miércoles, 16 de junio de 2010

Narottama dâsa Ùhâkura

Fotos de Iskcon Hawaii Daily Darshan del álbum Sunday, June 13, 2010

Añadida el 15 de junio

Añadida el 15 de junio

Añadida el 15 de junio

Añadida el 15 de junio

Añadida el 15 de junio

Añadida el 15 de junio

Narottama dâsa Ùhâkura

He appeared 45 years after Lord Caitanya's disappearance in Raj Sathi district in modern Bangladesh as a son of King Krishnanandana Dhatu. His father had waited long for a son. Astrologers had predicted he'd be a big acharya - parents took this to mean a good ruler.

He was smart boy. He learned his subjects quickly. Narottama was attracted to the katha of Mahâprabhu which was very prominent at that time. He wanted to go to Vèndâvana.

Previously in one kirtana Lord Chaitanya had cried out "Narottama!" Nobody except Lord Nityânanda knew the meaning of this. Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityânanda went to the Padmavati River and left prema bhakti with her for Narottama. She asked, "How will I know him?" LC said, "When his body touches your waters you'll overflood in ecstacy."

When he was 12 LC and LN appeared in a dream and told him to bathe in the Padmavati which was 1 mile from Kheturi, the capital. This was during the calm season. As soon as he stepped in the river, big waves appeared. Padmavati endowed him with prema-bhakti and he turned gold. His parents thought he was sick.

When his father and uncle Purushottama were called to the capital of Bengal NDT ran off to Vèndâvana. He travelled quickly, not eating, but got a boil on his foot and had to stop beneath a tree for 3 days. A brahmin came with a pot of milk and left it for him. He prayed to the Lord for direction and had a dream of Rupa and Sanatana who told him to drink the milk and just go. He did and was healed and ran.

He went to Jiva Goswami who told him to go to Lokanatha Goswami who got sannyasa from LC. LG didn't want disciples. So NDT served him secretly for a long time, cleaning stool place and putting a pot of fresh water there and fresh dirt. He would hold the broom to his breast and weep. LG was impressed as NDT was a prince, so he gave him initiation.

NDT is Champaka Manjari and a direct potency of Lord Nityânanda. She is a personal associate of Anangamanjari.

NDT would do manas seva. Once he burned his hands while cooking in his mind, and this was noticed by Lokanatha Goswami. LG told him, "Take full shelter of Jiva Goswami." He became siksha disciple of JG, with contemporaries Ärînivasa and Shyamananda Prabhu.

JG wanted his books sent to Bengal. He sent them in a trunk with these 3 siksha disciples. Hambi, a king near Varanasi, was a dacoit and had an astrologer who told him these three mendicants had an enormous treasure in their trunk, so he stole that trunk during the night. Ärînivasa was deputed to get the books back while Narottama went on to Bengal. He sat on the bank of the Bhagirathi and cried, thinking about the Lord and desiring to know the place of His appearance. Just then an old brahmana came and asked him why he was crying, and he told him. That brahmana said, "I've seen so many pasttimes", and he took him to the place of LC's appearance, where Isana Thakur was staying. NDT got the blessings of the senior Vaishnavas - Raghunandana, Jahnavi, Bir Chandra.

In his old kingdom, his father and uncle had passed away and his cousin-brother Santosh had become king. Santosh welcomed NDT with all ceremonies and took initiation from him. This was a big thing - others took initiation also. In Khetari he held the first Gaur Purnima festival and installed six Deities - one is now in Vèndâvana in Gokulananda temple near the Radha Ramana temple (Deity of Lord Chaitanya). All great Vaishnavas of that time in Bengal came to this festival, including Shyamananda, Jahnavi, Mineketana Rama, Achyutananda, Mukunda Datta and others. NDT started Gaurâôgahatti style of kirtana (because ragas, which are only celestial, do not invoke spiritual emotions). Ärînivasa Acharya and Mukunda began singing this style at this first GP festival. After this festival many took dikshas from NDT. But smartas opposed this. He was even making sudras into brahmanas and giving brahmins initiation. He didn't care for the criticisms of the smarta brahmins.

Once he was going with his dear friend Rama Chandra Kaviraja (disciple of Ärînivasa - NDT could have been his guru in their relationship, but accepted him as friend). As they walked along they saw two brahmin boys who were bringing goats for a sacrificial slaughter. The two devotees spoke among themselves about the nastiness of this practice, and the reactions to it. When the brahmin boys heard, they became alarmed and, inquiring further, became ND's disciples. Their father was a Shakta and was very disturbed. He got a pandit to discuss with his boys but they defeated him. So he went to a big big pandit named Rupa Narayana Chakravarti and that pandit complained to the local governor, who said "I'll arrange that you debate NDT. You defeat him and we'll settle this matter once and for all."

