miércoles, 16 de junio de 2010

Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni

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Iskcon Hawaii Daily Darshan

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Sri-krsna caitanya prabhu daya koro more
toma vina ke dayalu jagat-samsare
Oh my Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya, please be merciful to me, because who can be more merciful than your Lordship within these three worlds?
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Añadida el 20 de enero

Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni

Ärîyuta Naresh Narayana was the king of Puntiya, which was located in the district of Rajshahi, part of the present country of Bangladesh. His only daughter was named Saci, and she was very devoted to God from her very childhood. In a very short time she became quite proficient in her studies, especially in grammar and poetry. As she grew up everyone became stunned by her blossoming youthful beauty. However, Saci was not attracted by any earthly good-looking, well-to-do young men. She was only interested in Ärî Madana Gopala.

The king, Naresh Narayan began to think about his daughter's marriage. When she came to know of this she told her father that she wouldn't marry anyone who was subject to death. The king and queen put their hands to their heads and sat down - their only daughter refused to marry! Thus they passed on from this world, having no further work to do here.

The responsibility for governing the people now fell on Saci. For some days she attended to her duties and then, after appointing her representatives she set out to visit the holy places of pilgrimage. But she didn't feel satisfied within herself anywhere. Thus she began to search out a guru. She eventually came to Jagannath Puri, and after having darsana of Lord Jagannâtha there for a few days, she set out for Ärî Vraja Dham.

It was here that the benediction moon of her good fortune rose. Seeing the spiritual prowess and renunciation of Ärî Haridâsa Paòàita Gosvâmî, who was a staunch follower of Ärî Ärî Nitai-Gaura, she became very happy within herself and thought, "After so many days I have finally found shelter." After falling at his lotus feet and offering her obeisances, with folded hands she prayed for his mercy.

"Ananta Âcârya was the disciple of Ärî Gadadhar Pandit Gosvâmî. He was extremely munificent in distributing love of Kèëòa. Who can describe his glories? His very dear disciple was Pandit Haridâsa." (C.C. Adi) (SP translation?)

Ärî Haridâsa Paòàita Gosvâmî, in order to test Saci, told her that it wouldn't be possible for the daughter of a king to practice the renunciation that she required in order to serve the Lord in Vraja. Saci, however, could understand that this was simply a pretense. Thus she began her service in total indifference to the material world. Gradually she completely gave up wearing any ornaments or fine cloth.

One day Ärî Haridâsa told her, "If you can give up shyness, pride and fear and beg from door to door then you'll be qualified to receive my mercy. Hearing this Saci became very happy and covering her body with one soiled cloth she went from door to door of the residents of Braja, to beg something to eat. Her body became very thin and pale. But the Vrajabasis could understand that she was not an ordinary woman because of her bodily effulgence.

The Vaisnavas were astonished by her great austerities. Though she became quite thin, she took no notice of that and continued to regularly bath in the Yamuna, clean the temple of the Lord, go on parikrama, attend the arati ceremonies and hear discussions about Kèëòa.

Seeing her intense renunciation, Haridâsa became eager to reward her. He called her and told her, "Though you are the daughter of a king, the exertion with which you have worshiped Ärî Kèëòa and the degree of renunciation you have shown have pleased me very much. Now be pleased to accept the divine mantra."

Thereafter on the thirteenth day of the bright fortnight of the month of Caitra, Ärî Saci was initiated in Radha-Kèëòa mantra by Ärî Haridâsa Paòàita Gosvâmî. Having received the eighteen syllable mantra, Saci became completely imbued with love of Kèëòa. Though she was very destitute, she began to serve Ärî Guru and Govinda with intense devotion. Every day she would listen to her guru explain the sastras. Within a short time she became quite conversant in the literatures of the Gosvâmîs, and this was very pleasing to everyone.

Around this time, one other lady disciple of Haridâsa named Laksmipriya, who had a very pleasant demeanor, came to Vrindavana. Laksmipriya used to chant three lakhas of Holy Names every day. Haridâsa instructed her to take Saci with her to Radha Kunda and worship the Lord there. Thus the two of them came there and began to circumambulate Govardhana hill every day. All at once Ärî Haridâsa Paòàita called Saci back and instructed her to go to Puri to preach the message of Lod Gaurasundara to the pious people there.

At this time almost all of the associates of Mahâprabhu had given up their earthly pastimes in Puri. In accordance with the order of her guru, Saci came there and took up residence in the house of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. As no one had lived there for so many days, the place was very run down. Only the Damodara-sila that Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya used to worship was remaining there. Saci resumed the regular worship of the Lord and recite the Ärîmad-Bhâgavatam daily. Many people were very impressed to hear her conclusive explanations of the sastras and thus they used to congregate there.

Saci's fame as an accomplished lecturer on the sastras began to spread far and wide. One day, the king Mukunda Deva came to hear her class. He was very pleased to hear such authoritative conclusions coming from the mouth of this saintly mataji, so in his mind he wished to present something to her. That very night he had a dream in which Lord Jagannâtha told him, "You should offer the place known as Sveta Gaôgâ to Saci."

