manifestations. If you do not believe in Lord Nityânanda, you will fall down. If you have faith in one but disrespect the other, your logic is like the logic of accepting half a hen. It would be better to be an atheist by slighting both brothers than a hypocrite by believing in one and slighting the other.'

"Thus Ärî Ramadasa broke his flute in anger and went away, and at that time my brother fell down."

That night, because He was pleased with the chastisement that Krsnadasa gave his brother for offending His dear devotee Mineketana Râmadâsa, Lord Nityânanda appeared in his dreams and declared:

Are are krsnadasa, na karaha bhaya, vrndavana yaha, tanha sarva larya haya. "O my dear Krsnadasa, do not be afraid. Go to Vrndavana, for there you will attain all things." [C.C. Adi 5.195]

Thus receiving the mercy of Lord Nityânanda in his dream, he started for Vrndavana with a joyful mind. The lotus feet of the spiritual master of Ärî Kavirâja are none other than those of Lord Nityânanda Himself.

He accepted the Gosvâmis Ärî Rupa, Ärî Sanâtana, Ärî Jîva, Ärî Raghunâtha, Ärî Raghunâtha Bhatta and Ärî Gopala Bhatta as his instructing spiritual masters. From Ärî Lokanatha Gosvâmi and Ärî Raghunâtha Bhatta Gosvâmi he begged permission to write Ärî Caitanya-caritamrta. Lokanatha directed Ärî Kavirâja that he desired to be unmentioned in his book; that is why, in Ärî Caitanya-caritamrta, hardly a reference about Lokanatha Gosvami is to be found.

Ärî Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami compiled the following books still extant: Ärî Govinda-lilamrta, Krsna-karnamrta commentary (Saranga-rangada [kangada?] -tika) and of course, Ärî Caitanya-caritamrta.

Born: 1496 (Christian)

Disappearance: 12th day bright fortnight month of Asvin (the year is not known).


  1. Ärî Abhirama Gopâla Ùhâkura - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  2. Abirama Gopâla Ùhâkura (Kèëòa-lila in Gaura-lila) - jun 16 - (SKpworks)
  3. Ärî Acyutananda - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  4. Acyutananda (eternal relationship with the Lord) - jun 17 - (SKpworks)
  5. Ärî Advaita Âcârya - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  6. Ananta Âcârya - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  7. Ärî Anupama - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  8. 13 Apasampradayas
  9. Ärîla Baladeva Vidyâbhûëana - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  10. Bhagavan dâsa Babaji (snake, cat, prasadam, goat) - jun 17 - (SKpworks)
  11. Ärî Bhâgavata Âcârya - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  12. Ärî Bhûgarbha Gosvâmî - jun 15 - (SKpworks)
  13. Candraäekara Âcâryaratna - jun 15 - (SKpworks)

Santos Vaishnavas - jun 16

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