So Ramachandra Kaviraja and another brahmin disciple of NDT set up a pottery stand and a pan stand near NDT's ashrama. The governor came there with the pandit, and as was the custom, sent servants to the shops for pots and pan. So these "wallahs" talked with the servants only in Sanskrit. Hearing this the two bigshots came to see for themselves; shudras talking first-class Sanskrit, and telling that they were disciples of NDT. This alarmed the two, who fled.

When he was 80-85 he decided to leave the planet. He got a disease in the throat and couldn't speak. Smartas said, "Just see." Disciples begged him, "Don't go now. We'll be finished." But he left anyway, wanting to serve Krishna directly in spiritual world. But Madhavacharya prayed, "If you go now, the movement will be destroyed." So he came back to life as his body was being taken on procession to be interred. He became too much famous for this. One critical brahmin then got leprosy; he came to NDT and begged forgiveness, was cured and took initiation.

At age 105 he decided to leave this world. One day he told disciples, "I want to bathe in the Gaôgâ." But they wouldn't let him step into the river, they just dug a shallow area where he sat and they splashed. But as they splashed his body melted away into the Gaôgâ.

First sankirtan

When Ärînivâsa Âcârya, Dukhi Kèëòa dâsa (later Syamananda Prabhu) and Narottama dâsa Thakur were travelling from Vèndâvana to Bengal with books given to them by Ärîla Jiva Goswami, they were robbed at night at Viëòupura by Raja Biaham Biya (the thief king). He had his thieves spying along the road as the party of Vaishnavas came along; he stole their decorated box when, after stopping for the night and having kirtan, they went to sleep. His astrologer told him, before he opened the box, that the contents were priceless. When he opened the box he saw the expensive cloth covering the books and his heart soared in anticipation. The first thing he saw underneath the cloth was the writing of Rupa Goswami; just seeing this freed him of all his sins and purified his heart; he experienced love of God and then lamented that he'd caused somebody great grief by this theft. He went to sleep and dreamed a beautiful golden person (more beautiful than a gold mountain) was laughing at him. That person said, "This is all a pastime. You will soon meet someone who will make you exceedingly happy." In the meantime, Ärînivasa was informed by the villagers that the king was a great theif and that it was he who had stolen the box of books. Ärînivasa met one brahmin named Kèëòa Ballabh, who became his disciple, along with others. Ärînivasa inquired about the king from him, and KB said, "Oh, he's become a very pious man recently - he daily hears SB and is always inviting sadhus to read the SB and explain." Ärînivasa said, "Sometime I would also like to go and explain SB to him." KB said, "Why sometime? Let's go now." So in the assembly of the king, Ärînivasa appeared, and everyone was impressed with his character. In a beautiful voice he recited SB and gave a stunning explanation that nobody had hdeard before. The king bowed at his feet, wearing a cloth around his neck as a sign of humility. He became SV Acharya and the king was most glad to be able to return the books to him.

Locan dâsa Ùhâkura

Born in Burdwan in Ayurveda doctor family. Disciple of Narahari Sarkar. He was only son, pampered, but devotee from childhood. He wrote the Chaitanya Mangal in Lokerpachali style - 5 meters combined (folk song style). He was married when young, but he was detached from family life. He spent his youth with his guru in Ärîkhanda. Murari Gupta's writings on the life of LC was inspiration of CM; Vaishnavas changed VdT's CM to CB because VdT is Vyasa of Chaitanya-lila, and Vyasa wrote Ärîmad Bhâgavatam. CM by LdT expands on pastimes of CB.

From CM by LdT: Mahâprabhu leaving Vishnupriya-devi to take sannyasa

Vpd: "Please put your hand on my head and tell me you are not taking sannyasa. This rumor I have heard from others - if it is true, I will enter fire. My life, youth, beauty, dressing, ornamental opulence is only for You. Without you, My life is useless. My heart is burning with grief."

LC, a smile playing on his lips: "Listen, my dear. Don't sully your heart with these thoughts. I now speak for Your benefit, please listen. This world is illusion. The only truths are Vishnu and the Vaishnavas. Our sons, parents, relatives - who is related to whom? Our only sweet relationship is with Krishna's lotus feet. Whether man, woman - such designations are only external. We are spirit soul. Forgetting this, we fall into duality.

Only Lord Krishna is our husband. This body is a combination of flesh, blood, mucus, stool and urine. When we are born, we are covered by maya. We go through youth, maturity, old age, experiencing so many distresses but always maintaining the body as the self. Those whom we think are our friends chastise us and leave us when we are old. We become blind and cry in an ocean of distress. Still, we don't serve the lotus feet of Govinda. Actually, we've taken this birth only to serve Krishna, but we fall down, forgetting the Lord, and suffer in hell. You have to live up to your name of Vishnupriya. Don't burden Your heart with useless remorse. These are my instructions. You now drive away all other thoughts and just think about Krishna."