Early the next morning, the king came to see her, and Saci very meekly offered him a seated and inquired as to the purpose of the visit. The king thus related to her the order of Lord Jagannâtha and requested her to accept the piece of land adjacent to Sveta Gaôgâ (?). Saci, however, was not interested in acquiring property and declined the offer. But the king insisted she accept this royal grant of land, and finally she agreed after considering that it was after all the order of Lord Jagannâtha. Most pleased he could render her some service, the king presented her with the deed to the parcel of land.

After the royal grant of land became known to the public, gossip that Saci was previously the daughter of a king began to circulate around Puri. Once, shortly before Mahavaruni (a day very auspicious for bathing in the Gaôgâ), Saci thought to herself how very much she would like to leave Puri and make a pilgrimage to the Gaôgâ for this occasion. But after considering that it was her guru's order to remain in Ärî Ksetra, she decided to abandon the idea.

But that night, Lord Jagannath spoke to her in a dream: "Saci! Don't worry. On the day of Mahavaruni you should bathe in the Sveta Gaôgâ. Gaôgâ Devi herself will personally come to join you there."

Having seen this dream, Saci was very jubilant. When the day of the Varuni bath arrived, in the middle of the night Saci went to the Sveta Gaôgâ alone. As she entered into the water, a strong current suddenly gripped her and carried her inside the Jagannâtha Mandira, which was now flooded, much to her amazement, by the sacred waters of the Ganges.

There she saw thousands and thousands of the residents of Ärî Ksetra taking their baths. A great uproar resounded in all directions from the recitation of prayers and hymns. In the midst of these festivities, Saci very religiously performed the Varuni bath in the water of the Gaôgâ.

Hearing the sound of what seemed to be a large crowd of people within the temple, the watchmen outside hurried to the temple superintendent who in turn informed the king. The king ordered them to enter the temple to investigate. To the astonishment of everyone, they found Ärî Saci Devi, the reciter of the Bhâgavatam, standing there alone. The priests of the temple surmised that she must have smuggled herself into the building in order to steal the ornaments of Lord Jagannâtha. But others present felt it was impossible for her to have done this. "There must be some mystery behind it all," they said. So it was decided to confine her for trial and judgement.

Sacidevi didn't mind and very blissfully continued to chant the Holy Name. Meanwhile, the King had a dream in which Lord Jagannâtha very angrily told him, "You should immediately release Saci. I personally caused the Gaôgâ to flow from My own foot; it was this that brought her into the temple so that she could take bath on this auspicious day. If you are concerned for the welfare of your subjects and your own good fortune, then along with the temple priests you had better go and beg forgiveness at her feet and request to become her disciples."

After seeing this dream, the king awoke in very worried state. He quickly completed his morning bath and immediately called for the priests. They went to the place of Saci's confinement. The king opened the door and fell down at her lotus feet to offer his obeisances. He very humbly begged her forgiveness and submitted Lord Jagannâtha's instruction that he become her disciple.

Seeing the wonderful behavior of the king, she placed her hand on his head that he might be benedicted. On the next auspicious day she initiated the king with Radha-Kèëòa mantra. Many of the priests also accepted the shelter of her lotus feet at this time. From that day she became known as Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni.

The king wanted to donate some land to Ärî Gaôgâ Mata as guru-daksina, but she declined, saying that she only wanted the king should attain loving devotion to Lord Kèëòa's lotus feet. "I am not qualified to accept anything more then this," she told him. But the king repeatedly entreated her to accept something from him as guru-daksina. Finally - for the purpose of serving the Vaisnavas - she agreed. Thereafter, daily two pots of Mahaprasad, one pot of vegetables, one remnant of Lord Jagannâtha's cloth and one hundred sixty kauris (small conchshells) were sent to the asrama each day. That service is still observed to this day, the articles are offered first to her samadhi.

On one occasion a Paòàita of the name Mahidhara Sarma came to the banks of the Sveta Gaôgâ to offer oblations to his forefathers. He happened to hear of the wonderful qualities of Ärî Gaôgâ Mata and thus was inspired to have darsana of her lotus feet. He approached her and in turn Gaôgâ Mata very respectfully received him, offered him a seat and inquired as to the purpose of his visit.

This brahmana, though a Paòàita, was a very simple and straightforward man, so he honestly stated that he'd come to have her darsana and to receive spiritual knowledge from her. She was very pleased with his simplicity and mercifully began to speak the philosophy of the Ärîmad Bhâgavatam to him. The panditji listened very intently to her wonderful elucidation and thereafter accepted shelter at her lotus feet. On an auspicious day she initiated him with Radha Kèëòa mantra.

Mahidhara Sarma's birthplace was Dhananjaypur. On the order of Ärî Gaôgâ Mata he preached the glories of Ärî Ärî Nitai-Gaura at various localities in the district of Ganjam.

