viernes, 18 de junio de 2010



mahaprabhura priya bhryta-raghunatha-dâsa

sarva tyaji' kaila prabhura pada-tale vasa

"Ärî Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî, the forty-sixth of the tree, was one of the most dear servants of Lord Caitanya Mahâprabhu. He left all his material possessions to surrender completely unto the Lord and live at His lotus feet." (C.c. Adi 10.91)

The forefathers of Ärîla Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî were all Vaisnavas and were very rich men. His spiritual master at home was Yadunândana Âcârya. Although Raghunatha dâsa was a family man, he had no attachment for his estate and wife. Seeing his tendency to leave home, his father and uncle engaged special bodyguards to watch over him, but nevertheless he managed to escape their vigilance and went away to Jagannâtha Purî to meet Ärî Caitanya Mahâprabhu. This incident took place in the year 1439 Sakabda.

sodâsa vatsara kaila antaranga-sevana

svarupera antardhane aila Vèndâvana

"He rendered confidential service to the Lord for sixteen years at Jagannâtha Purî, and after the disappearance of both the Lord and SvaRûpa Damodara, he left Jagannâtha Purî and went to Vèndâvana." (C.c. Adi 10.93)

Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî used to reside on the bank of Ärî Râdhâkunda. At the time Râdhâ-kunda was just a small pond of water, and therefore sometimes Raghunatha would meditate on enlarging the kund. Then he would chastise himself for desiring something which would require a large amount of money.

Around this time one very wealthy Seth underwent great austerity by walking to Badarikasrama in the Himalayas. Arriving there he very reverently worshiped Ärî Badrinarayana and offered much wealth at His lotus feet. That night as he slept there, he had a dream in which Ärî Badrinarayana instructed him to proceed to Vraja, where he should present all his wealth to Ärî Raghunatha Dâsa Gosvâmî, who was residing at Aritgram. "If he declines to accept it, then you can mention My name and remind him about renovating Râdhâ-kunda and Syama-kunda."

That Seth was very happy to have seen such a wonderful dream and after returning to his home he very joyfully set out for Vraja. There he met Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî and related all of these events to him. Dâsa Gosvâmî was somewhat taken aback to hear this news, but then immediately gave his consent. Thus Sethji began to work of re-digging the two kunds.

On the banks of Râdhâ-kunda, the five Pandavas were residing in the form of trees. As the work was proceeding it was decided that on the following day these trees would have to be cut down, but that night the five Pandavas appeared in a dream of Raghunatha dâsa and forbade the cutting of those trees. Today they are still residing there. When the work of beautifying the kundas was complete, the devotees bliss knew no bounds. Nearby the kundas, the kunjas of the eight gopies were also constructed. Seeing all this, Raghunatha dâsa forgot himself in ecstasy.

Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî lived on the banks of Râdhâ-kunda without any fixed residence, staying under a different tree every night. Sometimes he would stay on the banks of the Manasa Gaôgâ. At that time these areas were jungles filled with ferocious animals. One day Sanatana Gosvâmî came to the banks of Manasa Gaôgâ to meet Gopâla Bhaùùa Gosvâmî. Before accepting his noon meal at Gopâla Bhaùùa's bhajan kutir, he went to take bath at the Pavan ghat of Manasa Gaôgâ. From there he saw two tigers come to the kund and after drinking some water saunter off. Just near that spot Raghunatha das Gosvâmî was sitting under a tree absorbed in his bhajana. Sanatana Gosvâmî was startled to see this but even more so when he saw Ärî Kèëòa standing at some distance observing everything. He then requested Raghunatha to do his bhajana within a hut.

On another occasion, Raghunatha dâsa, who still hadn't bothered to have a kutir constructed, was sitting in the noon day sun absorbed in his bhajana. Ärîmati Râdhârani happened to pass that way at this time and, seeing that the sun was beating down on Raghunatha's head, she stood behind him and held the end of her sari to shield him from the suns rays. Then one of the Gosvâmîs came along and saw this heart-rending scene, while profuse perspiration continued to flow from Ärîmati Râdhârani's transcendental body. This time when he was again requested to do his bhajan in a kutir, he immediately agreed to comply.