With these words the Lord showed His 4 armed form to Vishnupriya-devi. She became ecstatic to see this wonderful display; understanding that everything and everyone is eternally connected with Lord Caitanya (because He is Vishnu Himself), she became overwhelmed with joy. But still, she was fixed in her own mood of devotion, thinking of the Lord as Her husband.

She fell down at His lotus feet and declared, "I am most fallen. You are my dear husband. After having gotten this priceless treasure of the opportunity to be Your maidservant, what misfortune has now brought this great downfall upon Me?" She then began to wail loudly and piteously, in great grief.

Seeing one so dear to Him in such a heartbroken condition, Lord Caitanya's eyes filled with tears, and He embraced Her. The cooling rays of His moonlike form calmed Her turbulent emotions.

"Listen, dear Vishnupriya", the Lord spoke again. "I declare to You that whenever You think of Me, I am there beside You, regardless of where I am." Vishnupriya could understand He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He continued: "You please just engage Yourself in Your daily activities, and nobody will disturb You." She silently lowered Her head and cried. Hearing His sweet words and wonderful behavior, Locan dâsa is greatly pained, but continues to sing the Lord's glories.

13 Apasampradayas

Kartabhaja: "Guru is all, follow blindly" - but Jiva Goswami says we should know that KC is never blind, and even guru may be infallible.

Gaur Nagari: Ärî Chaitanya as Krishna (lampat).

Naraneyi: Buddhistic worship of Lord Chaitanya (started in LC's time).

Atibari: these started in LC's time; LC is God Almighty (ignores His lila as devotee).

Sakhibeki: "gopis."

Sahajiya: "easy"; bodily bhava.

Aula: something like Baul.

Baul: pretends to be mad (from Batul: "becoming mad.")

Cudadhari: "wearing peacock feather"; imitation of Lord Nityânanda.

Smarta: smarta brahmins.

Jat Goswamins: family goswamis.

Daravesha: Muslim mendicants influenced by Mahâprabhu.

Shain: ?


Narada Muni is Madhumangala.

Narada caused a fight between Radha and Krishna over Lalita (swing pastime).

Krishna and Balarama - Balaram (formerly Laxman, who had sworn to never appear as the younger brother): friends taunted, "Your not the son of Yashoda, you're black", and Balaram confirmed. When parents asked why, he said, "I'm taking spite for our last lives relationship."

"Aham vritti suka vritti vyasa vritti nivritti va..." appeared on the manuscript of Ärîdhara Swami's commentary of S.B. after if had been laid in front of the Lord Vishvanatha in Benares because of controversy over its validity.

Lord Nityânanda married upon the request of Ärî Caitanya Mahâprabhu, Who gave Him this instruction in Puri along with ordering Him to return to Bengal for preaching. The Lord married Vasudha, daughter of a famous brahmin. During the marriage feast, Lord Nityânanda saw Vasudha's sister Jahnavi serving out prasadam in her 4-armed form. He recognized her as His eternal potency. So He took her as His wife also.

Sanatana took diksa from Madhusudana Vacaspati, and Rupa took diksa from Sanatana.

Bhaktivinode Thakur says the 6 Goswamis are the original brijbasis.

Excerpts of the lilas from GVA



  1. Ärî Abhirama Gopâla Ùhâkura - jun 15
  2. Ärî Acyutananda - jun 15
  3. Ärî Advaita Âcârya - jun 15
  4. Ananta Âcârya - jun 15
  5. Ärî Anupama - jun 15
  6. Ärîla Baladeva Vidyâbhûëana - jun 15
  7. Ärî Bhâgavata Âcârya - jun 15
  8. Ärî Bhûgarbha Gosvâmî - jun 15
  9. Candraäekara Âcâryaratna - jun 15
  10. Ärî Devânanda Paòàita - jun 15
  11. Ärî Dhanañjaya Paòàita - jun 15
  12. Ärî Gadâdhara dâsa Ùhâkura - jun 15
  13. Ärî Gadâdhara Paòàita Gosvâmî - jun 15
  14. Ärî Gaôgâdasa Paòàita - jun 15
  15. Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni - jun 16
  16. Gaurî Dâsa Paòàita - jun 16
  17. Ärî Vasudeva Ghosa, Ärî Madhava Ghosa and Ärî Govinda Ghosa - jun 16
  18. Ärî Gopâla Bhaùùa Gosvâmî - jun 16
  19. Ärî Gopâla Guru Gosvâmî - jun 16
  20. Ärî Govinda Kaviraja - jun 16
  21. Pundârîka Vidyânidhi - jun 16
  22. Ärî Raghunândana Ùhâkura - jun 16
  23. Raghunâtha dâsa Goswâmî - jun 16
  24. Ärî Viëòu Priya-devi (An assortment of Gaudiya Vaishnava Nectar) - jun 16
  25. Ärîla Viävanâtha Chakravartî Ùhâkura - jun 16

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