In the town of Jaipur within Rajasthan lived one devoted and religious-minded brahmana of the name Ärî Candra Sarma. In his house was a deity of Kèëòa called Ärî Rasika Raya. The brahmana however, was very poor and thus could not offer foodstuffs properly to the Deity. One night Lord Jagannath appeared to the brahmana in a dream and told him, "The service of Ärî Rasika Raya, Who is present in your house is not being conducted properly. You should straightaway bring Him here to Ärî Ksetra and deliver Him to Ärî Gaôgâ Mata, who resides on the banks of Sveta Gaôgâ. Otherwise some misfortune will befall you."

Having received this order from Lord Jagannâtha, the brahmana didn't delay but immediately set cut for Ärî Ksetra. Arriving there, he inquired as to the whereabouts of Ärî Gaôgâ Mata and thus presented himself before her. Seeing the Deity of Ärî Kèëòa, Gaôgâ Mata became very happy. But when the brahmana explained to her the reason why he had come she replied, "But I am simply a beggar. I eat by begging at a few houses each day. How will I be able to serve this Deity? You had better take your Deity with you. Please don't make me an offender."

The brahman didn't know what to do. He thought deeply about it and finally saw no other recourse for him than to place the Deity of Ärî Rasika Raya in the tulasi garden of Ärî Gaôgâ Mata and flee away. Ärî Rasika Raya appeared that night in a dream to Gaôgâ Mata and informed her, "I have come here to accept your service. That brahmana put Me in your tulasi garden and then left this place. I haven't eaten anything for a whole day. Please feed Me."

Ärî Gaôgâ Mata was struck with wonder. "The Supreme Lord Hari Himself is asking me to feed Him." Meditating on this, she became filled with ecstatic love. The hairs on her body stood on end. She quickly took bath and entered into the tulasi garden. There she saw Ärî Rasika Raya, shining in His own effulgence. With her eyes full of tears, she fell down and offered her prostrated obeisances. "Here He is," she thought joyfully, "still hungry." She picked Him up and carried Him into her room, feeling very doubtful as to what she should do. Finally she bathed him and made a simple offering of foodstuffs.

Ärî Rasika Raya immediately ate everything. Gaôgâ Mata was floating in an ocean of happiness. She spread out a new piece of cloth and laid Him down to rest. In the morning, when the devotees came to Gaôgâ Mata's house, they were astonished to see Ärî Rasika Raya. When they heard the details of what had happened they all cheered and chanted "Hari! Hari!"

Every day, Ärî Gaôgâ Mata would lovingly prepare many varieties of vegetables and cakes to offer to Ärî Rasika Raya. She would spend at least twelve hours every day serving her Deity. For some days she served Ärî Rasika Raya by begging at peoples' houses but as she got on in years this became somewhat difficult for her. Noting this, Ärî Rasika Raya by some trick or other would collect the necessary ingredients and paraphernalia from some rich merchants.

But when Gaôgâ Mata saw that there were many deficiencies in the worship due to her advanced age, she went before Ärî Rasika Raya to pray for His forgiveness and to inform Him that she was unable to serve Him nicely now. For this reason she didn't want to remain alive any longer. Ärî Rasika Raya told her in a dream: "I am very pleased with your service. You shouldn't lament. For a few more days you should continue to serve Me." Some days passed, but again she told Him that she didn't want to remain any longer. Her only request was that she might leave this world while chanting His Holy Name. Ärî Rasika Raya replied: "All right, don't worry any more. After handing over My service to one of your qualified disciples, you should come join Me in My eternal abode."

Thereafter, she entrusted the worship of Ärî Rasika Raya to one very peaceful and self-controlled disciple of hers called Vanamali Dasa. At the age of one hundred and twenty years, in the Christian year 1721, on the eleventh day of the bright fortnight of the month of Aswin, Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni, while seeing the graceful three-fold bending form of Ärî Rasika Raya and meditating upon His lotus feet, entered into His eternal pastimes.

Her appearance was in the Christian year 1601.

The Deity of Ärî Rasika Raya is still present in the house of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, next to the Sveta Gaôgâ.


  1. Ärî Abhirama Gopala Ùhâkura - jun 15
  2. Ärî Acyutananda - jun 15
  3. Sri Advaita Acarya - jun 15
  4. Ananta Âcârya - jun 15
  5. Ärî Anupama - jun 15
  6. Ärîla Baladeva Vidyâbhûëana - jun 15
  7. Ärî Bhâgavata Âcârya - jun 15
  8. Ärî Bhûgarbha Gosvâmî - jun 15
  9. Candraäekara Âcâryaratna - jun 15
  10. Ärî Devânanda Paòàita - jun 15
  11. Ärî Dhanañjaya Paòàita - jun 15
  12. Ärî Gadâdhara dâsa Ùhâkura - jun 15
  13. Ärî Gadâdhara Paòàita Gosvâmî - jun 15
  14. Ärî Gaôgâdasa Paòàita - jun 15

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