In Vraja, Kèëòa is served by Râdhârani and Candravali, who each have unlimited maid servants. According to the mellows of paramour love, Ärî Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî counted himself as a maidservant of the friends of Ärîmati Râdhârani. As Candravali is the chief competitor of Râdhârani, Ärî dâsa Gosvâmî would never go to her kunja or talk with any of the sakhis. Thus he served the servants of Râdhârani within his mind in this way.

One Brajabasi known as Ärî dâsa Brijabasi used to bring Ärî das Gosvâmî a leafcup of buttermilk every day. Drinking this much only Raghunath dâsa would engage in bhajana throughout the day. One day Ärî Das Brijabasi went to Candravali's kunda, known as Sakhi-sthali, to herd his cows. There he saw a palash tree with very large leaves, so he collected some leaves to make leafcups. The next day, in one of the new leafcups he brought some buttermilk to das Gosvâmî. Raghunatha dâsa accepted the leafcup of buttermilk and inquired, "Ärî dasji, where did you get these nice palash leaves?" Ärî dasji replied, "While I was pasturing the cows I came to Sakhi-sthali and found them there."

Simply hearing the word 'Sakhi-sthali' Raghunatha dâsa flew into a rage and threw the leafcup of buttermilk away saying, "The followers of Ärîmati Râdhârani never accept anything from that place." Seeing the loyal devotion of Raghunatha dâsa for Ärîmati Râdhârani Ärîdasji was amazed.

Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî used to always serve Ärî Ärî Râdhâ-Govinda in his mind. One day in his meditation he cooked sweet rice and offered it to Ärî Ärî Râdhâ and Kèëòa. In great pleasure they accepted the offering and the other sakhis also relished this prasadam. Then Raghunatha himself honored the remnants of their prasadam and in great ecstasy, due to the pleasure of having been able to satisfy Ärî Ärî Râdhâ-Govinda and Their loving attendants, he ate a little more than was his custom.

In the afternoon Raghunatha dâsa used to speak about Ärî Caitanya Mahâprabhu. However, this day when the devotees came in the afternoon to hear him speak, they found that the door to his kutir was closed. They waited for some time but when it appeared that there was no movement inside they became a little anxious and called out, "Gosvâmîji, are you all right?" Ärî dâsa Gosvâmî answered, "My body is not well."

The devotees became concerned and immediately sent word to Sanatana Gosvâmî in Mathura. At that time Ärî Sanatana Gosvâmî was staying with Ärî Vallabhacarya's son Ärî Vithalnathji, who immediately sent two physicians to Râdhâ-kunda to examine Ärî dâsa Gosvâmî. After checking his pulse, the doctors concluded that, "due to eating a combination of rice and milk his body is feeling very heavy."

Hearing this diagnosis everyone was struck with wonder. That Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî, who subsisted on only a little buttermilk each day, should fall ill from eating too much sweet rice was astonsihing, especially because it was eaten only in meditation.

Raghunatha dâsa lived for a long duration of life. For most of his life he resided at Râdhâkunda. The place where Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî performed his devotional service still exists by Râdhâkunda. He almost completely gave up eating, and therefore he was very skinny and of weak health. His only concern was to chant the holy name of the Lord. He gradually reduced his sleeping until he was almost not sleeping at all. It is said that his eyes were always full of tears. When Ärînivâsa Âcârya went to see Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî, the Gosvâmî blessed him by embracing him. Ärînivâsa Âcârya requested his blessings for preaching in Bengal, and Ärîla Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî granted them.

In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (186) it is stated that Ärîla Raghunatha dâsa Gosvâmî was formerly the gopi named Rasa-manjari. Sometimes it is said that he was Rati-manjari, while other opinions say that he was Bhanumati.

The Govardhana-sila given by Ärîman Mahâprabhu to Raghunatha dâsa to worship is still worshiped at Ärî Gokulananda Mandira, in Vrindavana.

He compiled following books: Stavavali, Dana-carita, and Mukta-carita, among others.

Birth: 1428 (Sakabda) (Cc. Adi 10.91 purport says probably 1416)

Disappearance: 1504 on the 12th day of the bright fortnight of the month of Asvin.

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