lunes, 22 de marzo de 2010

Shree Krishna - Shree Sudama

Shri Sudama

Lord Krishna had a certain brahmana friend named Sudama, who was most learned in Vedic knowledge and detached from all sense enjoyment. Furthermore, his mind was peaceful and his senses subdued. Living as a householder, he maintained himself with whatever came of its own accord. The wife of that poorly dressed brahmana suffered along with him and was emaciated from hunger. The chaste wife of the poverty-stricken brahmana once approached him, her face dried up because of her distress. Trembling with fear, she spoke as follows.

Sudama's wife Shri Sushila Devi spokes to him

Sudama’s wife said: “O Prannath, isn’t it true that the husband of the goddess of fortune is the personal friend of your exalted self? That greatest of Yadavas, the Supreme Lord Krishna, is compassionate to brahmanas and very willing to grant them His shelter.”

She continued: “O fortunate one, please approach Him, the real shelter of all saints. He will certainly give abundant wealth to such a suffering householder as you. Lord Krishna is now the ruler of the Bhojas, Vrsnis and Andhakas and is staying at Dwaraka. Since He gives even His own self to anyone who simply remembers His lotus feet, what doubt is there that He, the spiritual master of the universe, will bestow upon His sincere worshiper prosperity and material enjoyment, which are not even very desirable?”

When his wife thus repeatedly implored him in various ways, the brahmana thought to himself, “To see Lord Krishna is indeed the greatest achievement in life.” Thus he decided to go, but first he told her, “My good wife, if there is anything in the house I can bring as a gift, please give it to me.”

Sudama’s wife begged four handfuls of flat rice from neighboring brahmanas, tied up the rice in a torn piece of cloth and gave it to her husband as a present for Lord Krishna. Taking the flat rice, the saintly brahmana set off for Dwaraka, all the while wondering “How will I be able to have Krishna’s audience?”

चले श्याम सुन्दर से मिलने सुदामा, गाते चले मुख से श्रीकृष्ण नामा......

The learned brahmana Sudama, joined by some local brahmanas, passed three guard stations and went through three gateways, and then he walked by the homes of Lord Krishna’s faithful devotees, the Andhakas and Vrsnis, which ordinarily no one could do. He then entered one of the opulent palaces belonging to Lord Hari’s sixteen thousand queens, and when he did so he felt as if he were attaining the bliss of liberation.

At that time Lord Acyuta was seated on His consort’s bed. Spotting the brahmana at some distance, the Lord immediately stood up, went forward to meet him and with great pleasure embraced him. The lotus-eyed Supreme Lord felt intense ecstasy upon touching the body of His dear friend, the wise brahmana Sudama, and thus He shed tears of love.

देखि सुन्दामा की दीन दशा करुणा करिके करुणानिधि रोये !
पानी परात का हाथ छुयो नहीं, नैनन के जल से पग धोये !!

Lord Krishna seated His friend Sudama upon the bed. Then the Lord, who purifies the whole world, personally offered him various tokens of respect and washed his feet, which He sprinkled the water on His own head. He anointed him with divinely fragrant sandalwood, aguru and kuìkuma pastes and happily worshiped him with aromatic incense and arrays of lamps. After finally offering him betel nut and the gift of a cow, He welcomed him with pleasing words.

By fanning him with her camvara, the divine goddess of fortune personally served that poor brahmana Sudama, whose clothing was torn and dirty and who was so thin that veins were visible all over his body. The people in the royal palace were astonished to see Krishna, the Lord of spotless glory, so lovingly honor this shabbily dressed brahmana.

The residents of the palace said: ”What pious acts has this unkempt, impoverished brahmana performed? People regard him as lowly and contemptible, yet the spiritual master of the three worlds, the abode of Goddess Sri, is serving him reverently. Leaving the goddess of fortune sitting on her bed, the Lord has embraced this brahmana as if he were an older brother.”

Taking each other’s hands, Krishna and Sudama talked pleasantly about how they once lived together in the school of their guru.

