miércoles, 16 de junio de 2010

Ärî Vasudeva Ghosa, Ärî Madhava Ghosa and Ärî Govinda Ghosa

Fotos de Iskcon Hawaii Daily Darshan - Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Iskcon Hawaii Daily Darshan

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Ärî Vasudeva Ghosa, Ärî Madhava Ghosa and Ärî Govinda Ghosa

govinda, madhava, vasudeva--tina bhai

yan-sabara kirtane nace caitanya-nitai

The three brothers Govinda, Madhava and Vasudeva were the eighty-second, eighty-third and eighty-fourth branches of the tree. Lord Caitanya and Nityânanda used to dance in their kirtana performances.

The three brothers, Ärî Vasudeva Ghosa, Ärî Madhava Ghosa and Ärî Govinda Ghosa were very expert singers. Ärî Nityânanda Prabhu Himself would dance as they sang. (C.B. Antya 5.259)

According to some, their maternal uncle's house was in the village of Buron (or Burangi) in Sylhet (Ärîhatta). Their father later took up residence at Kumarahatta. After residing there for some time, the three brothers came to live at Navadvipa.

They were born in the family of uttara-radhiya Kayasthas, and were very intimate associates of Ärî Ärî Nitai-Gauranga. Ärîla Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur states that they are immediate expansions of Ärîmati Radhika's body.

All three of them composed very sweet songs describing the lilas of Ärî Gaurasundara and Ärî Kèëòa. They have particularly described the childhood pastimes of Gaura Hari, His sankirtana pastimes and acceptance of sannyasa, as well as descriptions of the beauty of Ärî Nityânanda prabhu.

According to Gaur-ganoddesa-dipika, Ärî Govinda, Ärî Madhava and Ärî Vasudeva were in Vraja-lila as Kalavati, Rasollasa and Guntinga (Guntungi) Sakhis, who recited songs composed by Ärî-Visakha-gopi. (Cc Adi 10.115)

Vasudeva and Madhava were sent with Nityânanda to preach in Bengal. Govinda stayed for some time with Mahâprabhu at Nilacala.

Every year they would come to Puri to see Mahâprabhu and perform kirtana during Ratha-yatra. Later in life they took up residences at different places. Ärî Govinda lived in Agradvip, Ärî Madhava in Dainhat and Ärî Vasudeva in Tamluk.

Ärî Govinda Ghosa and the pinda-dan lila:

When Mahâprabhu set out for Ärî Vrindavana from Nilacal with His devotees, Govinda Ghosa was also present. There is an incident described by one Acyutacarana Caudhuri. One day, Mahâprabhu, after accepting his noon meal, extended his hand, thus requesting some hari-taki (dried fruit which aids in digestion). Govinda immediately ran out to bring some from some householders in the village near where they were staying.

The next day when Mahâprabhu similarly extended His hand after lunch, Govinda again placed in it some hari-taki. Mahâprabhu looked at him and inquired as to how he was able to provide it so quickly whereas yesterday it had required some time to bring. Govinda replied that he had kept some for Mahâprabhu from yesterday. Mahâprabhu said that since he was saving things he should remain in that village and, becoming a householder, he should worship Ärî Gopinathaji there. As per the order of Mahâprabhu, Govinda began to worship Gopinathji, and after marrying he had a son who would also assist him in the worship of the Deity. But his wife and then later his son passed on to the next world.

Govinda became very sad. In a fit of anger he lay down on his bed. He didn't cook anything that day, neither he ate anything, neither did he offer anything to Gopinathaji. In the night, Gopinatha came and began to massage Govinda's legs. Then He asked him, "I don't understand your intelligence. One of your sons dies, and you decide, "Whats the point in feeding the other one let him die also."

Govinda replied, "I don't know what you're talking about. I had only one son."

"Am I not also your son? You are feeding Me and taking care of Me as your son. Now when I am dependent on you, you decide to neglect Me altogether."

"Well, anyway, now there's no one to perform my sraddha and the offering of pinda to my forefathers. Will You do that?"

"Yes, I can do it. Why not? So now will you give Me something to eat?"

Having heard Gopinatha's reply, Govinda was very happy and got up to prepare an offering. To this day, the Deity dresses in a plain white cloth and with a kusa grass ring on His finger, He offers pinda on the disappearance day of Govinda Ghosa Ùhâkura. Gopinathaji's temple is a rickshaw ride away from Agradwip railway station on the Navadwip-Katwa line.

In Tamluk, at the Ärîpat of Vasudeva Ghosa Ùhâkura, is a very beautiful Deity of Mahâprabhu, standing with His hands in an interesting mudra (pose), quite unlike any other Deity of Mahâprabhu anywhere else.

In this connection, there is a story. When Vasudeva Ghosa received the news of Mahâprabhu's departure from this world, he promptly proceeded to dig his own samadhi, and then sat down inside it, to wait for his final breath. Mahâprabhu then appeared there, and with one hand He offered His benediction, and with the other indicated that Vasudeva should get up out of the hole. Tamluk can be reached from Mecheda station, on the Calcutta-Kharagpur line, by bus. One should request to get down at Jailkhamamor.


  1. Ärî Abhirama Gopala Ùhâkura - jun 15
  2. Ärî Acyutananda - jun 15
  3. Sri Advaita Acarya - jun 15
  4. Ananta Âcârya - jun 15
  5. Ärî Anupama - jun 15
  6. Ärîla Baladeva Vidyâbhûëana - jun 15
  7. Ärî Bhâgavata Âcârya - jun 15
  8. Ärî Bhûgarbha Gosvâmî - jun 15
  9. Candraäekara Âcâryaratna - jun 15
  10. Ärî Devânanda Paòàita - jun 15
  11. Ärî Dhanañjaya Paòàita - jun 15
  12. Ärî Gadâdhara dâsa Ùhâkura - jun 15
  13. Ärî Gadâdhara Paòàita Gosvâmî - jun 15
  14. Ärî Gaôgâdasa Paòàita - jun 15
  15. Ärî Gaôgâ Mata Gosvâmîni - jun 16
  16. Gaurî Dâsa Paòàita - jun 16

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