The Supreme Lord said: “My dear Sudama, you know well the ways of dharma. After you offered the gift of remuneration to our guru and returned home from his school, did you marry a compatible wife or not?

“My dear Sudama, do you remember how we lived together in our spiritual master’s school? When a twice-born student has learned from his guru all that is to be learned, he can enjoy spiritual life, which lies beyond all ignorance.”

Krishna and Sudama at Shri Sandipani Muni ashram

“My dear friend, he who gives a person his physical birth is his first spiritual master, and he who initiates him as a twice-born brahmana and engages him in religious duties is indeed more directly his spiritual master. But the person who bestows transcendental knowledge upon the members of all the spiritual orders of society is one’s ultimate spiritual master. Indeed, he is as good as My own self.”

“I, the Soul of all beings, am not as satisfied by ritual worship, brahminical initiation, penances or self-discipline as I am by faithful service rendered to one’s spiritual master. “

“O Sudama, do you remember what happened to us while we were living with our spiritual master? Once our guru’s wife sent us to fetch firewood, and after we entered the vast forest, O Sudama, an unseasonal storm arose, with fierce wind and rain and harsh thunder.”

“Then, as the sun set, the forest was covered by darkness in every direction, and with all the flooding we could not distinguish high land from low. Constantly besieged by the powerful wind and rain, we lost our way amidst the flooding waters. We simply held each other’s hands and, in great distress, wandered aimlessly about the forest.”

“Our guru, Sandipani, understanding our predicament, set out after sunrise to search for us, his disciples, and found us in distress.”

“Do you remember Our Guru Shree Sandipani said to us: “O my children, you have suffered so much for my sake! The body is most dear to every living creature, but you are so dedicated to me that you completely disregarded your own comfort. This indeed is the duty of all true disciples: to repay the debt to their spiritual master by offering him, with pure hearts, their wealth and even their very lives. You boys are first-class brahmanas, and I am satisfied with you. May all your desires be fulfilled, and may the Vedic mantras you have learned never lose their meaning for you, in this world or the next.”

Lord Krishna continued: “We had many similar experiences while living in our spiritual master’s home. Simply by the grace of the spiritual master a person can fulfill life’s purpose and attain eternal peace.”

Then Sudama Said: “What could I possibly have failed to achieve, O Lord of lords, O universal teacher, since I was able to personally live with You, whose every desire is fulfilled, at the home of our spiritual master?

O almighty Lord, Your body comprises the Absolute Truth in the form of the Vedas and is thus the source of all auspicious goals of life. That You took up residence at the school of a spiritual master is simply one of Your pastimes in which You play the role of a human being.”

Lord Hari, Krishna, perfectly knows the hearts of all living beings, and He is especially devoted to the his own devotee. While the Supreme Lord, the goal of all saintly persons, conversed in this way with the best of the twice-born, He laughed and spoke the following words to that dear friend of His, the brahmana Sudama, all the while smiling and looking upon him with affection.

The Supreme Lord said: “O Sudama, what gift have you brought Me from home? I regard as great even the smallest gift offered by My devotees in pure love, but even great offerings presented by nondevotees do not please Me.”

“If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, a fruit or water, I will accept it.”

Even after being addressed in this way, the Sudama felt too embarrassed to offer his palmfuls of flat rice to the husband of the goddess of fortune. He simply kept his head bowed in shame.

Being the direct witness in the hearts of all living beings, Lord Krishna fully understood why Sudama had come to see Him.

Thus He thought, “In the past My friend has never worshiped Me out of a desire for material opulence, but now he comes to Me to satisfy his chaste and devoted wife. I will give him riches that even the immortal demigods cannot obtain.”

Thinking like this, the Lord snatched from the sudama’s garment the grains of flat rice tied up in an old piece of cloth and exclaimed, “What is this?

“My friend, have You brought this for Me? It gives Me extreme pleasure. Indeed, these few grains of flat rice will satisfy not only Me but also the entire universe.”

After saying this, the Supreme Lord ate one palmful and was about to eat a second when the devoted goddess Rukmini took hold of His hand.

Queen Rukmini said: “This is more than enough, O Soul of the universe, to secure him an abundance of all kinds of wealth in this world and the next. After all, one’s prosperity depends simply on Your satisfaction.”

Sudama spent that night in Lord Kesava’s palace after eating and drinking to his full satisfaction. He felt as if he had gone to the spiritual world.

The next day, Sudama set off for home while being honored by Lord Krishna, the self-satisfied maintainer of the universe. Sudama felt greatly delighted, as he walked along the road. Although he had apparently received no wealth from Lord Krishna, Sudama was too shy to beg for it on his own. He simply returned home, feeling perfectly satisfied to have had the Supreme Lord’s audience.

Sudama thought: “Lord Krishna is known to be devoted to the brahmanas, and now I have personally seen this devotion. Indeed, He who carries the goddess of fortune on His chest has embraced the poorest beggar.

Who am I? A sinful, poor friend of a brahmana. And who is Krishna? The Supreme Personality of Godhead, full in six opulences. Nonetheless, He has embraced me with His two arms.”

Sudama Ji in deep thoughts on the way back to his home....

“He treated me just like one of His brothers, making me sit on the bed of His beloved consort. And because I was fatigued, His queen personally fanned me with a yak-tail camvara. Although He is the Lord of all demigods and the object of worship for all brahmanas, He worshiped me as if I were a demigod myself, massaging my feet and rendering other humble services. Devotional service to His lotus feet is the root cause of all the perfections a person can find in heaven, in liberation, in the subterranean regions and on earth.”

Thinking “If this poor wretch suddenly becomes rich, he will forget Me in his intoxicating happiness,” the compassionate Lord did not grant me even a little wealth.

Thinking thus to himself, Sudama finally came to the place where his home stood. But that place was now crowded on all sides with towering, celestial palaces rivaling the combined brilliance of the sun, fire and the moon. There were splendorous courtyards and gardens, each filled with flocks of cooing birds and beautified by ponds in which kumuda, ambhoja, kahlara and utpala lotuses grew.

Finely attired men and doe-eyed women stood in attendance. Sudama wondered, “What is all this? Whose property is it? How has this all come about?”

As he continued to ponder in this way, the beautiful men-and maidservants, as effulgent as demigods, came forward to greet their greatly fortunate master with loud song and instrumental music.

When she heard that her husband had arrived, the Sudama ’s wife quickly came out of the house in a jubilant flurry. She resembled the goddess of fortune herself emerging from her divine abode. When the chaste lady saw her husband, her eyes filled with tears of love and eagerness. As she held her eyes closed, she solemnly bowed down to him, and in her heart she embraced him.

Sudama was amazed to see his wife. Shining forth in the midst of maidservants adorned with jeweled lockets, she looked as effulgent as a demigoddess in her celestial airplane. With pleasure he took his wife with him and entered his house, where there were hundreds of gem-studded pillars, just as in the palace of Lord Mahendra.

Sudama wondered, “What is all this?

In Sudama’s home were beds as soft and white as the foam of milk, with bedsteads made of ivory and ornamented with gold. There were also couches with golden legs, as well as royal camvara fans, golden thrones, soft cushions and gleaming canopies hung with strings of pearls. As he viewed this luxurious opulence of all varieties, Sudama calmly reasoned to himself about his unexpected prosperity.

Sudama thought: “ I have always been poor. Certainly the only possible way that such an unfortunate person as myself could become suddenly rich is that Lord Krishna, the supremely opulent chief of the Yadu dynasty, has glanced upon Me. After all, my friend Krishna, the most exalted of the Dasarhas and the enjoyer of unlimited wealth, noticed that I secretly intended to beg from Him. Thus even though He said nothing about it when I stood before Him, He actually bestowed upon me the most abundant riches. In this way He acted just like a merciful rain cloud.”

“The Lord considers even His greatest benedictions to be insignificant, while He magnifies even a small service rendered to Him by His well-wishing devotee. Thus with pleasure the Supreme Soul accepted a single palmful of the flat rice I brought Him.The Lord is the supremely compassionate reservoir of all transcendental qualities. Life after life may I serve Him with love, friendship and sympathy, and may I cultivate such firm attachment for Him by the precious association of His devotees.”

To a devotee who lacks spiritual insight, the Supreme Lord will not grant the wonderful opulences of this world—kingly power and material assets. Indeed, in His infinite wisdom the unborn Lord well knows how the intoxication of pride can cause the downfall of the wealthy.

Thus firmly fixing his determination by means of his spiritual intelligence, Sudama remained absolutely devoted to Lord Krishna, the shelter of all living beings. Free from avarice, he enjoyed, together with his wife, the sense pleasures that had been bestowed upon him, always with the idea of eventually renouncing all sense gratification.

Lord Hari is the God of all gods, the master of all sacrifices, and the supreme ruler. But He accepts the saintly brahmanas as His masters, and so there exists no deity higher than them. Thus seeing how the unconquerable Supreme Lord is nonetheless conquered by His own servants, the Lord’s dear brahmana friend felt the remaining knots of material attachment within his heart being cut by the force of his constant meditation on the Lord.

In a short time he attained Lord Krishna’s supreme abode, the destination of great saints.

Shree Sudama Mandir at Porbandar (Gujrat) also Known as Sudama Puri in ancient time.

The Lord always shows his devotee as special favor. Anyone who hears this account of the Supreme Lord’s kindness to Sudama will come to develop love for the Lord and thus become freed from the bondage of material work.
-----------------------------------जय श्री कृष्णा-------------------------------------

This Holy Katha's Soure:
Srimad Bhagwatam
by disciples of
Shri A. C. Vedanta Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Actualizado hace aproximadamente un mes

Mukesh K Agrawal
Mukesh K Agrawal

In Srimad Bhagwatam, Shri Sukadeva Gosvami has stated that all persons who hear this history of Shri Sudam brahman and Lord Krishna will know how affectionate Lord Krishna is to the brahmana devotees like Sudama. Therefore anyone who hears this history gradually becomes as qualified as Sudama Vipra, and he is thus transferred to the spiritual kingdom of Lord Krishna.

::::::::जय जय श्री कृष्णा -जय जय श्री सुदामा::::::::::

08 de marzo a las 17:27

Vrunda Sakhi
Vrunda Sakhi
jai shree krushna.....Shri Sudama or Kuchail is the only one of the two Prashantatma :)......radhe radhe.
08 de marzo a las 18:30

Shyam Kumar Banik
Shyam Kumar Banik
krishna bhakt sudhama ki jai...hare krishna
08 de marzo a las 18:48

Himanshu Dev Banga
Himanshu Dev Banga
this is Awesome!!! How could I say otherwise:) thank you bro for sharing such an important information.
08 de marzo a las 22:41

Ramya Krishna
Ramya Krishna
hare krishna hare krishna krishna krishna hare hare hare hare rama hare rama rama rama hare hare
09 de marzo a las 5:03

Rasayajna Barde
Rasayajna Barde
hari bol,
again srila visvanath vakravarti thakura comments in chapert nos 81. of tenth canto of srimad bhagavadam in his commenetray named saratha darasini, that "akothough bhagavan sri krishna is the superme independent lord,he happily reciprocates with those who are PRIYAM,his cherished servants,being devoted to the BARHMANAS,krsna especially enjoys favouring them because they possess unconditional devotion to him.
09 de marzo a las 7:27

Deepak Sharma
Deepak Sharma
Hari Om...........
Abh Kripa Karu Prabhu Ahe Banti.
Sab Tajhi Bhajan Karu Din Rati.
09 de marzo a las 9:25 ·

Mukesh K Agrawal
Mukesh K Agrawal (Facebook)
Mukesh K Agrawal - (blogger)
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